How To Add Mycorrhizae To Soil. 3 Best Factors

You can learn how to add mycorrhizae to soil by considering three factors, and this article will discuss them more in-depth later on. Remember that as a gardener, you must always strive to discover different techniques to improve your crops and plants’ environment. Understanding how to add mycorrhizae to soil will let you reap many benefits in the garden and greenhouse. 

What do mycorrhizal fungi do for your plants? For starters, the relationship between the two organisms promotes better uptake of minerals and water of the plants. However, you must know the method, timing, and considerations when adding mycorrhizae. You may also need to find the mycorrhizae species that will thrive best in your location.

 

How To Add Mycorrhizae To Soil. 3 Best Factors

How To Add Mycorrhizae To Soil Correctly

 

Method

The first factor that you have to master when adding mycorrhizae to the soil is the method itself. The process is relatively straightforward, and you don’t need any tools or equipment to do so. The primary concept that you have to remember in learning how to add mycorrhizae to soil is to have contact between the roots and the fungi. 

 

Choose the formulation

The mycorrhizal inoculant can come in different formulations, which are granules and powder. Therefore, you can apply them to various ways to suit your growing practice in the garden or greenhouse. You can also add mycorrhizae to the soil at different stages of growing a plant. 

 

Choose the growing stage

For example, you can add the formulation to the seedbed or potting soil when sowing seeds. You can also rub it directly on the root ball during planting or transplanting. Otherwise, you can just throw some into the planting hole. 

 

Choose the growing practice

Another method to add mycorrhizae to the soil is using an irrigation system, root dip, or porous media. Sodding can also be an excellent way to add mycorrhizae mixed with water before or after laying the sod. The same mixture will also work if the plants are already planted or inject the formulation into the established plant’s root zone. 

 

Timing

The second factor when adding mycorrhizae to the soil is the timing of the application. As previously discussed, you can add mycorrhizae at different growing stages using the right application method. The good news of not having a specific timing is that you can use the products regardless of your plant’s current life cycle. 

However, the most beneficial time to treat the plants, or the soil, is during the earliest part of the plant’s growth. You can think of these periods as the sowing stage or when you are starting plants from transplants or propagation. In addition to starting plants in the greenhouse, these timings also present the perfect opportunity to reap mycorrhizae’s benefits. 

 

Frequency

Another advantage in treating the soil with mycorrhizae early on the plant’s growth stage is that you will not need as many products as you would in the later stages. This is because the soil you’ll use is fewer as well. More so, remember that some plants like annuals can do well with one application only. 

Nonetheless, it’s best to do your research to create the optimal reapplication interval for your garden or greenhouse. Reapplications might be necessary for some plants, especially those with longer life cycles. This will also be true if the plant requires replanting at some point. 

Remember that these fungi are not free-living, meaning the plant’s death will also indicate their death. The symbiotic relationship between the plant and the fungi will remain throughout the former’s life cycle, dictating the reapplication. 

 

Considerations

 

Rates

Now that you have the method and timing understood, it’s worth emphasizing the importance of additional considerations in mycorrhizal applications. For example, you should know how much mycorrhizae to use on your plants. Much like with any other product you use in the garden, be diligent in checking the label rates and ensure that you follow them. 

Some gardeners’ common misconception is that applying over the recommended rate will also mean a higher impact. However, this will just be a wasteful venture as the plant will only use what it needs. You’re likely to benefit the best if you follow the recommendations. 

 

Environmental and site conditions

When using mycorrhizae, high temperatures, around 140°F, can kill the fungi. More so, you might use fungicides in your growing practice, so be mindful of the products that won’t damage mycorrhizae. 

More so, you want to be careful of phosphorus. Unlike certain fungicides or high temperatures, phosphorus itself won’t kill mycorrhizae. However, having a high level of phosphorus will slow down the relationship between the plant and the fungi. 

 

Conclusion

Did you know that you can take advantage of the symbiotic relationship between fungi and plants easily? The process of learning how to add mycorrhizae to soil is relatively simple as long as you keep the three factors in mind. First, understand the method and choose the proper application technique for your regimen. 

Second, find the ideal timing of adding mycorrhizae during the early stages of a plant’s growth. And lastly, the rates and environmental and site conditions can affect the performance or even kill the fungi itself. Overall, understanding these three factors should help you learn how to add mycorrhizae to soil successfully. 

 

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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