When To Plant Potatoes In Southern California

In case you’re trying to figure out when to plant potatoes in Southern California, the best time to do so is in February and August. If you’re aiming for a late spring harvest, you’ll need to do your potato planting in February. However, if you’re looking to reap harvest during late fall or early winter, you have to plant your potatoes in August.

When To Plant Potatoes In Southern California

What Is The Best Month To Plant Potatoes?

When you plant your potatoes in February, you get full advantage of Southern California’s rainy season – which means that you won’t have to water your plants that much. Aside from the fact that less watering is required, planting your potatoes in February won’t require you to closely monitor your plants.

 

What Can I Plant Now In Southern California?

If you’re itching to plants something right now in Southern California, you might want to start with summer vegetables that include pole beans, bush beans, kohlrabi, carrot, cucumber, sweet corn, melons, leaf lettuce, spinach, long-day onion, melons, mesclun, Swiss chard, turnip, pumpkin, parsnip, radish, and squash.

 

What Can I Plant In April In Southern California?

During the month of April, try sowing seeds of pole and bush beans. You may also try beets, sweet corn, carrots, lettuce, pumpkins, spinach, squash, radishes, onions, kohlrabi, cucumbers, melons, and Swiss chard.

 

How Do You Grow Potatoes In San Diego?

Although true seeds can be used to grow potatoes in San Diego, they can also be grown from pieces of the tuber. Aside from requiring consistently cool yet frost-free weather, they also need about 3 to four months to fully develop. In case you’re not aware, breeders managed to develop various seed varieties that are able to provide their growers with amazing benefits that include ease of storage and protection from diseases that are usually transmitted from one generation to the next.

Here are some of the tips you need to apply when you’re planting potatoes in “America’s Finest City”.

 

Use a loose, acidic, and well-drained soil

To make sure that your potatoes grow healthy, you need to make sure that they’re planted into a loose, acidic, and well-drained soil. Furthermore, they tend to grow best between pH 5.0 and pH 6.8. Keep in mind that potatoes become more susceptible to scab disease when their pH level is at 6.5 or higher.

 

Mix fertilizer before you plant the potatoes

Before anything else, you’ll need to mix in your organic or chemical fertilizer before you scatter it evenly over the soil’s surface. Next, make sure that you mix the fertilizer in 8 inches deep.

Organic fertilizers need to be mixed into the soil for about 2 to 4 weeks before you plant the potatoes. Moreover, to leach the excess salts that are found below the surface, you’ll need to irrigate the soil on a weekly basis.

When you’re using manure, it’s best to use a commercially composted product instead of fresh manure because the latter contains bacteria that can cause harm to your potatoes. However, if you’re using organic fertilizer, just apply it based on the directions of the label.

 

Cut whole seed potatoes into pieces

Compared to using pieces of tuber, it’s better to plant certified seed pieces because these are free from diseases. If you decide to purchase whole seed potatoes, you need to have them cut into pieces that are about 1.5 to 2 ounces. Before planting these cut pieces, they need to be placed at room temperature for about 1 to 3 days in order to dry out the cut surfaces.

 

Dust the callused pieces with a fungicide

As soon as the surfaces are dried, a callus, which is responsible for decreasing rotting, will begin to take form. You may choose to dust these pieces with the use of a fungicide. To do this, you’ll place about a dozen of these pieces in a bag and add a teaspoon of soil sulfur or any type of fungicide.

 

Plant the dry and callused pieces

Within 5 days after cutting, you’ll need to plant them.

 

Avoid planting potatoes too close to each other

When it comes to planting, you need to make sure that you provide your potatoes with enough space. Placing them too close together will only lead to soil compaction when the tubers are already trying to spread out.

Remember to prepare the soil in rows that are approximately 2 to 3 feet and where the soil can be hilled up as your precious potatoes are growing. While you’re at it, make sure that you plant your potatoes in areas where they can freely soak in the rays of the sun.

 

The Key Benefits of Growing Your Plants in a Greenhouse

Seasoned gardeners and horticulturists can attest to the wonderful benefits that greenhouses can offer including the ability to control temperature and humidity, as well as greater protection from extreme weather conditions, pests, and animals. In other words, you can never go wrong with greenhouse gardening. Let’s dive in to get a closer look at the benefits of greenhouse gardening:

 

It allows you to control the temperature and humidity

This is one of the best reasons why you should set up your own greenhouse. When you’re able to control the temperature and humidity inside the enclosure, you can cultivate the most demanding plants. This also means that you’ll be able to establish the optimal climatic conditions that are suitable for your plants’ stages of growth.

 

It improves the overall quality of your plants

Plants that are grown in greenhouses aren’t under a lot of stress compared to those that are grown outdoors. Since greenhouse gardening provides them with the most suitable environment for growth, the plants are able to flourish

 

It provides protection from harsh weather conditions

When you set up your own greenhouse, you won’t have to worry about exposing your plants to heavy rain, hail, snow, and strong winds. The structure provides your plants with the protection they need from extreme weather conditions.

 

It protects your plants from harmful bugs and animals

Unlike traditional outdoor gardening where plants easily fall prey to diseases, pests, and weeds, greenhouse gardening allows you to steer clear of these issues. Plants that grow under the cover of a greenhouse are shielded from harmful insects and animals that can stunt their growth or damage them completely.

 

When To Plant Potatoes In Southern California Greenhouses

Knowing when to plant potatoes in Southern California is crucial to producing the harvest that you’re looking to reap. However, taking your gardening experience to the next level may mean growing your potatoes in a greenhouse. If you’re planning to embark on a greenhouse gardening journey, check out Krostrade’s top-quality, strong, and durable greenhouses today!

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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