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How To Keep Mums From Blooming Too Early

You will know how to keep mums from blooming too early if you understand what factors affect their blooming. Unlike other flowers, mums or chrysanthemums are prone to premature budding, making their finishing short and initiating flower buds before even the reproductive stage. This can be stressful for gardeners because it affects productivity, and the plants will not perform well. 

The good news is that mums are relatively easy to grow, and their optimal conditions are easy to meet, especially in a controlled environment like a greenhouse. Their hardiness zones are from 5 to 9, making them one of the hardiest flowers to cultivate. However, the best time for them to bloom in the fall, so take the time to understand their blooming factors and keep them from doing it prematurely.

How To Keep Mums From Blooming Too Early

Learn How To Keep Mums From Blooming Too Early

The main reasons for the early blooming or premature budding of mums are temperature, day period, and maintenance. As you can notice, these factors are straightforward to control, especially with a greenhouse. This is also the reason why commercial manufacturers grow flowers indoors

 

Temperature

Exposure to extreme conditions like high temperatures, excessive rain, and low relative humidity can cause mums to bloom early. Therefore, indoor cultivation of these flowers can protect them from these conditions and maintain optimal requirements instead. This is also the same reason why it’s not best to plant or even transplant chrysanthemums outside too early because the cold temperatures outdoors will inevitably trigger early flowering. 

The plants will end up finishing too short, especially during the vegetative phase. The excessive rain can also damage the roots, and low relative humidity causes stress, which are both causes of premature budding in mums. If you’re using a greenhouse, what are the optimal conditions for mums?

The recommended temperatures for mums are from 65 to 70°F, while the relative humidity should be 70 to 90%. But what about the timing for transferring mums outdoors without encouraging blooming too early? This will depend on your location’s climate, but generally, be on the lookout for mums being exposed to harsh weather. 

 

Day period

Manipulating the day period is also another way to keep mums from blooming too early. For example, having 4 hours of night interruption will maintain the plants in their vegetative phase. And if you are in the deep south, light your cuttings in propagation year-round. 

Using Florel can also help in delaying the flowering, depending on your varieties. Apply it a week after transplanting or when the mums are fully rooted. However, gardeners recommend using lighting and temperature to prevent premature budding because of the various limitations with Florel. 

 

Maintenance

As previously discussed, the temperature and light both affect the time when mums bloom. However, maintenance also plays a role in premature budding. The stress from heat or root loss from harsh weather is preventable by misting the plants. 

Keeping mums well hydrated until they are 60% of their final size will prevent early blooming. Additionally, low fertility will also restrict your plants’ vegetative growth, pushing them into reproduction before reaching the ideal size. Therefore, keeping mums well-fed after transplanting should promote vegetative growth and overcome premature budding. 

Experts recommend a phosphorus-rich fertilizer, especially when you just transplanted chrysanthemums. This will promote rooting and encourage them to grow and develop lateral breaks instead of undergoing reproduction. However, be wary of control-release fertilizers because high salt also halts plant growth and causes stress on your plants. 

If you notice that your mums indeed start blooming too early, you can pinch flower buds and apply fertilizer. When done early enough, you shouldn’t experience a significant delay in their growth. 

 

Why Is It A Problem When Mums Bloom Too Early?

It’s a gardener’s headache to see mums blooming too early, but why do we have to prevent premature budding plants? Let’s say that you are growing mums for commercial use. If they bloomed too early, then you’ll also be too early from your target sales date. 

It can also be stressful when some mums reach budding earlier than others, especially when you have a schedule. If the plants cease growth earlier than necessary, you’ll end up with dead flowers and lower quality. Even if they don’t die, you have a smaller plant with short stems without even developing leaves. 

Remember that mums are known for having a beautiful round growth, and premature budding will cause a lopsided shape instead. The good news is that proper knowledge of mums’ conditions and growing them in a controlled environment in a greenhouse should prevent them from blooming too early. 

 

Conclusion

If you want to achieve high-quality, healthy, and rounded mums, it’s vital to prevent premature budding. Learning how to keep mums from blooming too early is quite simple in the sense that you understand three factors that affect the flowers’ budding. They are temperature, day period, and proper maintenance. 

These considerations are all easy to control in the greenhouse. You have to understand that cold temperature, harsh weather, low humidity, lighting, and even insufficient water and fertilizer contribute to premature budding. In the greenhouse, you can maintain the optimal indoor conditions so the mums don’t undergo stress that can encourage them to bloom early. 

If they are well-watered and fed, they will also continue to grow instead of quickly experiencing the reproductive phase. 

 

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How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

Want to know how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds? Marigold flowers are a mainstay in most of the gardens. They bloom beautiful flowers all season long and they’re easy to grow from seed. Knowing how to save marigold seeds is essential if you want to continue growing them the next season.

Fortunately, harvesting marigold seeds are quite quick and easy. You only need to take the seeds from the flowers and let them air dry before storing them during the winter season. You can pack it up with a container or seed packets to save even more for the next growing season. Some of the marigold flowers are edible and best to mix in your salads to add a distinct flavor to it.

 

Tools You’ll Need to Harvest Marigold Flowers

The tools you’ll need to harvest marigold flowers include a basket or other available containers that can be used in harvesting flowers. You’ll also need some paper towels, a sharp knife, a pair of scissors, or gardening shears.

Since you need to evaluate or describe the process, get yourself some notes. Seed packets can be envelopes or closed-air containers excluding plastic containers and bags.

 

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Here’s how you can harvest marigold plants for flower arrangements and bouquets:

 

Letting Marigold Flowers Dry

It’s important to wait until the right time to collect marigold seeds. You can harvest the seeds when the petals are dry already (when the base of each flower turning brownish). However, make sure there’s still is a bit of green color left in the base of the bloom. If you also wait until it is completely turned brown, it may start to rot or mold. It’s important to wait for the perfect time to harvest marigolds since the timing is crucial to have the right quality of marigold seeds.

Tip in harvesting: While you are harvesting, simply cut each marigold flower heads using your cutting equipment or either pinch it with your finger. However, be sure not to pull the flowers as it can harm the roots of your marigolds.

 

Opening the Marigold

Get your paper towel and set it on a flat surface. After, hold each bloom’s base, pull-off, and discard the petals and leaves of it. Then, you will easily notice the attached seeds inside the base. In the meantime, set the prepared blooms on your paper towels for bulk removal of seeds. You may also use larger towels to manage and accommodate the abundant blooms of your marigolds.

 

Removal of Marigold Seeds

Marigold seeds are likely to have a long, slender, and pointed appearance. Divided ends with black color and white color on the opposite edge. Gather your blooms, pull-off all petals, and leaves, and start pulling the seeds from the base. After getting all marigold seeds, discard the base in a single place like in bins or garbage bags. After sorting, put another paper towel on another flat surface and spread the pulled marigold seeds on it.

 

Drying of Seeds

As mentioned above, let your marigold seeds air dry for about a week in an uncovered paper towel. It will enable them to be preserved even in frost season and will prevent it from getting rot and mold.

 

Seed Storing

After drying the seeds, gather them and start placing them inside your seed packets to prolong their lifespan and will still be used after the frost date. Do not use plastic bags in storing your marigold seeds because it will retain residual moisture, which will affect your marigold seeds and even get rot and mold. To avoid forgetting about your marigold seeds, put a label on it to prevent possible disposal if unlabeled.

 

Using Stored Seeds for Replanting

After storing your collected marigold seeds, it is perfect to plant during the growing season. You can enjoy once again the benefits of it from house beautification to an edible ingredient for your salad.

 

Facts about Marigold Flowers

Marigolds are especially good for repelling insects and pests, making them companion plant for tomatoes, eggplants, tomatoes, and chili pepper because of its pungent scent of some variety. It is amazing having this kind of flow in your plant, imagine you don’t only have a beautiful attractive garden but having also a very natural insect and pest repellent that will protect your plants from any abrogation.

African marigolds have larger flower heads on plants that grow from 10 to 36 inches tall. While French marigolds are smaller and bushier, having only two inches of flower head across on plants and only having six to eighteen inches height. Sizes and colors vary on its classification, having a mixed combination is pretty great, will also add more pleasant and abundant color to your garden.

 

The Benefits of Growing Marigolds in a Greenhouse

Have you ever thought of growing your marigolds in a greenhouse? If you haven’t, it’s time to consider getting a greenhouse.

Greenhouses are great for keeping your marigolds safe from pests and diseases. Marigolds are susceptible to insects and blight, such as caterpillars, aphids, leaf spots, and mildews. You can lower the risk of plant damage by growing your marigolds in a greenhouse.

Additionally, greenhouses can also keep your plants safe from bad weather that could easily damage your flowers.

 

Final Thoughts on How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Knowing how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds is crucial if you’re planning to plant them in your garden. These beautiful flowers that usually come in yellow and orange colors are a great addition to any garden or flower arrangement.

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