A Guide on How to Harvest Echinacea - Krostrade

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A Guide on How to Harvest Echinacea

Echinacea (also called as the coneflower) is a perfect addition to your garden. If you’re wondering how to harvest Echinacea, this article outlines the ins and outs of successfully planting and harvesting coneflowers.

A Guide on How to Harvest Echinacea

Sowing or Transplanting

You can either transplant Echinacea or sow them directly to the garden bed. If you prefer to start from seeds, you can initially grow them indoors for six to eight weeks before the last frost in your area, or you can sow them into the ground during fall or winter. However, remember that it may take two years to see your plants bloom.

Fortunately, you can find Echinacea in almost any local garden store. It’s cheaper compared to other types of garden flowers, but it’s just as beautiful.


Transplanting and Germination

Most coneflower seeds may need cold stratification for about a month to successfully produce flowers. Cold stratification is the process of placing your seeds in cold conditions to encourage germination.

However, Echinacea often takes a while to germinate, so you can’t expect results overnight. Your seeds will start to sprout in about 20 days.

Sow your seeds at an inch deep with a soil temperature of around 68 degrees F and make sure the soil is moist but not wet. Once the seedlings are three inches tall, thin them down and harden them before transplanting into your garden, only transfer your plants when the last frost has passed, and the soil temperature is at least 60 degrees F.


Sun and Soil Needs

Echinacea thrives best in neutral pH soil (6.0 to 7.0). You can also add fresh compost right before you sow the seeds. Coneflowers are very easy to grow. In fact, they can even survive in dry, rocky soil. But as with other types of plants, Echinacea grows best in well-drained and fertile soil.


Caring for Echinacea

Even though Echinacea is low-maintenance, this garden flower still needs a bit of TLC. Here’s what you should know about taking care of coneflowers:



These plants can grow even in extreme heat. However, if you live in places with really hot summers, it’s better to plant your Echinacea in partially shaded areas.



If some of your flowers are drooping and watering doesn’t do the trick, it may be best to prune limp and dead flowers. In this way, more flowers will bloom, and you’ll avoid the aggressive spreading of wilting or any diseases.



Coneflowers are one of a handful of garden plants that can tolerate drought. But for the best results, they still need to be watered regularly. If you live in rainy areas, you might not need to water Echinacea as much as you should during hot, dry summer seasons.



Placing compost around the base of your coneflowers encourages healthy plant growth. You can add fertilizer around your plants at least twice during the first growing season.


Harvesting Echinacea

The best way to harvest Echinacea flowers for decorating is by cutting stems. As you frequently cut and harvest, your plants will bloom all season.

If you’re planning to use it for tea, harvest the growing leaves by cutting a handful from each plant. You can make tea using fresh leaves, or you can dry them and store them in your pantry.

If you want to harvest the roots, you can gently dig around the drip line of your coneflower and carefully take the plant out of the soil. Cut the roots free – you can take a portion of the roots and place the plant back into the ground.


Why Grow Echinacea in a Greenhouse?

While Echinacea is lovely to look at in any outdoor garden, there are several reasons why you should plant them inside a greenhouse, such as:


Protect your flowers from pests and diseases

Leaf miners, Japanese beetles, vine weevils, aphids, eriophyid mites, and sweet potato whiteflies are some of the harmful pests that can damage your Echinacea plants. These pests can also bring diseases like powdery mildew, gray mold, aster yellows, stem rot, and bacterial spots. Keeping your plants inside a sealed yet well-ventilated greenhouse keeps them safe from pests and diseases.


Keep your coneflowers safe from inclement weather

Storms, hail, and blizzards can wipe out your garden in an instant. By placing them inside a greenhouse, it’ll be easier for gardeners like you to grow plants under unpredictable climates.


Great for people without garden space

If you want to grow fresh produce or flowers like Echinacea, but you have limited space, a mini greenhouse is a great alternative. Thanks to its compact size, you can place a mini greenhouse on balconies, patios, decks, and sometimes even on tabletops.


Start planting earlier than usual

With a mini greenhouse, you can start planting coneflowers even before the cold season begins. As soon as the danger of frost has passed, you can plant your Echinacea into your garden.


Final Thoughts on How to Harvest Echinacea

Once you know how to harvest Echinacea, you’ll be able to grow them in your backyard or mini greenhouse. Echinacea has medicinal properties, you can use the leaves to make tea, and you can use fresh flowers to decorate your home. With the benefits and uses that come with coneflowers, there’s no reason why you shouldn’t plant them.


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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.


Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.


What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.


What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.


Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.


West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.


Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.


Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:


Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.


Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.


Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.


Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.



Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.



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