How To Root Mums. The Best And Easiest Way - Krostrade

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How To Root Mums. The Best And Easiest Way

Learning how to root mums involves propagating them using seeds, cuttings, or divisions. You’ll already have a head start when you start mums in the greenhouse because you can control the environment to their requirements. But much like starting plants in the greenhouse, you must learn how to propagate these flowers correctly, depending on what method you’ll use. 

Mums or chrysanthemums are one of the easiest perennials that you can grow either for fall or spring. You can also easily manipulate the environment so that they don’t bloom too early. Because of these characteristics, it’s not surprising that gardeners have come up with multiple rooting methods. 

How To Root Mums. The Best And Easiest Way

How To Root Mums Successfully: Propagating Mums The Easy Way

You can easily root mums either from seeds, cuttings, or divisions. Choosing among them would depend on which you think will be more comfortable for you. You can also select the greenhouse for their propagation to ensure that they’ll meet optimal survival conditions. 

 

Propagating mums using seeds

If you want a relatively straightforward and inexpensive way to propagate new mums, start them from seeds. They can begin blooming in the first year, and the uncertainty even proves to be something exciting for gardeners. However, do note that propagating chrysanthemums from seeds involves an extended growing season. 

The best time to propagate mums from seeds is in early spring and indoors. You want to do this at eight weeks before the last frost as well. If you’re not sure with your frost dates, save yourself the risk and check your hardiness zone and mark your calendar. 

You can use pots or trays with seed mix and check the packet directions to know the recommended depth of the seeds. You would want to moisten the soil and cover the seeds with mulch to maintain moisture. Afterward, place the container underneath a growing light until they germinate and check your indoor temperatures accordingly since sowing at 59°F is optimal. 

Before you transplant the mums outdoors, make sure that you have hardened them first. A week before your last frost date, you can take them in a protected area outside. This will help them adjust before transferring them for good after two to three weeks. 

 

Propagating mums using cuttings

Taking cuttings from established mums is another way of propagating these plants. The best time to get the cuttings is in spring from the mums that have grown last year, but be careful not to take from diseased plants. Additionally, note that if you’re using outdoor mums for cuttings, move them in the greenhouse first in mid-winter where the temperature is around 45°F.

Allow the plants to get healthy for about a month by maintaining the temperatures and keeping them hydrated. You can then get 3-inch stems as far down from your chrysanthemum by snapping them off or cutting with a clean knife. Depending on how many new plants you want, take thrice of the cuttings amount and then remove the lower leaves from each stem. 

After taking the cuttings, use a wooden box or shallow pot with perlite or any other sterile rooting material. This should be wet and has an inch and a half inside to receive each cutting. You can also dip each cutting in hormone rooting powder before planting. 

According to Utah State University, the ideal temperature for cuttings is 65°F, and you should protect them from harsh sunlight that you must cover them for a day or more if needed. The cuttings will thrive and root if they are in a cool place that is well-lit but not receiving direct sunlight. 

 

Propagating mums using divisions

The last method for rooting or propagating mums is by using divisions. This propagation technique is best after the last killing frost in spring. What’s excellent with mums is that you will find smaller plants surrounding the old plant, which you can later use to root. 

Lift your old plants from the soil and wash off the dirt to reveal the small plants, each with their own roots. This way, even if you can’t use the old plants anymore, you still have new mums for propagation. Among the three propagation methods, gardeners can say that rooting by division is the fastest of all. 

Another way to propagate by division is by digging out plants when new growth is about to emerge. Cut through the plant’s root mass to divide it in half and then repeat to make quarters. The sections you’ll get are new plants that you can start with. 

It will help if you remember that this method is best for existing fall mums. Therefore, the plants suitable for division are those that have established themselves at around two years. A promising sign is if the plants are around 6 to 8 inches tall. 

 

Conclusion

As time goes on, gardeners are finding more methods to root or propagate new plants. If you’re curious how to root mums, you can do it using seeds, cuttings, or divisions. The simplest method will be by seeds, but division is another easy propagation technique if you have existing fall mums. 

Regardless, all of these methods are straightforward as long as you follow the tips mentioned. Be careful with how you handle your plants and grow them in a greenhouse to keep them healthy in a consistent environment. 

 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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