How To Use A Cloning Machine For Beginners - Krostrade

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How To Use A Cloning Machine For Beginners

Did you know that you’ll be ready on how to use a cloning machine in only four steps? The term cloning of plants might sound limited to scientists, but gardeners can learn this skill and perform it with proper preparation and research. After all, cloning plants is a quick and sure way to make reliable copies of plants at a lower cost. 

If you want to preserve your plants’ qualities, cloning is an efficient technique to do so. You save time compared to waiting for plant seeds to germinate, and you won’t be limited to the plants you can do. The parent plant’s health will still be safe, but you can always grow and start your plants in the greenhouse to be confident that they’re ready for cloning. 

How To Use A Cloning Machine For Beginners

How To Use A Cloning Machine: Comprehensive Guide

 

Preparing the machine

There are many cloning machines in the market, but you can generally prepare one by filling it up with water. How much water should you add? Check the water level for the machine and remember to use water at 65 to 68°F.

Attach the misters and pump and test the machine if the spray can cover the lid’s entire surface area. Since you’re starting from cuttings, you can encourage their growth by adding a nutrient mix. Like checking the water temperature, ensure that this solution is at 68°F and check the reservoir if the pump overheats it. 

 

Setting the environment 

After filling the machine with water and nutrient mix, you can start setting it up. Most experts recommend using a humidity dome for the cloning environment. You can skip the dome in the greenhouse since it’s easy to maintain the humidity indoors. 

Check if the percentage is below 60, as this indicates that you need to increase humidity. Additionally, the best temperature for the cloning is between 700 to 75°F to guarantee success. Another advantage of those cloning in the greenhouse is that it’s easy to maintain this range and add grow lights to support the cuttings further. 

 

Using the machine

Once the machine and environment are ready, you can start cloning. Taking the cuttings from your parent plants is straightforward, considering it’s the most common way to clone and propagate. However, you want to check guides from universities to know how to make different kinds of cuttings to familiarize yourself with the concept.

They include herbaceous and softwood, semi-hardwood, hardwood, deciduous, root, and leaf cuttings. For the cloning machine, you’ll be using stem cuttings. Insert the stem in the cloning machine’s neoprene disc so that 2 inches of it is below the bottom of the disc. 

This size is crucial for the spray to target it later on. 

 

Maintenance

After using the cloning machine, it’s typical to feel nervous, especially if your plants look leggy. However, they should recover after a few hours. You can also lightly mist the plants to support them from becoming rootless. 

Typically, the cuttings can take two days to develop roots. Bright white roots should indicate healthy growth, while brown or gray roots means the water temperature needs lowering. Once the rooting starts, it’s also best to change the reservoir overall. 

In one week, the cuttings should be thriving, but don’t be tempted to transplant them yet. Wait for around ten days so that they develop their secondary roots. This indicates that you’re ready to transplant, which would be convenient if you use a greenhouse if the outdoor environment is not yet optimal. 

 

What Is A Cloning Machine?

You might be thinking, why would there be a need for a cloning machine if propagating plants from cuttings is relatively easy anyway. The significant difference and advantage is that it’s possible to root all of the cuttings at a 100% success rate. You can do the traditional method or use an aeroponic or hydroponic machine, but a cloning machine takes half the processing time without much monitoring. 

A cloning machine is a plastic square with a pump, nutrient mixture, and mist or aeroponic spray nozzles. There are disks at the top that can be hard or soft, and they would receive the cuttings. The pump is then responsible for forcing the nutrient solution through the nozzles to mist the cuttings. 

 

Conclusion

You can always propagate plants by cuttings or divisions to clone them. However, it’s a useful skill to learn how to use a cloning machine if you want a 100% success rate on all your cuttings. Additionally, cloning machines take a shorter time with minimal intervention than using an aeroponic or hydroponic system. 

To use one, prepare the machine by filling it with water and nutrient solution. Afterward, check the cloning environment and its temperature, humidity, and lighting system. These conditions make it easier to use a greenhouse since maintaining them is more comfortable indoors. You can then insert the cuttings in the discs and wait until they root. 

It can take some hours for the cuttings to recover and a week to start growing roots. However, never transplant the cutting until they have developed their secondary roots. For transplanting, you can also do it in the greenhouse until the outdoor environment is optimal. 

 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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