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When Were Greenhouses Invented

Did you know when were greenhouses invented? The idea started from AD 14 to 37 during the reign of Tiberius, the second Roman emperor.

If you are a sucker for plants, you might dream of having a small or big greenhouse, or probably, you have one in your backyard already. Consider yourself lucky. This article will bring you back where the greenhouses are invented and how they evolve with time.

But before that, we’ll know the basics first. So, grab a pen and a paper, and let’s start learning!

when were greenhouses invented

What Are Greenhouses?

Greenhouses are used by botanists, commercial plant growers, and dedicated gardeners. It protects plants and makes sure that they grow healthy despite the constant changes in the weather.


The Invention of Greenhouses

Now, it’s time for us to travel back in time and see when were greenhouses invented. So buckle up, and imagine freely.


The largest greenhouse in the world

Imagine seeing two huge honeycomb domes made of glass. Well, that’s how the largest greenhouse in the whole wide world looks like.

The Eden Project is designed in a futuristic fashion that attracts travelers and makes them go to Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. There are over a million species of plants inside, and it is crazy!

It was built over a clay pit that was abandoned years ago. The idea of building the Eden Project was in 1996. The construction started in 1988 and finished around May 2000. Then, it was opened to the public 17th of March 2001. It covers 3.9 acres and measures 55 m high, 100 m wide, and 200 m long.

The Eden project is also an educational charity. So if you are interested, do not hesitate to donate!


The Romans

Back to the reign of the Roman Emperor Tiberius, the idea of ensuring crops and plants survival in harsh environments took place. During this time, no actual greenhouse can protect their crops. Therefore, they would plant their crops in a cart to transport them easily.

Romans do this with cucumbers (the favorite vegetable of the emperor), which can grow during the day with hot weather. And at night, they would keep it inside for the cucumbers not to freeze.

At first, they would apply oil on clothes and use it to protect the cart and later used selenite, a sheet of transparent crystal called.


Medieval period

During the 13th century in Italy, the first-ever greenhouse existed, and they called it “the botanical garden”. This structure was built for the purpose of shielding exotic plants from abroad, brought by explorers during that time.

Also, it’s the time when it’s easier for them to make glass panels, thanks to the new techniques they’ve learned. Since they want plants and trees to grow without limitations, no matter what climate or time of the year it will be, the idea just came in.

And this idea attracted people from all around Europe- first Netherlands, next England, then France. Well, early greenhouses were used to be private playgrounds of rich people. They also spend their time growing their favorite flowers and fruits.

For instance, the royal family in France built such a place so they can grow oranges and called it orangery.

Renaissance period

If you’re wondering where glasshouses and conservatories came from, then this is the time when it all started. During the 15th century, the concept of transparent glasses and placing them in roofs are initiated by the glassmakers from Murano. From then on, the history of the greenhouse has been changed.

Jules Charles, a French botanist, designed his works primarily to raise tropical plants for use as a source for medicines. He was often credited in building the first practical greenhouse.

Inventions and ideas of using glasses continued in the 17th century. Still, there are many problems the European gardeners and inventors faced.


The birth of modern greenhouses

During the 19th century, the Europian government abolished taxes on glass windows. Because of this, it became more popular and became a fashion statement in the architecture. In this period, most of the largest greenhouses were built:

  1. London’s Crystal Palace – 1,848 ft. long and 408 ft. wide,
  2. New York Crystal Palace – 600 ft. long and 200 ft. wide, and
  3. Munich’s Glaspalast – 768 ft. long, 220 feet wide, and 82 ft. high

Unlike in the past centuries, greenhouses were open to the public.


Greenhouses today

In the past, we have seen extravagant greenhouses, and all of them are made from glass. Today, as technology arises, scientists and inventors come up with a practical way to keep our plants safe and healthy.

Nowadays, there are portable greenhouses in the market; there’s no need to build a greenhouse with glass roofs. It’s much cheaper and easy to set up than building a glasshouse.


Benefits of Greenhouses

Before we end the article, you may wonder the best reasons why you should have one. Here’s a list of benefits:


Longer growing season

Greenhouses offer a more controlled climate for growing. Thus, even the seasonal period of the plant you’re planning to grow is finished, it can still grow in your greenhouse.


Protection from the weather

Greenhouses serve as a shelter for your plants and protect them from storms or extreme heat. It makes your plants safe and grow beautifully.


Energy efficient

Greenhouses take advantage of the environmental conditions, such as optimizing the heat inside it. You don’t need a lot of gadgets in order to motor your plants inside.


Pest-free plants

As I said earlier, greenhouses are shelters for your plants. It can also be safe from the harm of pests. Because of this, you can make sure that it grows healthy and away from pests.



Are you still amazed about what you’ve read about when were greenhouses invented? Well, I, myself, am. Indeed, the history of greenhouses is wonderful; it started with just an obsession with cucumbers. Whether you decide to build a glasshouse or to buy a portable greenhouse in the market, it doesn’t matter.

Make your gardening more practical and healthy!

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.


What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.


What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.


Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.


What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.


3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.


Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.


Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.


Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.



No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.


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