The Best Vegetables to Grow in California - Krostrade

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The Best Vegetables to Grow in California

Green beans, peppers, kale, and squash are some of the best vegetables to grow in California. California is best known for its warm, sunny climate, the easy-going culture, and the glitz and glamour of Hollywood. But other than that, it’s also one of the best places to live in, especially if you’re into gardening. 

Thanks to its beautiful sunny weather, it’s easy for homeowners to plant vegetables, herbs, and flowers in their backyards. If you’re planning on growing vegetables in your home, here are some of the best vegetables to grow in California. 

Types of Vegetables that Grow Best

 

Types of Vegetables that Grow Best in Southern California

Before you start planting, you need to know to be familiar with the plant’s hardiness zone. By finding out your hardiness zone, you’ll know which plants grow well in your area. Southern California belongs to plant hardiness zones 8b to 11. In these zones, the temperature varies from 15 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit. 

Since Southern California has mild winters, you can easily grow vegetables all year round. Cool-weather crops like kale, collards, broccoli, lettuce, and more can easily be grown throughout the winter season. 

Here are some of the best vegetables you can plant during spring and fall.

 

Planting vegetables during spring

In Southern California, spring season planting can be an extension of cool-temperature vegetables. Some of the vegetables you can plant during this season include lettuce, spinach, radishes, chard, carrots, and kale. 

You can also plant tomatoes when the weather warms and the soil’s temperature rises. Most tomatoes germinate within a few days to a week and you can harvest them after two to three months. Some of the tomato heirloom varieties you can plant include Armenian, Green Zebra, German Queen, and Brandywine.  

It’s also a great time to plant peppers. You can plant them in spring and they’ll be ready for harvest in the middle of summer. 

 

Planting vegetable during fall

During the fall season, you can plant radishes each week from September to March. Radishes are fast-growing, so they’ll be ready to eat after a month and a half. Fall is the best time to plant onions as well.

For year-round crops, you can try planting carrots every 30 to 60 days. Planting winter greens like kale, collards, and chard during early fall lets you harvest them in time for Thanksgiving. 

Seeds germinate slower in mild winter temperatures, but you can still plant them. Mustard, chard, spinach, and other greens can be planted successively. For beets, you can plant them during these times and harvest them by March. 

 

Types of Vegetables You Can Plant in April to Reap a Summer Harvest

April is the perfect time to plant vegetable seedlings because you’ll be able to harvest it just in time for summer. You can plant carrots, lettuce, beets, corn, pumpkins, cucumbers, squash, and herbs and harvest the product during summer and fall. 

Other than the vegetables listed above, you can also plant green beans, peppers, asparagus, kale, peas, onion, tomatoes, Swiss chard, zucchini, spinach, and radishes. Here are some of the tips you need to remember when planting in Southern California:

 

Crop rotation

Since farmers adopt this method, there’s no reason why you shouldn’t. Rotating crops not only keep your soil healthy, but it also maximizes plant growth. An example of rotating crops would be planting tomatoes on the same patch where peppers were grown before being harvested. 

If you plant similar vegetables in the same location every year, you can pull the same nutrients from the soil. By rotating your crops, there will be less stress on the soil. You can relocate crops at least 10 feet away from their previous location. 

 

Add drought tolerant ground cover

Surround your crops with plants that don’t need much water. For example, some of the plants that need little water include Spanish lavender, ice plant, blue fescue, and other rockroses. 

 

Initially grow plants in containers

If you don’t have enough space in your backyard or if you don’t like to till and prep garden soil, consider container gardening. You can easily grow herbs, tomatoes, lettuce, radishes, eggplant, and other in-ground vegetables in containers.

 

Growing Your Southern California Vegetables in Greenhouses

If you haven’t considered planting your crops in greenhouses, you’re definitely missing out. Greenhouses are a great investment for gardeners and hobbyists. With a high-quality greenhouse, you’ll be able to garden in any weather, grow different kinds of plants, and protect them from the elements. 

If you’re still on the fence, here are some of the reasons why many gardeners and homeowners invest in a greenhouse:

 

Grow plants in any weather

A greenhouse can protect your plants from bad weather. Even if it’s raining cats and dogs outside, greenhouses can keep your plants happy and dry.

 

Grow different types of plants

With a greenhouse, you can grow different types of plants that never would’ve survived in California weather. You get to grow exotic plants and other vegetables that aren’t found locally. 

 

Create the ideal growing environment

Greenhouses allow you to control the temperature, provide adequate shade, and prevent critters and insects from eating your plants. As a result, you’ll be able to grow healthier, more flavorful fruits and vegetables. 

 

Customize your greenhouse

You can easily customize greenhouses to your liking. For example, you can add heating and cooling ventilation, lights, and shades, and you can even divide a large greenhouse into two to create different climate zones. This allows you to grow cool-season and warm-season plants regardless of the weather. 

 

Protect plants from harmful insects 

Greenhouses can protect your plants from pesky garden insects. Aphids, cabbage maggots, cutworms, Mexican bean beetles, and flea beetles are some of the insects that destroy your plants. Keeping your plants in a greenhouse can prevent them from ruining your plants. 

 

Final Thoughts

Whether you wish to have a greenhouse full of the best vegetables to grow in California as a profession or as a hobby, you could never go wrong. Krostrade offers affordable and durable greenhouses perfect for home and garden use. Get in touch with us today to know more about our greenhouses that are able to withstand harsh weather conditions simply because they’re with nothing but the best materials.

 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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