How To Grow Hibiscus From Cuttings In 3 Steps

If you want to know how to grow hibiscus from cuttings, you’ll be pleased that it is as simple as three steps. You can always grow hibiscus from seeds, but propagating from cuttings is quicker and less demanding. However, both processes would be comfortable in the greenhouse if you want them to root without drawbacks for easier transplanting later on. 

According to the University of Minnesota Extension, hibiscus plants are generally easy to grow. Therefore, you shouldn’t feel intimidated to start these plants from cuttings. Being thorough with the tips below should ensure rooting and establishment in no time. 

 

How To Grow Hibiscus From Cuttings In 3 Steps

How To Grow Hibiscus From Cuttings For Success

 

Step #1. Taking cuttings

The first step is choosing the parent plant that will be your source of cuttings. Remember that you must select a healthy plant, and the cuttings themselves are free of any diseases and damages. You can also grow your favorite hibiscus varieties in the greenhouse to ensure that they are stress-free for cutting collection. 

Once you’ve chosen the parent plant and a stem of new growth or softwood, you can cut a 5-inch section with at least one node below a node. It might also be better to prepare the containers beforehand so your cuttings won’t have to wait for a long time. After all, the best time to plant the sections is immediately after collection. 

You can use any container as long as it has good drainage, and a common medium that gardeners use for hibiscus is a mix of sand and peat. It would be best if you moistened this medium as well before planting. After you have the containers with medium ready, you can take the cuttings in spring or early summer for softwood sections. 

 

Step #2. Preparation and planting

Before planting, make sure that you have removed all the leaves on your cuttings except those at the top. You can also trim the section’s bottom part below the leaf node. And like when preparing cuttings of most plants, you can dip the end in rooting hormone to hasten the root development. 

The best time to plant the cuttings is during spring, but you can also do it any time as long as you notice new growth. Stick the cutting into the medium and then backfill the space to support its stability. You may also find it easier to plant by sticking a finger in the middle of the pot as a guide to where you’ll place the cutting. 

 

Step #3. Maintenance and transplanting

Hibiscus cuttings can start forming roots within four to five weeks. However, proper maintenance should help you grow as fast as possible. As mentioned earlier, the moist medium is essential to help the cuttings develop. 

You can conserve moisture further by covering the pot with a plastic bag, but make sure that it won’t come in contact with the leaves. Place them somewhere with partial shade or inside the greenhouse to protect from fluctuating conditions. The maintenance you have to do is keeping the soil damp until they develop roots. 

You can repot the hibiscus plants when they rooted and provide diffused light on the plants to encourage growth further. It would help if you acclimated the hibiscus in the outdoor conditions first before you transplant them in the garden. Lastly, wait for new development and transplant the plants permanently in containers or the garden. 

 

Caring For Hibiscus

 

Location

As mentioned earlier, growing hibiscus in the greenhouse is useful if you want to ensure stable conditions. Remember that anything below 32°F will be problematic, and the best range for these plants is from 60 to 90°F. Freezing conditions would require you to use a greenhouse to protect hibiscus. 

The location itself should have full sunlight for better blooms. You can test the soil as well to check for its quality and fertility. And lastly, amend the ground to help it have better drainage using peat moss or compost.  

 

Water and fertilizer

Like most plants, adjust the amount and frequency of watering on your hibiscus plants depending on the climate. Remember that overwatering can kill hibiscus, but you must also water them well, especially during blooming. Those in containers should also receive more water. 

On the other hand, a high potassium fertilizer during the summer would help the blooms of your plants. As for maintenance, some gardeners provide feedings once a month. You may also boost your plants with a liquid fertilizer once a week.

 

Common problems

According to the University of Florida, the common pests you might encounter in growing hibiscus are aphids, mealybugs, and whiteflies. Always monitor your plants to address these insects as soon as possible to make population control easier. You can use horticultural oils to handle the pests, but be mindful of the pesticides you’ll use for more massive infestations.  

 

Conclusion

There are different ways to propagate hibiscus, but using cuttings might be the most convenient for those with existing plants. You can quickly learn how to grow hibiscus from cuttings in three steps, and those who have experience rooting other plants from cuttings should have no issues applying the same techniques. Choose a healthy parent plant and cut disease-free sections as you would with other plants. 

Remove the leaves except those at the top and dip the end of the section in the rooting hormone. Stick it in a moist medium and cover the pot with plastic until roots develop. You can also place the hibiscus cuttings inside the greenhouse to ensure stable conditions for quicker growth. 

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Sign up to our newsletter!