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How to Propagate Echinacea from Cuttings in 9 Easy Steps

Echinacea, also known as coneflowers, are beautiful flowers, so it’s no wonder why people want to know how to propagate echinacea from cuttings. Coneflowers attract butterflies, birds, and bees to your garden.

Coneflowers love the heat! They are tolerant of drought once they’re mature enough. These plants have prickly stems, making them more deer-resistant compared to most flowering plants.

There are different types of echinacea plants, but the most common one is Echinacea purpurea or the purple coneflower. These flowers look beautiful in traditional gardens or wildflower meadows. But they’re most beautiful when planted in masses, especially if they come in different colors.


How to Propagate Echinacea from Cuttings in 9 Easy Steps

How to Use Echinacea

As mentioned, coneflowers attract bees, butterflies, and birds to your garden. They also deter deer, preventing them from munching on your flowers.

Echinacea is also great for vases, bouquets, and overall flower arrangements because their stems are long. Coneflowers also look beautiful when dried.

Aside from its aesthetic value, echinacea has several uses in herbal medicine. The roots, stems, flower heads, and leaves are all used as medicine.  Native Americans used preparations of the echinacea root to treat different issues, including the common cold and flu, strengthen the immune system, and treat vaginal fungal infections.

Today, many people use echinacea as oils, extracts, pills, and ointment. Be sure to check in with your doctor or pharmacist and ask for more details about echinacea root medicines and supplements.


9 Steps to Propagate Echinacea from Cuttings

Thanks to its usefulness and beauty, many people want to know how to propagate echinacea from cuttings. Here are nine simple steps you should follow:


Step #1: Water the main plant

The best time to get cuttings from echinacea is in late fall or early winter when they’re dormant. Before you take the cuttings, water the main plant deeply (about three inches). This ensures that the roots are hydrated and the soil is soft, making it easier for you to take cuttings.


Step #2: Prepare a container for the cuttings

The next step is to prepare the pot for the roots. Use a four-inch pot and mix three parts coarse sand and two parts milled sphagnum peat moss together. Pour water into the mix and let it drain for about 30 minutes and set aside.


Step #3: Dig the main plant

Carefully dig around your echinacea plant until you can see the roots. Be sure to do this gently so you won’t damage them. Pour water over the roots to remove the soil around it. Choose the thick roots with a healthy sprout and at least one to three inches long. They’re your best bet for a successful echinacea propagation from cuttings.


Step #4: Divide the Root

Once you’ve picked a root to use, divide the root from the main plant using clean and sharp gardening shears. Trim the stem until they’re three inches long. Don’t forget to cover the hole left by the cutting with soil to keep the parent plant healthy.


Step #5: Dig a hole

Grab the container you’ve set aside and then dig a planting hole in the middle. Dig deep enough to ensure that the roots are covered with soil. Gently set the root in the hole so that the stem’s base is at the soil’s surface level. Fill the surrounding with soil and pat it down.


Step #6: Protect your echinacea plants

Place your pots in a partially shaded area, like inside a greenhouse or on your porch. It’s important to ensure that your cuttings aren’t subjected to extreme temperature changes and direct sunlight.


Step #7: Water your cuttings regularly

The potting mix should always be moist. Allow the top portion of the soil to dry slightly before watering them again. This ensures that your soil is moist, but not wet/soggy.


Step #8: Wait for a new stem or leaf to grow

Within two to three weeks, you should be able to see a new stem or leaf growing from your cuttings. Sooner or later, they’ll outgrow their four-inch pot, so be sure to transplant them to a bigger one (about six inches) after new sprouts emerge.


Step #9: Transplant to a sunny garden bed

When summer rolls in, grow your coneflowers under light shade and water them about an inch every week. Increase it to direct sunlight before the summer season ends. You can transplant your echinacea plants into your garden bed during the fall. Plant them in well-draining soil and space them at least one foot apart.


Why Plant Your Echinacea Cuttings in a Mini Greenhouse?

Coneflowers are no-fuss plants. Meaning they’re easy to grow and care for since they’re not vulnerable to common plant diseases. However, they can sometimes be affected by gray mold, vine weevils, leaf miners, and powdery mildew. Growing your plants inside a mini greenhouse with good ventilation lowers the risk of diseases and fungal infections.

On the other hand, mini greenhouses can also protect your plants from bad weather. Snow, frost, high winds, heavy rain, and storms, can easily damage your garden. Greenhouse gardening provides them with a safe space to grow, regardless of the weather.


Final Thoughts on How to Propagate Echinacea from Cuttings

Now that you know how to propagate echinacea from cuttings, the next thing you need to do is to grow them! Coneflowers are beautiful plants that don’t require much care and attention. Whether you plant them in a greenhouse or your backyard, you’ll be able to enjoy beautiful and colorful blooms.

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How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

Want to know how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds? Marigold flowers are a mainstay in most of the gardens. They bloom beautiful flowers all season long and they’re easy to grow from seed. Knowing how to save marigold seeds is essential if you want to continue growing them the next season.

Fortunately, harvesting marigold seeds are quite quick and easy. You only need to take the seeds from the flowers and let them air dry before storing them during the winter season. You can pack it up with a container or seed packets to save even more for the next growing season. Some of the marigold flowers are edible and best to mix in your salads to add a distinct flavor to it.


Tools You’ll Need to Harvest Marigold Flowers

The tools you’ll need to harvest marigold flowers include a basket or other available containers that can be used in harvesting flowers. You’ll also need some paper towels, a sharp knife, a pair of scissors, or gardening shears.

Since you need to evaluate or describe the process, get yourself some notes. Seed packets can be envelopes or closed-air containers excluding plastic containers and bags.


How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Here’s how you can harvest marigold plants for flower arrangements and bouquets:


Letting Marigold Flowers Dry

It’s important to wait until the right time to collect marigold seeds. You can harvest the seeds when the petals are dry already (when the base of each flower turning brownish). However, make sure there’s still is a bit of green color left in the base of the bloom. If you also wait until it is completely turned brown, it may start to rot or mold. It’s important to wait for the perfect time to harvest marigolds since the timing is crucial to have the right quality of marigold seeds.

Tip in harvesting: While you are harvesting, simply cut each marigold flower heads using your cutting equipment or either pinch it with your finger. However, be sure not to pull the flowers as it can harm the roots of your marigolds.


Opening the Marigold

Get your paper towel and set it on a flat surface. After, hold each bloom’s base, pull-off, and discard the petals and leaves of it. Then, you will easily notice the attached seeds inside the base. In the meantime, set the prepared blooms on your paper towels for bulk removal of seeds. You may also use larger towels to manage and accommodate the abundant blooms of your marigolds.


Removal of Marigold Seeds

Marigold seeds are likely to have a long, slender, and pointed appearance. Divided ends with black color and white color on the opposite edge. Gather your blooms, pull-off all petals, and leaves, and start pulling the seeds from the base. After getting all marigold seeds, discard the base in a single place like in bins or garbage bags. After sorting, put another paper towel on another flat surface and spread the pulled marigold seeds on it.


Drying of Seeds

As mentioned above, let your marigold seeds air dry for about a week in an uncovered paper towel. It will enable them to be preserved even in frost season and will prevent it from getting rot and mold.


Seed Storing

After drying the seeds, gather them and start placing them inside your seed packets to prolong their lifespan and will still be used after the frost date. Do not use plastic bags in storing your marigold seeds because it will retain residual moisture, which will affect your marigold seeds and even get rot and mold. To avoid forgetting about your marigold seeds, put a label on it to prevent possible disposal if unlabeled.


Using Stored Seeds for Replanting

After storing your collected marigold seeds, it is perfect to plant during the growing season. You can enjoy once again the benefits of it from house beautification to an edible ingredient for your salad.


Facts about Marigold Flowers

Marigolds are especially good for repelling insects and pests, making them companion plant for tomatoes, eggplants, tomatoes, and chili pepper because of its pungent scent of some variety. It is amazing having this kind of flow in your plant, imagine you don’t only have a beautiful attractive garden but having also a very natural insect and pest repellent that will protect your plants from any abrogation.

African marigolds have larger flower heads on plants that grow from 10 to 36 inches tall. While French marigolds are smaller and bushier, having only two inches of flower head across on plants and only having six to eighteen inches height. Sizes and colors vary on its classification, having a mixed combination is pretty great, will also add more pleasant and abundant color to your garden.


The Benefits of Growing Marigolds in a Greenhouse

Have you ever thought of growing your marigolds in a greenhouse? If you haven’t, it’s time to consider getting a greenhouse.

Greenhouses are great for keeping your marigolds safe from pests and diseases. Marigolds are susceptible to insects and blight, such as caterpillars, aphids, leaf spots, and mildews. You can lower the risk of plant damage by growing your marigolds in a greenhouse.

Additionally, greenhouses can also keep your plants safe from bad weather that could easily damage your flowers.


Final Thoughts on How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Knowing how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds is crucial if you’re planning to plant them in your garden. These beautiful flowers that usually come in yellow and orange colors are a great addition to any garden or flower arrangement.

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