How To Grow Mums From Cutting The Best Techniques

It takes two steps to learn how to grow mums from cutting. In general, there are three propagation methods for mums, but using cuttings offers an easy way to clone these plants. You can also divide mums to create copies of the parent plant, but understandably, some gardeners would have a more comfortable time using cuttings. 

The great thing with mums is that they are generally hardy plants, so there are fewer chances for mistakes or problems when growing them. They are best for growing zones 5 to 9, and you can also cultivate them in the greenhouse to avoid harsh weather if needed. It’s worth noting that using a stable environment like the greenhouse can help the cuttings establish themselves and get vigorous enough for transplanting outdoors. 

 

How To Grow Mums From Cutting For Beginners

It’s safe to say that propagating mums from cuttings is beginner-friendly. More so, mums will bloom within months if you root them from cuttings. You can guarantee that the resulting plants are exact copies of the parent you chose, which is a great way to have more of your favorite varieties in the garden. 

 

Step #1. Collecting and preparing cuttings

 

Preparing the parent plant

Regardless of the species, you should always make sure that your parent plant is healthy before propagation. This will prevent stress, and it can recover quickly after you collected the stems. If you live in a challenging location, it would be sensible to grow the parent plants in the greenhouse so they’ll be strong enough when you take the cuttings.

Additionally, don’t forget to prepare the parent plant by watering it as much as 4 inches deep at night for cutting the next morning. When is the best time to collect cuttings on mums? You want to check for the absence of buds and flowers in late spring to early summer

 

Gathering cuttings

A 3-inch section should do well for planting as long as it is leafy and not woody. Use a sharp and sterilized pruning shear and cut at ⅛ inches below a pair of leaves at the stem’s end. Then, remove all the leaves at the lower half of the cutting, leaving only those at top. 

 

Preparing the cutting

An excellent characteristic of a mum cutting is that you can use a rooting hormone or not, but it will still root. Of course, treating the cuttings with hormones will make the establishment faster. Check the specific instructions of your rooting powder and always practice sanitary measures to prevent diseases among the plants. 

 

Step #2. Planting and maintenance

 

What’s the best medium for growing mum cuttings?

According to Pennsylvania State University, you can choose from vermiculite, sphagnum moss, or moist sand as the medium for mum cuttings. Some gardeners also use perlite, but regardless of the medium you choose, they should possess a significant trait. Before even taking the cuttings, prepare the rooting containers with the medium for them.

The medium should be moist to encourage the cutting’s growth, so you can saturate the medium with water and let it drain from the bottom of the pot as preparation. You can then insert the cutting an inch deep or up to the lowest of leaves. It can take as fast as a week or four for the mums to root, but the emphasis is necessary on maintaining the medium’s moisture without overwatering. 

 

How to care for mum cuttings to encourage rooting?

You can mist the cuttings to prevent overwatering and continuously check the surface if it’s dry and need watering. The greenhouse also makes an excellent location for the rooting pots because their cuttings will grow well with bright yet indirect sunlight. Much like all cuttings, please make sure the mums don’t receive harsh and direct light that will dry them out. 

To check if the cuttings have grown roots, you can gently tug the base for resistance. It’s also essential to always pinch the top 1.5-inch growth from them every two weeks or so if you want your mums to grow bushy. You can stop this practice in the middle of summer to encourage budding. 

 

Transplanting Mums

A good tip to know if mums are ready for transplanting is if their roots are around 1.5 inches long. You can space the mums 18 to 24 inches apart at a hole twice the size of their roots and plant them in early spring after the danger of frost has passed. You can also plant six weeks before any extreme climate conditions or continue growing them in the greenhouse to avoid damage from these challenges. 

Outdoor or not, mums should get 6 hours of light in a fertile and well-draining loam or sand. Afterward, you don’t need to do much maintenance besides watering as needed and fertilizing in the growing season before they form buds. You can also prune them from late spring and deadhead to encourage healthy growth and blooms. 

 

Conclusion

Do you want a beautiful yet easy-to-grow flowering plant? If so, you might get interested in how to grow mums from cutting. These low-maintenance flowering plants allow cuttings in late spring to early summer. 

They will root easily without the need for a rooting hormone, and given that the medium and environment are optimal, they should grow within weeks. There are no other specific maintenance requirements to encourage rooting, and transplanting them is easy as long as the climate isn’t harsh. 

 

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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