Your Ultimate Guide To The Equipment Used In Gyms

Doing your regular exercise in the gym offers several amazing benefits. While you can always exercise at home with the equipment you’ve bought from the shopping mall, visiting the gym and understanding what are the equipment used in gym clubs have various advantages of health.

These include variety to the fitness program, physical and mental benefits. Changing up the exercises get your body familiar with its movements, developing the progress through time. With several workout programs to choose from, you can never feel dull and bored.

Your Ultimate Guide To The Equipment Used In Gyms - Krostrade

It already provides you with everything you need to workout, plus other facilities, including tea and coffee stations, steam bath and sauna, locker rooms, areas for group classes, and more. Of course, the weights and the treadmill are there for weight building and cardio.

Working out regularly improves your metabolism and allows you to burn more fats. If you want to be stronger, there are guidelines to follow when using the equipment.

Aside from the physical advantages, the cognitive benefits are also there. The feeling of having a full workout is refreshing for the mind, which gets you up and ready to work at your best. Slowing down and allotting even an hour to visit gyms or outdoor facilities will reduce your anxiety and irritability. 

It lets you hear what your body is telling you, may this be about completing a cardio program, following the trainers’ CrossFit sets and reps, and trying the equipment out on your own. Today, we will zoom into this gym equipment and what they can do for your health goals. There is so much to learn.


The importance of gym equipment

Fitness is an age-old concept, and the earliest activities were credited to the natural instinct of humankind to survive. In pre-historic times, people would use boulders and rocks as their weights, and since they had to maintain their physical fitness to hunt gracefully, they had to work out.

It has been said that working out is 3,000 years old, and the first gymnasiums were built in the place known as Zurkhaneh in ancient Persia. Since then, the Greeks also learned to find their way to hit the gym.

In fact, the word “gymnasium” is from the Greek word meaning “gymnos,” which translates to, naked. Gymnasiums were training grounds and education facilities for men, including physical education, studying, and bathing. These gymnasiums have become training areas for the Olympics, and even until this day’s editions. 

However, there was also a moment in time when these gymnasiums disappeared from existence, and for centuries. It was only in the 19th century when schools and academic institutions reinstated these gyms. For instance, Geneva-based worldwide youth organization YMCA built gyms for physical exercises, athletics, and social sports. 

During the World Wars, particularly in the 1930s, the boxing gyms were started, and have been present to train boxers and fighters before their matches. In the 1960s and 1970s, the first gym chains were opened. So, this is how fitness clubs have been in the world? Pretty cool. 

These were also the era when bodybuilding became a popular trend. In the 1990s, these gymnasiums reached out to more people, with a few more gym clubs being added to the list. 

The demand for these facilities increased through the years, and the equipment used in the gym are being developed progressively. 

Perhaps most of the time, the way you appear physically and your muscular built can be credited to these equipment used in the gym. These fitness machines help you stay in the best shape. They include cross trainers, weight lifting machines, rowing devices, spinning bikes, treadmills, and more. 

You will learn more about them a little later. They help individuals improve and optimize their workouts within the community, may this be among beginners, athletes, or bodybuilders.



To better lead you into completing this guide, refer to the table of contents below:



  • The importance of gym equipment


Full set of machines


  • Pull-up bars
  • Cable system
  • Cross pulleys


Cardio machines


  • Treadmills
  • Ellipticals
  • Stationary bikes
  • Aerobic steppers
  • Rowing machines
  • Stair climbers
  • Air bikes


Pulley machines


  • Single pulley
  • Double pulley
  • Variable resistance
  • Fixed resistance


Abs machines and benches


  • Sit-up benches
  • Captain’s chair
  • Ab wheels
  • Other subtypes


Weight machines


  • Chest flye machine
  • Seated leg curl machine
  • More sub-categories



Multi-purpose machines

Wrap up and conclusion

Full set of machines

First are the full set machines. These refer to gym equipment that provide you with the resistance similar to what free weights have for your body, but with less movement and the inertia correlated with these free weights. 

Many of these full sets of machines offer workouts for various muscle groups. What is the equipment used in the gym? These categories are also known as the all-in-one equipment. It features a wide range of exercises for muscle toning, core strengthening, and working out your arms, thighs, and legs. 

One of the most common types is a Smith machine that goes with a pull-up bar, cable crossovers, and leg workout equipment. These machines and equipment can amplify and power up your upper body muscle groups with the press bar in Smith-style and with the cable crossover.

The leg developers function to strengthen the muscles in the lower area of the body. Multi-functional machines are present to help target different muscle groups. For instance, crossover workouts are ideal for the chest and shoulder areas. The recommended machines are pull-up bars, the cable system, and the cross pulleys.

When you are transitioning to leg and thigh training, the lower leg developer and pulley also work on your hamstrings, glutes, and quads.


Pull-up bars

The health advantages of regularly exercising your body via the pull-ups are plenty. First, they improve the strength of the upper body when it comes to building muscles. These pull-ups are impactful for achieving the goals for your physique. The pull-up pushes you to work at higher intensities. 

Pull-up bars are ideal equipment for your rigorous upper body exercises at home with the weight of your body working together. Though the machine is smaller in size compared with others in the gym, it is the way to create a sculpted physique. 


Cable system

The cable system or the cable machine is also gym equipment, but this time it is for your functional training and weight workouts. The characteristics include it being rectangular and vertically-oriented tools made with steel frames around three meters and two meters wide and high. It includes the weight stack attached to the cable-and-pulley equipment. 

Cable exercises with this machine allow you to perform more exercise variations for different muscle groups, transitioning from light to heavy with the resistance. More so, since the equipment is generally safe to use, beginners in the fitness industry are less injured compared to using free weights and other weight equipment. 


Cross pulleys 

Speaking about a full set of machines, the cross pulleys come in the top three. Cross pulleys facilitate exercises such as the cable crossover. It pertains to an isolation workout with the cable stack in order to develop larger and stronger muscles in the pectoral area. The exercise is common for the upper part of the body and chest area workouts. 

There are times when the cable crossover workout is pre-exhausted or performed at the beginning of the workout routine at any given day or a finisher.


Cardio machines

Cardio workouts are great to have around. It is one of the best routines to start up a full-body workout or warm you up. You need cardio because it enhances your metabolism, so your physique is ready for burning the fats. 

However, knowing the right equipment to use during your cardio training will take you the long way. Calorie-burning and exercises will become much easier for you. What are these cardio equipment used in the gym? Let’s begin with the treadmill.



The treadmill is a piece of cardio equipment that lets you move the body the way it is supposed to. It is your indoor track-and-field or the land where you jog on. Treadmills are those equipment you see displayed behind glasses of the gyms in the mall. 

Once you step onto the mill, simply press the button to start and adjust based on the speed. You can also elevate or incline the cardio equipment, which even ramps up the workout. Use your headphones or turn on the television that goes with several treadmill units. Stay hydrated.



This machine looks very familiar with you when you observe the gym surroundings. However, did you know this is known as the elliptical?

The elliptical machine works like a pedal and unlike the treadmill, the platforms are separated beneath your two soles. Your grip must be on the handle, as you bring your legs and feet in continuous elliptical motion like doing bicycle but standing. Make sure that the knees are slightly bent, or in the proper position. 

The elliptical machine can boost the person’s stamina, can burn you a considerable amount of calories, improve your balance, target your leg muscles, and more without putting your joints in too much stress. It’s the recommended workout for athletes after their games to lessen injuries.


Stationary Bikes

Then, we move forward with your stationary bikes. This equipment is utilized like driving a bicycle, except that you are biking in place. The resistance you get from biking is what you can have here, especially since you may adjust based on this component. For instance, you may adjust the machine, so it feels like biking uphill. 

Stationary bikes are gym equipment that may boost your cardio, help with your weight loss, burn more body fat, and strengthen your muscles. It also offers a low-impact workout, opportunities for interval training, and safer cycling on the road.


Aerobic Steppers

“Let’s go to the stepper!” you might have probably heard a fitness trainer tell her client in the gym. But what is it, and have you tried working on the aerobic stepper? 

This equipment basically improves your legs’ muscle strength but is intended to help in the improvement of overall fitness. Many steppers are adjusted based on the pace that feels right for what you need. They have the so-called “risers” so you can raise these or lower them based on your preferred intensities. 

The benefits of the previous cardio equipment you’ve learned are also in the steppers. They are very portable, and at the same time, it has been known they can alleviate your stress. It can get your body produce more endorphins, so you don’t just burn calories; you workout is evoking a positive outlook.


Rowing Machines 

Rowing provides several benefits for the body. These include giving you a full-body workout, managing your stress, losing your weight, and teaching you skills on team coordination. These advantages are mostly about rowing sport.

Gyms are presently innovating to incorporate these intense sports workout even when you are not adept with activities like rowing or need to stay for now in an indoor gym. This is why you have these rowing machines made available for you.

Working on a rowing machine is easy, and it basically mimics the grip and the posture of the actual rowing sport. You can adjust the resistance and the weights. 

The top benefits include providing you with effective exercises, aiding in weight loss, giving you the upper and lower body workout, and increasing your endurance. You do not need to formally study rowing in order for you to try this convenient low-impact cardio exercise with the rowing machine. 

Stair Climbers

For more cardio, what are the equipment used in gym centers? Another great cardio equipment is the stair climber. 

Like other cardio machines, stair climbers are present to provide you with a variety of physical fitness advantages. They enhance your heart rate, thereby regulating your blood circulation and pressure. It maximizes every cardio workout so that you can burn fats more efficiently.

What does it do for the muscles? Stair climbers strengthen muscles in your lower body, toning it while never forgetting about engaging the core. This is among the safest additions to either your garage gym, home gym, or fitness clubs.

The machine mimics the benefits of climber a steep step of stairs and works like a conveyor belt. The stairs rotate forward and move while you walk or step up on the treadmill. 


Air Bikes

On the other hand, air bikes are a type of cardio machine that consists of three pieces of equipment in one. They belong to the group of fitness bikes, which include spin, and recumbent, stationary bikes.

Once you get started with your workout on the air bike, your entire body engages in. With the air bikes, you can perform HIIT workouts or high-intensity interval training

With the unlimited intensity that it can provide, these air bikes can also offer low-impact and total-body cardio workout without leaving any muscle behind. These comprise your cardio machines in the gym.


Pulley machines

They are otherwise known as the cable machines; the pulley machines are characterized with a wheel over a fixed axle, consisting of angles along its edges to provide a cable or rope. With several applications, these pulleys can reduce the energy and the time it takes for individuals to lift weights if used in the gym.

You are familiar with these machines where you do high cable crunches, one-arm presses, one-arm rows, low cable crunches, cable reverse crunches, and more. Very functional, these pulley machines are common equipment used in gyms and training centers. 

Exercises using these pulley or cable machines enable the person to have the workout with more variations, improving various muscle groups. It can transition the workout from heavy with resistance or light with resistance. 


Single pulley

Among these pulley workout equipment sub-types, single pulleys are said to be the heavier and more difficult to manage type, at least when compared with double pulleys. The setup has one cable attached to the weights and a bar. Exercises with the single pulley include one-arm high-pulley-cable side stretches and bends, front cable raises targeting the shoulders, and side crunches for the abdominal muscles.


Double pulley

Then, you have the double pulley. These are lighter to manage than the single pulley and are perfect for beginners at the gym. It consists of two pulleys that allow more load at shorter distances. 

In other words, the person will only be required to lift half of the weight compared with the single-pulley. Match these with exercises like lat pulldowns or wide-grip lat pulldowns. They work on your biceps, shoulders, middle back, and laterals.


Variable resistance

How about variable resistance pulleys? Cables or pulleys of this kind can vary the amount of space between fixed weights and pivot points. Right as you workout, the most difficult routines will have the spaces between the pivot points and the weights shrink, so it is easier for the person to make the lift. 

Consequently, the simpler routines will have the spaces between the weight and axel stacks increase, so the muscles’ results are well-balanced.


Fixed resistance

The fixed resistance is the least common pulley among these subtypes. Cables of these types are best for strength training exercises. You can adjust these machines based on your preferences on difficulty levels.

Abs machines and benches

The abdominal workout is more than just for improving the body’s aesthetics. The practical reasons for working your abdominal muscles include improving posture since these muscle groups support the spine and contribute to your balance.

It also enhances the stability of the physique, as well as enhancing respiratory functions like breathing. As the abdominal area is worked out, the person builds strength and endurance, thereby reducing back pain and developing their posture. 

Ab machines can facilitate exercises that include the cable machine pall of the press, the rowing machine knee tuck, the incline bench sit-ups, and more. This brings us to a relevant category, that is, the bench equipment. 

Workout benches are railing-free workout support in the structure of the bench but without the backboard or headboard. It is used mostly for exercising the chest with the barbell, and with the free weights, working out the back muscles. The most popular exercises include the reverse dumbbell fly, dumbbell bench press, dumbbell shoulder press, skull crushers, dumbbell row, and more.


Sit up benches

One of the most widely conducted exercises worldwide is the sit-up. These are exercises for the core that build and improve the muscles in the abdomen area. Without the equipment, these workout routines are easily doable. However, with a bench, you can workout to enhance the strength of your core. The versatile bench also improves stability and tones the muscles. 


Captain’s chair

The Captain’s chair, also known as the Roman chair, is likewise common equipment used in the gym. The person stands on the frame and utilizes the two arms of the chair to support the body weight as he or she raises his or her legs. These hanging raises will work on the upper body endurance while keeping stability at bay. 


Ab wheels

While strengthening the abs may be done with the sit-up, the ab rollers or ab wheels can strengthen both your core and the abs. It offers little strain upon the lower back, and many fitness gurus say these are more effective than the regular sit-ups. 


Other equipments under this category include the abs swing, foam roller, kettlebell, pull-up and chin-up bars, stability ball, adjustable weight bench, flat weight bench, Olympic weight bench, and the specialist weight bench. 

Weight machines

Strength and conditioning happen with the use of weight machines. What are the details about these types of equipment used in the gym? 

Weight machines offer roughly similar benefits as with the free weights. They work on a wide set of muscle groups, including your core and stabilizer muscles. However, the machine variant will let you, especially beginners, learn about great form, and advanced lifters to put on more weight.

Athletes are into these machines as they get back on their feet from injuries, and reintroduce themselves to lifting. For beginners, it is easy to use these machines, as many providers design them with written instructions. These include adjusting the seats, handles, and anything that will take you to your ideal workout. 


Chest flye machine

Chest workouts happen with various equipment. One of these is the chest flye machine. These equipment are structured to improve muscle mass and strength in the chest area. With this equipment, the person can open and strengthen the muscles behind the shoulders in varying weights and resistance. 


Smith machine

Another great weight machine is the Smith machine, ideal for weight training. The most common types feature a barbell constructed within steel rails to let movements in the vertical and near-vertical directions. Barbells are usually counterbalanced within the Smith equipment. What’s great about it is how it can build your muscles faster than the free weights can do.

More of your weight machines include the chest press machine, lateral pulldown machine, low-pulley cable bench, leg press machine, leg extension machine, seated leg curl machine, calf raise machine, functional trainer cable, etc.



Now, let’s take a look at the bars, another set of equipment used in the gym training. There are various kinds, and one of these is the Olympic weightlifting bar. These equipment are where the person is working out places the circular weights. 


Olympic weightlifting bar

The Olympic weightlifting bar is the standard equipment for men’s weightlifting. It weighs 45 lb. or about 20kg. The women’s version may be slightly modified to 33 lb. or approximately 15kg. Meanwhile, the powerlifting barbell is at 55 lb. 


SE bar

Some gyms provide these in lighter and shorter versions. Another variant is the SE bar, characterized by curvatures on its body. People use the SE bar for barbell curls and tricep extensions.

Before using any of these bars, you are advised to include the weight stoppers to avoid injuring yourself and furthermore accidents. There are instances when the bars can make the weights slide off, impeding you from working out smoothly.

Multi-purpose machines

We’ve come to the final part of the guide to the equipment used in the gym. The multi-purpose machines are very common in gym clubs with smaller spaces. To maintain the quality of the workout, the management prefers to purchase these types of machines from providers to allow multiple workouts without taking up too much space. 

Perfect for individual and group training, multi-purpose equipment offers the variety that you need, building muscular and cardiovascular strength in no time. Providers of these machines ensure that they have the innovative design with the main goal of getting the most of your workout despite the perimeter of the gym area. 

The best designs allow you to work on various routines and adjust the settings to maximize your training results. 


Parallel bar and leg raise

The parallel bar and leg raise types of equipment service to exercise many groups of muscles. You can begin by getting into the correct position on the parallel bars. Use the padding to place your back, with your forearm rested against the armrests, as you hold and grip the handles located right at the front.

Be sure to keep the legs extended before slowly raising your feet up toward the ceiling. The legs must be drawn together and kept straight. 

Afterward, squeeze your lower abs as tight as you can on your way upward, and as far up as you can. Maintain this for a count and return to your original posture. Repeat with the required reps and sets. 


TRX hanging rope

There are likewise several workouts you can do with the TRX hanging rope. These equipment are basically for everyone, whether you are a beginner, pro athlete, yoga practitioner, runner, cross-trainer, cyclist, combat athlete, or a member of the army. 

Exercises with TRX equipment provide the best of fat burning, strength training, and cardiovascular health improvement. Day by time, and time after time, innovations are being created to improve what TRX will mean for the fitness enthusiast.



When talking about multi-purpose equipment used in the gym, sandbags are very effective for the workout. Likewise, quite popular, sandbags are shared like travel bags, but they contain a variety of weights depending on the workout you choose. 

They are designed for a full-body workout that substitutes conventional weight exercises in such a way that they aid in combining strength training and endurance routines. They are easy and safe to use while in the gym.  

This type of equipment includes the lateral pulldown, shoulder and chest press, preacher curl machine, leg curl, leg extension, dual adjustable pulleys, medicine ball, and the battling rope. 


What is the equipment used in the gym: Wrap up

Achieving what you want for your physique, and having the correct equipment go hand in hand. In the past, these equipment used to be boulders and other elements people could find from nature. Today, modern ways are paving the way for these machines to be created. 

There is countless gym equipment you can find around. This comprehensive guide has provided quite a several, and definitely, should we continue forward, there is more equipment used for fitness — simple and huge, for beginner and advanced workouts, old and new, and many other parameters. 

What is the equipment used in gym and fitness areas? You have seen how varied this workout equipment can be. Each of these types has their purposes and objectives for the body, in the aim to fulfill your fitness and health goals. Providers of this equipment ensure they are created with the highest standards, the right materials, and offered at a price that suits the budget of entrepreneurs, and those who want to set up their fitness center. 

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