When To Plant Tomatoes In Kentucky For Success - Krostrade

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When To Plant Tomatoes In Kentucky For Success

If you’re unsure when to plant tomatoes in Kentucky, the best date would be from April to May. However, the days would vary depending on your area. For example, those in the west can plant on April 20, those in central Kentucky can start by May 5, and if you’re in the east, it should be around May 15. 

According to the University of Kentucky, planting for early or late fall is even a very profitable practice. The state can provide the ideal growing conditions for tomatoes, but greenhouse production will lead to a more extended marketing season. Greenhouse farmers even extend the growing season of tomatoes in the greenhouse by doing a two-crop rotation. 

More so, the greenhouse can prevent potential problems from the outdoor weather to ensure consistent and quality yield. 

When To Plant Tomatoes In Kentucky

Definitive Guide On When To Plant Tomatoes In Kentucky 

Tomatoes are annuals that require 8 hours of sunlight daily. It’s best to grow them in Kentucky from April to May because you want to avoid the danger of frost. If you’re not sure when ice will be over in your area, you can check your hardiness zone in addition to monitoring the fluctuating weather.

You already have an advantage in using a greenhouse because it will protect your crops from the freezing weather. Still, remember the planting dates and how they vary in every region of Kentucky. Those in the west get to start first on April 20, followed by central Kentucky on May 5, and eastern Kentucky on May 15. 

You can also stagger planting by doing it in intervals until June ends to be ready until the beginning of October. If you want to get your plants fruiting as early as possible, you can use the greenhouse and cover the young plants with blankets at night. However, it’s safer to start in the mentioned planting dates to prevent any drawbacks, especially if you’re only starting with tomato production. 

The safest date, in general, is early May for planting warm-season crops like tomatoes in Kentucky. You can also support your plants better by monitoring the greenhouse, including the ideal temperature for growing tomatoes. It would help to remember that if you used your hardiness zone for determining frost dates, it should only be a guide as the weather can be unpredictable. 

 

Planting Tomatoes In Kentucky

After getting your planting date for Kentucky, the next step is to plan your tomato garden. Start by selecting the right cultivar, preparing the site, and doing all tomatoes’ maintenance requirements. Tomatoes is one of those crops that you’ll get better with experience, so learn from other gardeners and apply their techniques until you find your own. 

 

Cultivar selection

To ensure the success of tomato production in Kentucky, you have to choose the cultivar suitable for your location. You might even have to check if you want to grow indeterminate or determinate varieties depending on the production style you want. More so, many heirlooms and hybrids also differ in characteristics. 

In general, you want to consider the growth habit, earliness of harvest, and fruit traits when choosing a plant. If you prefer having bush varieties for your greenhouse, determinate tomatoes are suitable for you. On the contrary, indeterminate tomatoes are advantageous because they fruit for a more extended season. 

 

Site preparation

Using a greenhouse saves you the trouble of facing potential problems from inconsistent temperatures and such. However, you must still choose a space in the greenhouse that is optimal for tomatoes’ growth. Tomatoes will thrive if they receive 8 hours of full sun, but it’s also crucial to monitor temperatures because this can affect their quality. 

To solve this, get an early crop before extreme heat and a second crop after the harsh heat has passed. You might also want to check the quality of the soil because tomatoes are heavy feeders. The ground should be well-draining and fertile to support the plants from planting to growing. 

 

Maintenance

Both granular and water-soluble fertilizer is suitable for tomatoes. As mentioned previously, the soil should also be nutrient-rich, so get it tested to make the nutrient level adjustments if needed. What about the water requirements of tomatoes?

You can water the plants once a week to keep the roots moist. The number of times can be more frequent, especially when the environment is drier than usual. And lastly, mulch your greenhouse to prevent weeds. 

How do you get your tomatoes to set fruit? The environmental conditions help with ripening. However, you can pinch off the tips of the stems of your indeterminate tomatoes in early summer to encourage flowering. 

 

Conclusion

Kentucky is an ideal state for growing tomatoes, and you can extend the growing and marketing season using a greenhouse. But do you know when to plant tomatoes in Kentucky for success?  The ideal time is in early May, but those in the west can start by April 20. 

You can also do an early crop before the extreme heat starts, and another crop after the intense heat has passed. Using a greenhouse, you can confidently maintain your tomatoes’ ideal conditions to support them from planting to harvesting. It can be daunting to learn about tomato production, but it is undoubtedly one of the most rewarding crops to grow. 

 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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