How to Propagate Dogwood Trees: 3 Simple Methods - Krostrade

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How to Propagate Dogwood Trees: 3 Simple Methods

If you’re trying to learn how to propagate dogwood trees (Cornus florida), you’ll be glad to know that the entire process is as easy as it is inexpensive. In fact, we guarantee that you won’t have a hard time growing a good number of dogwood trees in your own backyard and sharing a few more of these with your friends. You probably can’t wait to see your dogwood trees show off their gorgeous pink and white blooms during springtime.

 

3 Ways to Propagate Dogwood Trees

Classified as deciduous trees because they shed their leaves every year, dogwood trees tend to grow up to 30 feet tall and spread up to 35 feet in plant hardiness zones 5 to 9. Furthermore, these can be grown from seed, cuttings, as well as layering.

 

Method #1: Cuttings

You can propagate dogwood trees from both softwood or hardwood cuttings. Experts say that 3-inch terminal shoot tips with two sets of leaves make the best cuttings. Compared to other methods, your dogwood trees can root best when they’re grown from cuttings that are taken at the right time of the year.

In case you’re wondering, the right time to take softwood cuttings is during the summer. While you’re at it, be sure to take softwood cuttings from flexible branches that can snap when you bend them.

On the other hand, the best time to take hardwood cuttings is in the winter. Make sure that you take these cuttings from hardened branches that have lost their flexibility.

Keep in mind that not all of your dogwood cuttings will become successful. For this reason, experienced gardeners recommend planting several cuttings instead of just a few.

Be sure to dip the cut ends in rooting hormone before you bury them in a pot that’s filled with rooting medium. Keep your cuttings moist and shield them from direct sunlight before they establish themselves. Although you’ll notice their roots developing within 4 to 8 weeks, it’s always a good idea to grow your new plants in a protected environment such as a semi pro greenhouse and wait until the next spring before you can plant them outdoors.

 

Method #2: Layering

Compared to using cuttings, you’ll have a greater chance of success if you use the layering method. To do this, you need to take a flexible branch and bend it low enough until a portion of the branch is touching the ground. That particular portion is notched and treated with rooting hormone before it gets buried in the ground.

Meanwhile, the branch’s leafy end should extend above the ground to become the top of the new dogwood tree as soon as the buried branch begins to develop its roots. The layering method is best used with dormant wood during the early part of spring or with mature wood in the late summer. Be sure to keep the soil around the buried branch soft and moist until you begin to see the roots developing within a span of several months. By early autumn or the next spring, you can cut away the rooted sections from the parent plants before you plant them in another location.

 

Method #3. Seeds

Although the seeds of dogwood hybrids are mostly sterile, you can easily find viable ones in gardening stores. However, you can also choose to gather seeds from non-hybrid dogwood trees that are growing in the wild.

Keep in mind that dogwood trees need plenty of time for the stratification period before they start to germinate. When you want your seeds to germinate in March or April, you need to sow them outdoors in September or October.

You need to start your dogwood seeds in containers and keep them in a controlled environment for several months because newly-sprouted dogwood plants are weak and vulnerable to the sun and wind. When they become stronger, you may take them out of the protected environment and plant them outdoors.

Be sure to bury the seeds that are started in containers in a moist growing medium and place them at 35˚ to 41˚F for about 120 days for the stratification period. Next, you need to warm the seeds to about 60˚ to 80˚F to break its dormancy and promote germination.

 

What are the Things that You Need to Consider When Propagating Dogwood Trees?

Regardless of your choice of propagation method, the process of starting dogwood trees can take a lot of time. In most cases, growers have to wait for several months before they see a viable plant developing after they perform the layering method. Moreover, the germination process takes more than a year to complete if you start them from seeds.

However, it’s important to note that experts don’t recommend gathering seeds from a neighbor’s dogwood hybrid unless you’re willing to end up growing something else other than the true copy of the parent tree. Seasoned gardening enthusiasts create hybrids to duplicate and maximize the parent plant’s specific traits that include flower production, as well as disease resistance.

 

Propagate Your Dogwood Trees in a Semi Pro Greenhouse!

Growing your dogwood trees in a semi pro greenhouse is one of the best decisions you could make. Aside from giving your tender dogwood plants with the protection that they need from harsh weather conditions, destructive pests, as well as harmful animals, it also allows you to manipulate the temperature and moisture levels in the enclosed space. Set up your own semi pro greenhouse to experience its wonderful benefits.

 

Final Thoughts on How to Propagate Dogwood Trees

Now that you know how to propagate dogwood trees, consider growing them in your very own semi pro greenhouse. Try your hand at greenhouse gardening today.

 

 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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