How To Transplant Cannas. Best 4-Step Guide

Learning how to transplant cannas in four steps will always be useful for propagation and maintenance. For example, you can apply the techniques discussed below to divide and create more canna lilies for your garden. But on the other hand, being skilled in transplanting them will help you relocate cannas if you started them in the greenhouse via seeds.

Cannas or canna lilies offer different flower and leaf types to satisfy every gardener’s taste. But being tropical plants, you may need to do some management practices if your area experiences challenging cold conditions. Therefore, knowing how to transplant cannas will help you in keeping these plants healthy year-round.

 

How To Transplant Cannas. Best 4-Step Guide

How To Transplant Cannas For Success

 

Step #1. Digging

Transplanting cannas is relatively straightforward, where you’ll be propagating them by division. You can do this every three years to keep the plants from getting overcrowded and help them stay healthy. More so, you’ll be hitting two birds with one stone because you’re transplanting for propagation and maintenance.

Therefore, you’ll start by digging up the canna rhizomes and preparing them for planting. The best time to do this is after the cannas finished blooming and when you notice their foliage dying. However, a useful tip to remember is to dig the cannas in fall after the first frost if your region is cold. 

You don’t need to wash the rhizome itself, but you must brush off the soil stuck on it to make division easier. After you collected the rhizomes, it’s best to cut back the plant’s foliage to at least an inch to help with rejuvenation. 

 

Step #2. Dividing

As mentioned earlier, removing the remaining soil on the rhizome should make the division more comfortable. After the rhizomes are cleaned, you should easily spot off the areas or joints where the new rhizomes grow from the mature ones. Use this as a guide to where you’ll cut the rhizomes apart with a sharp and sterile knife. 

You can also use your hand to break them apart, but make sure that each division has enough roots and at least one eye to guarantee growth. You can discard the rhizomes without any eye, as they wouldn’t grow later on. If you notice that you’re always getting an underwhelming root mass, you can leave the cannas in the ground for longer, and you should have better division next time. 

 

Step #3. Preparation 

Before planting the canna divisions, you want to submerge them first in a mix of bleach and water. This will guarantee that you won’t introduce pests and diseases among the new plants. You don’t need to scrub the rhizomes as this might damage them and cause them to rot. 

Once you sterilized them, let them dry and prepare for planting. You can opt to plant them directly in your outdoor garden as long as the weather is warm. However, a common practice among gardeners is to overwinter the rhizomes in the greenhouse and then transplanting them in spring.

If you’re waiting for the outdoor conditions to warm up, you can keep the sterilized rhizomes in a cool and dry area for a week. Place them in a box with peat moss, but cut the roots before storing them. You can plant them to around 6 inches deep or use a container. 

 

Step #4. Planting

Remember that these rhizomes will do best when you plant them two weeks before the last frost date. You can also grow them in pots and then transplant the potted cannas in spring and summer. In general, choose a bright area for these transplants and allocate a space of at least one foot among them. 

You can also amend the area with compost and add fertilizer in each planting hole to establish them. The eye should be facing upward to help the sprouts later. At this point, maintain the moisture of the location and adjust accordingly. 

 

Caring For Canna Lilies

Watering and feeding cannas are an easy task. Keep in mind that these plants would be happy being well-hydrated, so always check the soil or the medium if you need to water them. You must also adjust the watering frequency and amount according to the climate. 

While cannas will bloom without problems even without the help of fertilizers, you can boost them by feeding in spring and twice during the growing season. You can use a 5-10-5 fertilizer or those that you use for tomatoes and roses. If you want to get them taller, choose fertilizers with high nitrogen content. 

Much like with other flowering plants, deadheading cannas will extend their blooming period. You can remove the faded flowers as you see them, but the plants might benefit more from cutting back over time. This should rejuvenate the cannas to encourage flowering in the next summer if you prune back by the end of fall. 

 

Conclusion

Transplanting plants like cannas shouldn’t be intimidating. You can quickly master how to transplant cannas in three easy steps, and you’ll be able to propagate and maintain these plants comfortably. Once you notice the foliage dying after the blooming season, you can dig up the rhizomes and divide them. 

You can do the separating of rhizomes by hand or by a sharp and sterile knife. Then, you can plant them in spring or overwinter for planting in the next season. The rhizomes themelves aren’t picky in the growing locations, and they should grow without issues given the conditions are not challenging and extreme.

 

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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