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How To Transplant Cannas. Best 4-Step Guide

Learning how to transplant cannas in four steps will always be useful for propagation and maintenance. For example, you can apply the techniques discussed below to divide and create more canna lilies for your garden. But on the other hand, being skilled in transplanting them will help you relocate cannas if you started them in the greenhouse via seeds.

Cannas or canna lilies offer different flower and leaf types to satisfy every gardener’s taste. But being tropical plants, you may need to do some management practices if your area experiences challenging cold conditions. Therefore, knowing how to transplant cannas will help you in keeping these plants healthy year-round.

 

How To Transplant Cannas. Best 4-Step Guide

How To Transplant Cannas For Success

 

Step #1. Digging

Transplanting cannas is relatively straightforward, where you’ll be propagating them by division. You can do this every three years to keep the plants from getting overcrowded and help them stay healthy. More so, you’ll be hitting two birds with one stone because you’re transplanting for propagation and maintenance.

Therefore, you’ll start by digging up the canna rhizomes and preparing them for planting. The best time to do this is after the cannas finished blooming and when you notice their foliage dying. However, a useful tip to remember is to dig the cannas in fall after the first frost if your region is cold. 

You don’t need to wash the rhizome itself, but you must brush off the soil stuck on it to make division easier. After you collected the rhizomes, it’s best to cut back the plant’s foliage to at least an inch to help with rejuvenation. 

 

Step #2. Dividing

As mentioned earlier, removing the remaining soil on the rhizome should make the division more comfortable. After the rhizomes are cleaned, you should easily spot off the areas or joints where the new rhizomes grow from the mature ones. Use this as a guide to where you’ll cut the rhizomes apart with a sharp and sterile knife. 

You can also use your hand to break them apart, but make sure that each division has enough roots and at least one eye to guarantee growth. You can discard the rhizomes without any eye, as they wouldn’t grow later on. If you notice that you’re always getting an underwhelming root mass, you can leave the cannas in the ground for longer, and you should have better division next time. 

 

Step #3. Preparation 

Before planting the canna divisions, you want to submerge them first in a mix of bleach and water. This will guarantee that you won’t introduce pests and diseases among the new plants. You don’t need to scrub the rhizomes as this might damage them and cause them to rot. 

Once you sterilized them, let them dry and prepare for planting. You can opt to plant them directly in your outdoor garden as long as the weather is warm. However, a common practice among gardeners is to overwinter the rhizomes in the greenhouse and then transplanting them in spring.

If you’re waiting for the outdoor conditions to warm up, you can keep the sterilized rhizomes in a cool and dry area for a week. Place them in a box with peat moss, but cut the roots before storing them. You can plant them to around 6 inches deep or use a container. 

 

Step #4. Planting

Remember that these rhizomes will do best when you plant them two weeks before the last frost date. You can also grow them in pots and then transplant the potted cannas in spring and summer. In general, choose a bright area for these transplants and allocate a space of at least one foot among them. 

You can also amend the area with compost and add fertilizer in each planting hole to establish them. The eye should be facing upward to help the sprouts later. At this point, maintain the moisture of the location and adjust accordingly. 

 

Caring For Canna Lilies

Watering and feeding cannas are an easy task. Keep in mind that these plants would be happy being well-hydrated, so always check the soil or the medium if you need to water them. You must also adjust the watering frequency and amount according to the climate. 

While cannas will bloom without problems even without the help of fertilizers, you can boost them by feeding in spring and twice during the growing season. You can use a 5-10-5 fertilizer or those that you use for tomatoes and roses. If you want to get them taller, choose fertilizers with high nitrogen content. 

Much like with other flowering plants, deadheading cannas will extend their blooming period. You can remove the faded flowers as you see them, but the plants might benefit more from cutting back over time. This should rejuvenate the cannas to encourage flowering in the next summer if you prune back by the end of fall. 

 

Conclusion

Transplanting plants like cannas shouldn’t be intimidating. You can quickly master how to transplant cannas in three easy steps, and you’ll be able to propagate and maintain these plants comfortably. Once you notice the foliage dying after the blooming season, you can dig up the rhizomes and divide them. 

You can do the separating of rhizomes by hand or by a sharp and sterile knife. Then, you can plant them in spring or overwinter for planting in the next season. The rhizomes themelves aren’t picky in the growing locations, and they should grow without issues given the conditions are not challenging and extreme.

 

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How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

Want to know how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds? Marigold flowers are a mainstay in most of the gardens. They bloom beautiful flowers all season long and they’re easy to grow from seed. Knowing how to save marigold seeds is essential if you want to continue growing them the next season.

Fortunately, harvesting marigold seeds are quite quick and easy. You only need to take the seeds from the flowers and let them air dry before storing them during the winter season. You can pack it up with a container or seed packets to save even more for the next growing season. Some of the marigold flowers are edible and best to mix in your salads to add a distinct flavor to it.

 

Tools You’ll Need to Harvest Marigold Flowers

The tools you’ll need to harvest marigold flowers include a basket or other available containers that can be used in harvesting flowers. You’ll also need some paper towels, a sharp knife, a pair of scissors, or gardening shears.

Since you need to evaluate or describe the process, get yourself some notes. Seed packets can be envelopes or closed-air containers excluding plastic containers and bags.

 

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Here’s how you can harvest marigold plants for flower arrangements and bouquets:

 

Letting Marigold Flowers Dry

It’s important to wait until the right time to collect marigold seeds. You can harvest the seeds when the petals are dry already (when the base of each flower turning brownish). However, make sure there’s still is a bit of green color left in the base of the bloom. If you also wait until it is completely turned brown, it may start to rot or mold. It’s important to wait for the perfect time to harvest marigolds since the timing is crucial to have the right quality of marigold seeds.

Tip in harvesting: While you are harvesting, simply cut each marigold flower heads using your cutting equipment or either pinch it with your finger. However, be sure not to pull the flowers as it can harm the roots of your marigolds.

 

Opening the Marigold

Get your paper towel and set it on a flat surface. After, hold each bloom’s base, pull-off, and discard the petals and leaves of it. Then, you will easily notice the attached seeds inside the base. In the meantime, set the prepared blooms on your paper towels for bulk removal of seeds. You may also use larger towels to manage and accommodate the abundant blooms of your marigolds.

 

Removal of Marigold Seeds

Marigold seeds are likely to have a long, slender, and pointed appearance. Divided ends with black color and white color on the opposite edge. Gather your blooms, pull-off all petals, and leaves, and start pulling the seeds from the base. After getting all marigold seeds, discard the base in a single place like in bins or garbage bags. After sorting, put another paper towel on another flat surface and spread the pulled marigold seeds on it.

 

Drying of Seeds

As mentioned above, let your marigold seeds air dry for about a week in an uncovered paper towel. It will enable them to be preserved even in frost season and will prevent it from getting rot and mold.

 

Seed Storing

After drying the seeds, gather them and start placing them inside your seed packets to prolong their lifespan and will still be used after the frost date. Do not use plastic bags in storing your marigold seeds because it will retain residual moisture, which will affect your marigold seeds and even get rot and mold. To avoid forgetting about your marigold seeds, put a label on it to prevent possible disposal if unlabeled.

 

Using Stored Seeds for Replanting

After storing your collected marigold seeds, it is perfect to plant during the growing season. You can enjoy once again the benefits of it from house beautification to an edible ingredient for your salad.

 

Facts about Marigold Flowers

Marigolds are especially good for repelling insects and pests, making them companion plant for tomatoes, eggplants, tomatoes, and chili pepper because of its pungent scent of some variety. It is amazing having this kind of flow in your plant, imagine you don’t only have a beautiful attractive garden but having also a very natural insect and pest repellent that will protect your plants from any abrogation.

African marigolds have larger flower heads on plants that grow from 10 to 36 inches tall. While French marigolds are smaller and bushier, having only two inches of flower head across on plants and only having six to eighteen inches height. Sizes and colors vary on its classification, having a mixed combination is pretty great, will also add more pleasant and abundant color to your garden.

 

The Benefits of Growing Marigolds in a Greenhouse

Have you ever thought of growing your marigolds in a greenhouse? If you haven’t, it’s time to consider getting a greenhouse.

Greenhouses are great for keeping your marigolds safe from pests and diseases. Marigolds are susceptible to insects and blight, such as caterpillars, aphids, leaf spots, and mildews. You can lower the risk of plant damage by growing your marigolds in a greenhouse.

Additionally, greenhouses can also keep your plants safe from bad weather that could easily damage your flowers.

 

Final Thoughts on How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Knowing how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds is crucial if you’re planning to plant them in your garden. These beautiful flowers that usually come in yellow and orange colors are a great addition to any garden or flower arrangement.

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