How To Grow Mums From Cutting The Best Techniques - Krostrade

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How To Grow Mums From Cutting The Best Techniques

It takes two steps to learn how to grow mums from cutting. In general, there are three propagation methods for mums, but using cuttings offers an easy way to clone these plants. You can also divide mums to create copies of the parent plant, but understandably, some gardeners would have a more comfortable time using cuttings. 

The great thing with mums is that they are generally hardy plants, so there are fewer chances for mistakes or problems when growing them. They are best for growing zones 5 to 9, and you can also cultivate them in the greenhouse to avoid harsh weather if needed. It’s worth noting that using a stable environment like the greenhouse can help the cuttings establish themselves and get vigorous enough for transplanting outdoors. 

 

How To Grow Mums From Cutting For Beginners

It’s safe to say that propagating mums from cuttings is beginner-friendly. More so, mums will bloom within months if you root them from cuttings. You can guarantee that the resulting plants are exact copies of the parent you chose, which is a great way to have more of your favorite varieties in the garden. 

 

Step #1. Collecting and preparing cuttings

 

Preparing the parent plant

Regardless of the species, you should always make sure that your parent plant is healthy before propagation. This will prevent stress, and it can recover quickly after you collected the stems. If you live in a challenging location, it would be sensible to grow the parent plants in the greenhouse so they’ll be strong enough when you take the cuttings.

Additionally, don’t forget to prepare the parent plant by watering it as much as 4 inches deep at night for cutting the next morning. When is the best time to collect cuttings on mums? You want to check for the absence of buds and flowers in late spring to early summer

 

Gathering cuttings

A 3-inch section should do well for planting as long as it is leafy and not woody. Use a sharp and sterilized pruning shear and cut at ⅛ inches below a pair of leaves at the stem’s end. Then, remove all the leaves at the lower half of the cutting, leaving only those at top. 

 

Preparing the cutting

An excellent characteristic of a mum cutting is that you can use a rooting hormone or not, but it will still root. Of course, treating the cuttings with hormones will make the establishment faster. Check the specific instructions of your rooting powder and always practice sanitary measures to prevent diseases among the plants. 

 

Step #2. Planting and maintenance

 

What’s the best medium for growing mum cuttings?

According to Pennsylvania State University, you can choose from vermiculite, sphagnum moss, or moist sand as the medium for mum cuttings. Some gardeners also use perlite, but regardless of the medium you choose, they should possess a significant trait. Before even taking the cuttings, prepare the rooting containers with the medium for them.

The medium should be moist to encourage the cutting’s growth, so you can saturate the medium with water and let it drain from the bottom of the pot as preparation. You can then insert the cutting an inch deep or up to the lowest of leaves. It can take as fast as a week or four for the mums to root, but the emphasis is necessary on maintaining the medium’s moisture without overwatering. 

 

How to care for mum cuttings to encourage rooting?

You can mist the cuttings to prevent overwatering and continuously check the surface if it’s dry and need watering. The greenhouse also makes an excellent location for the rooting pots because their cuttings will grow well with bright yet indirect sunlight. Much like all cuttings, please make sure the mums don’t receive harsh and direct light that will dry them out. 

To check if the cuttings have grown roots, you can gently tug the base for resistance. It’s also essential to always pinch the top 1.5-inch growth from them every two weeks or so if you want your mums to grow bushy. You can stop this practice in the middle of summer to encourage budding. 

 

Transplanting Mums

A good tip to know if mums are ready for transplanting is if their roots are around 1.5 inches long. You can space the mums 18 to 24 inches apart at a hole twice the size of their roots and plant them in early spring after the danger of frost has passed. You can also plant six weeks before any extreme climate conditions or continue growing them in the greenhouse to avoid damage from these challenges. 

Outdoor or not, mums should get 6 hours of light in a fertile and well-draining loam or sand. Afterward, you don’t need to do much maintenance besides watering as needed and fertilizing in the growing season before they form buds. You can also prune them from late spring and deadhead to encourage healthy growth and blooms. 

 

Conclusion

Do you want a beautiful yet easy-to-grow flowering plant? If so, you might get interested in how to grow mums from cutting. These low-maintenance flowering plants allow cuttings in late spring to early summer. 

They will root easily without the need for a rooting hormone, and given that the medium and environment are optimal, they should grow within weeks. There are no other specific maintenance requirements to encourage rooting, and transplanting them is easy as long as the climate isn’t harsh. 

 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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