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How To Prepare Daylilies For Winter. Best Guide

If you want to know how to prepare daylilies for winter, you can simplify it into two steps. This article will also discuss the other practices you can do to these perennials to help them handle the cold season. Daylilies may be rugged, but knowing how to care for them in the winter is advantageous in the long run. 

Those who grow daylilies in pots may have an easier time transitioning to the cold weather. Either way, you can always use a greenhouse to shelter your plants if your region experiences harsh winters. You should also check the varieties that you’re growing to ensure that they will thrive in your location. 

 

How To Prepare Daylilies For Winter. Best Guide

How To Prepare Daylilies For Winter Successfully

Before anything else, it’s worth clarifying a common misconception with the terminologies related to daylilies. You have probably seen information about digging their bulbs for overwintering; however, the correct term here is that these bulbs are the tuberous roots of the daylilies themselves. These tubers are what you’ll dig for preparing daylilies for winter. 

 

Step #1. Digging

The first step in preparing daylilies for winter is cutting the plants by the end of fall. You want to prune the daylilies close to the ground when their foliage turns brown, typically after the flowering period. This way, the dead foliage won’t compete with the energy source of the plant.

You can then dig out the tubers by loosening the soil around the perimeter of the daylily plant. Remember to allocate some space away from the clump to prevent hitting and damaging the tubers. You can then pull the tubers from the soil by gently loosening them with a trowel.

 

Step #2. Tuber preparation

Before you keep the tubers in a protected and stable location like the greenhouse, you must prepare them first. This will prevent diseases and their potential transmission among the tubers. You can simply use your fingers to brush off the soil from the tubers and shake the roots to remove the soil in them as well. 

However, don’t be tempted to wash the tubers because this will potentially encourage rot. You must also check for any signs of damages among the tubers and separate them. You shouldn’t include unhealthy and shriveled roots in the daylilies that you’ll overwinter as well.

You can put the tubers in a cardboard box with peat moss and then cover each layer with peat moss once more. Place the box somewhere cool and dry with adequate ventilation to prevent rot and fungal growth. You can use the greenhouse for this, but always check the tubers for damaged ones and remove them immediately.

 

Pruning Daylilies For Winter

Besides overwintering the tubers, pruning the daylilies themselves is part of winter care, as you have briefly read earlier. You want to prune the dead foliage and cut the plants close to the ground by fall. You can also just leave the brown foliage in your plants and remove them by spring in some areas. 

When pruning daylilies, don’t forget to use sharp and sterilized tools. Remember that plants are at risk for diseases during pruning, and diseases and pests are easily transmissible. You want to soak your tools for at least an hour in a bleach solution and then let them air dry before using.

 

Semi-evergreen vs evergreen daylilies

Another consideration when preparing daylilies for winter is their type. For example, classify your plants into semi-evergreen and evergreen daylilies as they have different suitable practices for the cold season. Semi-evergreen daylilies tend to lose their foliage in the winter, while evergreen daylilies, from the name itself, will always be green amidst the cold season. 

You may also notice the decline in your semi-evergreen daylilies during the freezing periods in fall before going dormant by the beginning of winter. During dormancy, you will see these plants as sprouts that will get active in spring. Therefore, you must maintain these daylilies by removing the dead leaves around the sprouts.

Evergreen daylilies will also slow down in growth during winter, but their foliage will remain green. However, it’s better to keep them in the greenhouse if your area experience freezing temperatures as they will damage the daylilies into mush. Like your care for semi-evergreen daylilies, you must also get rid of the damaged or decaying foliage of evergreen daylilies during winter.

 

How To Mulch Daylilies For Winter

After pruning daylilies, you must also mulch their beds for wintering. You can use two inches of leaf mulch and replace it per year as it will rot. More so, remember to stop feeding and watering your daylilies in preparation for winter to encourage them to go dormant.

 

Conclusion

Growing plants year-round should be comfortable if you know how to provide winter care. Regardless if you have semi-evergreen or evergreen types, learning how to prepare daylilies for winter is vital to help your plants cope during this season. You can encourage your plants to undergo dormancy, but you must also learn how to store tubers, prune the plants in the fall, and mulch the daylilies as part of their winter regimen. 

Digging up the tubers and storing them is no different than what you’ll do with other tuberous plants. You can use a greenhouse or any dry and cool place for storage. More so, you must remove the brown foliage of your plants and mulch the ground before winter starts.

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How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

Want to know how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds? Marigold flowers are a mainstay in most of the gardens. They bloom beautiful flowers all season long and they’re easy to grow from seed. Knowing how to save marigold seeds is essential if you want to continue growing them the next season.

Fortunately, harvesting marigold seeds are quite quick and easy. You only need to take the seeds from the flowers and let them air dry before storing them during the winter season. You can pack it up with a container or seed packets to save even more for the next growing season. Some of the marigold flowers are edible and best to mix in your salads to add a distinct flavor to it.

 

Tools You’ll Need to Harvest Marigold Flowers

The tools you’ll need to harvest marigold flowers include a basket or other available containers that can be used in harvesting flowers. You’ll also need some paper towels, a sharp knife, a pair of scissors, or gardening shears.

Since you need to evaluate or describe the process, get yourself some notes. Seed packets can be envelopes or closed-air containers excluding plastic containers and bags.

 

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Here’s how you can harvest marigold plants for flower arrangements and bouquets:

 

Letting Marigold Flowers Dry

It’s important to wait until the right time to collect marigold seeds. You can harvest the seeds when the petals are dry already (when the base of each flower turning brownish). However, make sure there’s still is a bit of green color left in the base of the bloom. If you also wait until it is completely turned brown, it may start to rot or mold. It’s important to wait for the perfect time to harvest marigolds since the timing is crucial to have the right quality of marigold seeds.

Tip in harvesting: While you are harvesting, simply cut each marigold flower heads using your cutting equipment or either pinch it with your finger. However, be sure not to pull the flowers as it can harm the roots of your marigolds.

 

Opening the Marigold

Get your paper towel and set it on a flat surface. After, hold each bloom’s base, pull-off, and discard the petals and leaves of it. Then, you will easily notice the attached seeds inside the base. In the meantime, set the prepared blooms on your paper towels for bulk removal of seeds. You may also use larger towels to manage and accommodate the abundant blooms of your marigolds.

 

Removal of Marigold Seeds

Marigold seeds are likely to have a long, slender, and pointed appearance. Divided ends with black color and white color on the opposite edge. Gather your blooms, pull-off all petals, and leaves, and start pulling the seeds from the base. After getting all marigold seeds, discard the base in a single place like in bins or garbage bags. After sorting, put another paper towel on another flat surface and spread the pulled marigold seeds on it.

 

Drying of Seeds

As mentioned above, let your marigold seeds air dry for about a week in an uncovered paper towel. It will enable them to be preserved even in frost season and will prevent it from getting rot and mold.

 

Seed Storing

After drying the seeds, gather them and start placing them inside your seed packets to prolong their lifespan and will still be used after the frost date. Do not use plastic bags in storing your marigold seeds because it will retain residual moisture, which will affect your marigold seeds and even get rot and mold. To avoid forgetting about your marigold seeds, put a label on it to prevent possible disposal if unlabeled.

 

Using Stored Seeds for Replanting

After storing your collected marigold seeds, it is perfect to plant during the growing season. You can enjoy once again the benefits of it from house beautification to an edible ingredient for your salad.

 

Facts about Marigold Flowers

Marigolds are especially good for repelling insects and pests, making them companion plant for tomatoes, eggplants, tomatoes, and chili pepper because of its pungent scent of some variety. It is amazing having this kind of flow in your plant, imagine you don’t only have a beautiful attractive garden but having also a very natural insect and pest repellent that will protect your plants from any abrogation.

African marigolds have larger flower heads on plants that grow from 10 to 36 inches tall. While French marigolds are smaller and bushier, having only two inches of flower head across on plants and only having six to eighteen inches height. Sizes and colors vary on its classification, having a mixed combination is pretty great, will also add more pleasant and abundant color to your garden.

 

The Benefits of Growing Marigolds in a Greenhouse

Have you ever thought of growing your marigolds in a greenhouse? If you haven’t, it’s time to consider getting a greenhouse.

Greenhouses are great for keeping your marigolds safe from pests and diseases. Marigolds are susceptible to insects and blight, such as caterpillars, aphids, leaf spots, and mildews. You can lower the risk of plant damage by growing your marigolds in a greenhouse.

Additionally, greenhouses can also keep your plants safe from bad weather that could easily damage your flowers.

 

Final Thoughts on How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Knowing how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds is crucial if you’re planning to plant them in your garden. These beautiful flowers that usually come in yellow and orange colors are a great addition to any garden or flower arrangement.

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