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How Does Temperature Affect Plant Growth

Those who are curious about how does temperature affect plant growth can list four areas where temperature plays a significant role. Remember that as a grower, you must learn the various factors affecting your plants. Perhaps this is one of the benefits of growing plants in the greenhouse because you can control the temperature indoors; therefore, you can avoid drawbacks in plant growth. 

According to a 2015 study, the temperature is even the primary factor that affects plant development. With this in mind, you must understand the four areas below and adjust according to your plants’ needs and requirements when growing them. You will only make the most out of your plants if you can support their needs for growth.

 

How Does Temperature Affect Plant Growth

How Temperature Affects Plant Growth

 

Factor #1. Processes

The most straightforward answer to why temperature influences plant growth is because of how it plays a role in a plant’s important processes. These processes include photosynthesis, transpiration, and respiration, to name a few. Therefore, one can assume that a drawback to any of these processes will inevitably cause plant growth issues.

To give you a quick explanation, increasing temperature will also improve such processes and vice versa. The temperature significantly affects the speed of a plant’s change from the vegetative to the reproductive stage since it influences the three processes mentioned. You can also make this connection in growing plants effectively by manipulating the temperatures day and night according to your plant’s specific needs.

Keep in mind that photosynthesis should be greater than respiration if you want to achieve optimal plant growth. Therefore, you don’t want to slow down this process due to very low temperatures or influence the plant to use photosynthates faster than production because of high temperatures. Overall, balance is crucial, in addition to the specific temperature requirements of your plants.

 

Factor #2. Development

If you are familiar with propagating and starting plants yourself, you must also be aware of the importance of temperature to guarantee success. This includes ensuring an environment that’s warm and humid enough to encourage cuttings to root or divisions to establish themselves. However, the temperature is especially crucial for seeds.

Depending on the plant you’re growing, you will need to place the seeds in an area to help them sprout. This is why it’s common to start seeds in the greenhouse and then transplant the seedlings in spring. Classify your crops and plants’ ideal conditions and provide the temperature that they’ll require to germinate.

 

 

Factor #3. Blooming

Temperature does not only affects plant growth in the vegetative phase. This factor is also influential to the blooming period of plants. And if you have issues in this phase, your plants will not thrive and have no chance to form new developments to rejuvenate themselves.

With this in mind, it’s only right for gardeners also to use the greenhouse to manipulate their plants’ flowering. If your region does not provide the ideal temperature for blooming, you can adjust the conditions indoors. The combination of light and temperature will encourage the formation of flowers according to your desired season for optimal productivity.

However, it’s best to emphasize that you must know your plants’ specific preferred blooming temperatures. For example, some warm-season crops require warm temperatures to flower and set fruit. Therefore, cool-season crops require high temperatures to flower.

 

Factor #4. Yield

Finally, temperature affects the crop quality and yield of your plants. Remember that you want to grow good-quality crops that will make you stand out from the market. Consequently, it would help if you grew them in ideal temperatures to avoid physical quality or taste problems that are evident in squash and lettuce, to name a few.

Stunted growth will affect the quality of your crops. Therefore, the production of fruits of your plants is also something to keep in mind when learning the importance of plant growth due to the temperature. You can increase sugar storage by using low temperatures for lower energy use or be mindful of high temperature, which often results in a bitter taste in some crops.

If you still can’t find how the yield is a factor for temperature’s effects towards plant growth, take wheat crops, for example. This crop will produce fewer shoots if the temperature is too high; therefore, you will experience reduced root growth as well. Your plants will be underwhelming in productivity or yield due to the problems in development and vice versa.

 

Conclusion

When maintaining your own garden, you must know the factors that affect plant development. If you’re particularly curious about how temperature affects plant growth, you are looking at four areas. They are processes, development, blooming, and yield.

One can simplify that temperature influences the speed of essential plant processes such as photosynthesis, affecting plant growth. Every plant also has ideal conditions and requirements for rooting and germination, which is why it’s advantageous to grow them in the greenhouse, where you can control temperature and other conditions. The temperature even helps the plant develop from the vegetative to the blooming phase to ensure better regrowth and rejuvenation. 

Lastly, you must keep the temperature in mind if you want to produce quality plants. Understanding these four factors gives you the idea of why you must never overlook keeping the temperature under control.

 

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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