How To Trim Coleus. The Best Technique You Need - Krostrade

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How To Trim Coleus. The Best Technique You Need

If you want to know how to trim coleus correctly, you only need to learn pinching. The technique itself shouldn’t intimidate you, even if you’re a beginner gardener, because you only need to remember a few tips. More so, take comfort with the fact that the University of Florida dubbed coleus as hard to kill. 

Ensuring the proper care and maintenance practices of coleus is crucial to keep them happy and to perform better. If the plants stay healthy and stress-free, you can help yourself propagate coleus to your heart’s content. You can also consider keeping the plants in a protective environment, such as the greenhouse if the current climate is challenging. 

 

How To Trim Coleus. The Best Technique You Need

How To Trim Coleus Correctly

Knowing how to trim coleus properly will benefit the plant’s health and overall look. Remember that coleus is one of those plants that will thrive best if you frequently pinch it back while still growing. In turn, this will encourage better foliage growth compared to leaving the growing stems be. 

Besides pinching, you can also help the plants to have an extended blooming period if you remove the faded flowers. This will help rejuvenate the plant and prevent seeding that can affect flower development during the season. However, it’s important to note that some varieties don’t require these practices to branch and produce flowers. 

 

Pinching

 

For branching

The only technique that you have to master to learn how to trim coleus is pinching. You can use your thumb and index finger to do this on the stem above a node. Choose one that has an axillary bud and where the leaves meet the stem to encourage branching.

 

For rejuvenation

You can also continue to pinch your coleus plants’ growing tips if you notice that an area is looking leggy. As mentioned previously, you want to squeeze where an axillary bud is present to ensure that the plant will grow new shoots. Pinch back to a leaf node to rejuvenate spindly growth. 

 

For recovery

Pinching is also useful for the leaves of your coleus plants. If your plant has been infested by pests or is undergoing a disease, you can pinch off the affected leaves to slow down the problem’s progression. Do this practice in addition to the treatment and isolation practices you’re doing for the pests or disease. 

 

For growth

Do you need to pinch the flower spikes of coleus plants? Some gardeners pinch back to a leaf node when they notice these flower spikes. The reason behind this is to prevent seeding and save the plant more energy for growth instead. 

Lastly, don’t forget to water your coleus plants every time you pinch them. The soil must always be moist but not soggy to help the plant recover from pinching. 

 

How To Maintain And Care For Coleus

Besides trimming, you must always check your coleus plants’ maintenance practices and conditions to keep them happy and healthy.  If you are just starting these plants, you want to start them indoors and wait for the weather to warm up outdoors before transplanting. Perhaps the most significant nemesis of these plants is cold temperature. 

 

Ideal location

You can easily keep coleus in the greenhouse, especially if your area experiences challenging and extreme climates. Choose an area that provides shade and keeps the plants in fertile and well-draining soil. The spacing isn’t a problem with these plants because you can keep them close even in containers. 

In general, coleus will be happy somewhere hot and humid. Use these conditions as signs of when to propagate the plant as well. Remember that frost will damage the plants, so any practice like propagation is suitable under warm conditions. 

What to do with coleus in winter? Overwintering in the greenhouse is necessary for these tender annuals. You can repot them or dig up the plants every winter to protect them from the cold temperatures. 

 

Water and fertilizer

Like most plants, moist soil is necessary for coleus health. Make the necessary adjustments depending on the climate and location to ensure that you aren’t overwatering or underwatering your plants. You don’t want to keep them in soggy soil, leading to root rot and other diseases.

On the other hand, you can encourage growth in spring and summer by feeding the plants with diluted fertilizer. Doing a soil check would also be helpful to check the nutrients and avoid problems. Remember that overfertilizing can affect the color of the coleus leaves.

 

Common problems

The great thing about coleus plants is that they are not prone to diseases and pests. However, be mindful of the conditions and their stability to avoid problems like scale, mealybugs, and whiteflies. An unstable, extreme, and fluctuating environment can also lead to mildew and other fungal diseases. 

 

Conclusion

Coleus is generally easy to maintain, but they will benefit from certain practices. For example, if you know how to trim coleus properly, you can reap as many as four benefits. First, pinching your plants’ stems can encourage branching, while pinching the growing tips rejuvenates leggy areas.

On the other hand, you can pinch leaf nodes if they are infested by insects or infected by diseases. You can also pinch the plant’s flower spikes if you want to prevent seeding. This way, the plant saves more energy and continue growing instead. 

 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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