How to Propagate Echinacea from Cuttings in 9 Easy Steps

Echinacea, also known as coneflowers, are beautiful flowers, so it’s no wonder why people want to know how to propagate echinacea from cuttings. Coneflowers attract butterflies, birds, and bees to your garden.

Coneflowers love the heat! They are tolerant of drought once they’re mature enough. These plants have prickly stems, making them more deer-resistant compared to most flowering plants.

There are different types of echinacea plants, but the most common one is Echinacea purpurea or the purple coneflower. These flowers look beautiful in traditional gardens or wildflower meadows. But they’re most beautiful when planted in masses, especially if they come in different colors.

 

How to Propagate Echinacea from Cuttings in 9 Easy Steps

How to Use Echinacea

As mentioned, coneflowers attract bees, butterflies, and birds to your garden. They also deter deer, preventing them from munching on your flowers.

Echinacea is also great for vases, bouquets, and overall flower arrangements because their stems are long. Coneflowers also look beautiful when dried.

Aside from its aesthetic value, echinacea has several uses in herbal medicine. The roots, stems, flower heads, and leaves are all used as medicine.  Native Americans used preparations of the echinacea root to treat different issues, including the common cold and flu, strengthen the immune system, and treat vaginal fungal infections.

Today, many people use echinacea as oils, extracts, pills, and ointment. Be sure to check in with your doctor or pharmacist and ask for more details about echinacea root medicines and supplements.

 

9 Steps to Propagate Echinacea from Cuttings

Thanks to its usefulness and beauty, many people want to know how to propagate echinacea from cuttings. Here are nine simple steps you should follow:

 

Step #1: Water the main plant

The best time to get cuttings from echinacea is in late fall or early winter when they’re dormant. Before you take the cuttings, water the main plant deeply (about three inches). This ensures that the roots are hydrated and the soil is soft, making it easier for you to take cuttings.

 

Step #2: Prepare a container for the cuttings

The next step is to prepare the pot for the roots. Use a four-inch pot and mix three parts coarse sand and two parts milled sphagnum peat moss together. Pour water into the mix and let it drain for about 30 minutes and set aside.

 

Step #3: Dig the main plant

Carefully dig around your echinacea plant until you can see the roots. Be sure to do this gently so you won’t damage them. Pour water over the roots to remove the soil around it. Choose the thick roots with a healthy sprout and at least one to three inches long. They’re your best bet for a successful echinacea propagation from cuttings.

 

Step #4: Divide the Root

Once you’ve picked a root to use, divide the root from the main plant using clean and sharp gardening shears. Trim the stem until they’re three inches long. Don’t forget to cover the hole left by the cutting with soil to keep the parent plant healthy.

 

Step #5: Dig a hole

Grab the container you’ve set aside and then dig a planting hole in the middle. Dig deep enough to ensure that the roots are covered with soil. Gently set the root in the hole so that the stem’s base is at the soil’s surface level. Fill the surrounding with soil and pat it down.

 

Step #6: Protect your echinacea plants

Place your pots in a partially shaded area, like inside a greenhouse or on your porch. It’s important to ensure that your cuttings aren’t subjected to extreme temperature changes and direct sunlight.

 

Step #7: Water your cuttings regularly

The potting mix should always be moist. Allow the top portion of the soil to dry slightly before watering them again. This ensures that your soil is moist, but not wet/soggy.

 

Step #8: Wait for a new stem or leaf to grow

Within two to three weeks, you should be able to see a new stem or leaf growing from your cuttings. Sooner or later, they’ll outgrow their four-inch pot, so be sure to transplant them to a bigger one (about six inches) after new sprouts emerge.

 

Step #9: Transplant to a sunny garden bed

When summer rolls in, grow your coneflowers under light shade and water them about an inch every week. Increase it to direct sunlight before the summer season ends. You can transplant your echinacea plants into your garden bed during the fall. Plant them in well-draining soil and space them at least one foot apart.

 

Why Plant Your Echinacea Cuttings in a Mini Greenhouse?

Coneflowers are no-fuss plants. Meaning they’re easy to grow and care for since they’re not vulnerable to common plant diseases. However, they can sometimes be affected by gray mold, vine weevils, leaf miners, and powdery mildew. Growing your plants inside a mini greenhouse with good ventilation lowers the risk of diseases and fungal infections.

On the other hand, mini greenhouses can also protect your plants from bad weather. Snow, frost, high winds, heavy rain, and storms, can easily damage your garden. Greenhouse gardening provides them with a safe space to grow, regardless of the weather.

 

Final Thoughts on How to Propagate Echinacea from Cuttings

Now that you know how to propagate echinacea from cuttings, the next thing you need to do is to grow them! Coneflowers are beautiful plants that don’t require much care and attention. Whether you plant them in a greenhouse or your backyard, you’ll be able to enjoy beautiful and colorful blooms.

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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