How to Grow Calibrachoa Plants - Krostrade

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How to Grow Calibrachoa Plants

Have you ever wondered how to grow calibrachoa? Calibrachoa, also known as million bells, are beautiful plants that look much like small petunias. These plants reproduce well even in warm climates. In fact, you can grow calibrachoa all year round in the U.S. Department of Agriculture plant zones 9 to 11. For those who live in other regions, you can grow calibrachoa as annuals.

 

How to Grow Calibrachoa Best Way

What You Should Know About Growing Calibrachoa

Calibrachoa flowers are undoubtedly beautiful, especially when they bloom in different colors. It’s no wonder why gardeners want to learn how to grow calibrachoa. You can grow a million bells from seed, but cuttings are among the most popular methods. It usually takes 60 days for millions of bells cuttings to mature, so make sure to harvest them in time.

Here’s what you should know about growing calibrachoa:

 

Cuttings

The best calibrachoa cuttings are taken during spring from the healthiest million bells plant in your garden. Cut three inches (at an angle) just below the leaf, and the best time to do so is in the morning when the moisture level is at its peak. Keep in mind that some calibrachoa only grows three inches tall, so you may have to cut them close to the soil.

Potting Soil and Container

Place the cuttings in a three-inch diameter pot. They shouldn’t need a bigger pot because these cuttings only need little water. A large container will hold excess water, which can stunt root development and lead to root rot.

For many gardeners, their first choice of potting soil is the organic and nutrient-rich variant. However, this can actually do more harm than good. Fungi and rotting are more likely to develop in organic potting soil if they’re kept in an enclosed space without much ventilation.

It’s better to use a soilless medium for without organic matter or nutrients so there’ll be fewer chances of problems. You’ll need to feed your cuttings every 14 days after the roots develop, but you’re more likely to have a successful rooting if you use a soilless medium. Be sure to keep your potting medium moist.

 

Prep

Remove all the leaves except the ones at the top of the stem. Pull the leaves at an upward motion to avoid damaging the stem. Add a rooting compound to the lower part of the stem so the roots will grow faster and stronger.

 

Sticking

Sticking refers to the process of placing the cuttings into the soil. Refrain from pushing them into the soil because you’ll risk damaging the stem. You’ll need to make a two-inch hole in the center of the pot and gently insert the cutting. Cover it with soil, so it stands upright.

 

Humidity

For a successful rooting, calibrachoa cuttings need high humidity. You can increase humidity by using a clear plastic bottle. Cut the bottom of the bottle and place it over your cuttings. Place the plant in a partially shaded area and remove the cover once the stem starts to grow.

 

Problems That Commonly Occur When You’re Growing Calibrachoa

Many gardeners overwater their cuttings. Instead, you can mist the potting medium to reduce the risk of excess moisture.

Another common problem is iron deficiency. If you notice that the leaves are slightly yellow, you can add extra iron. However, make sure to observe sanitary practices when doing so to prevent transmitting diseases to your cuttings.

Calibrachoa plants tend to become leggy if they’re placed in high light areas. Be sure to pinch your plants before they get woody so you’ll get compact million bells.

 

Growing Calibrachoa in Mini Greenhouses

Your calibrachoa cuttings need to be placed in a controlled environment for higher chances of success. A mini greenhouse is a perfect solution for propagating calibrachoa cuttings. Here are some of the reasons why:

 

Protect your cuttings from pests

Fungus gnats and aphids are the most common insects that attack calibrachoa plants. If left unattended, these pests can be devastating. You can keep your plants safe from harmful insects by placing them inside a mini greenhouse.

 

Perfect for people with limited garden space

Want to grow your own calibrachoa plants but don’t have enough garden space? This is a common problem among people who live in apartments, small spaces, etc. A small greenhouse kit is a perfect solution if you want to grow your own flowers. The standard size of mini greenhouses is around six feet, but there are smaller options as well. You can place them on your balconies, patios, decks, and even on tabletops.

 

Keep your calibrachoa cuttings safe from bad weather

Small greenhouse kits are great for shielding your plants from bad weather. The enclosed space protects them from snow, frost, high winds, and heavy rains. They’ll grow happily inside the greenhouse, and you can transplant them into your garden once the weather warms.

 

Final Thoughts on How to Grow Calibrachoa

Knowing how to grow calibrachoa is important if you want to feast your eyes on these beautiful and colorful flowers. Although these plants are easy to grow, you can still increase your chances of success if you make sure that you start with numerous cuttings from the healthiest calibrachoa plants.

 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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