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When To Transplant Hardy Mums For Success

If you’re cautious with when to transplant hardy mums, you can do so when the plant becomes woody. This can happen every two years, where the mums are less productive, and you can transplant them in early spring. You can also transplant the plants when they reach 8 inches in height or repot them when they are actively growing in fall or even do a second transplanting in spring when they become rootbound. 

Regardless, it’s not surprising that many gardeners want to have these perennials. They are relatively easy to grow, and mums’ propagation is not even complicated for the newbie. However, transplanting can be tricky, so you can always start your mums in the greenhouse to create vigorous transplants.  

When To Transplant Hardy Mums For Success

When To Transplant Hardy Mums And Tips For Success

There are three instances where you can transplant hardy mums. The emphasis is necessary on the word hardy because transplanting mums that aren’t vigorous enough will struggle growing or even survive. A useful tip for growing hardy mums is starting plants in the greenhouse, regardless of your propagation method. 

You can control the greenhouse to ensure the ideal growing environment for the mums in their vulnerable period, which helps them get healthy and withstand the conditions outdoors later on. You can then gently get your mums accustomed to the weather outside, and once they harden, you can transplant during these periods. 

 

When they turn woody

You can transplant hardy mums when they turn woody. The beauty with these perennials is that one can still make use of them after they finished blooming. Chrysanthemums will eventually become woody in the center after about two or three years and become less productive. 

This is a perfect opportunity to divide your mums, which will help promote flowering and control overcrowding. Divide the plants in early spring when new growth appears and then remove all the dead parts. You can then transplant the divisions, but not those having more woody parts. 

 

When they reach 8 inches in height after from sowing

Another excellent time to transplant hardy mums is when they’re around 6 to 8 inches tall after germination. Again, you want them to be strong enough to transplant, so other than the height and true leaves, check your plants’ condition before transplanting. Sowing mum seeds is relatively exciting and straightforward as you don’t know what bloom you’ll get. 

But since mums have a long growing season, you want to start them in the greenhouse. Sow six to eight weeks before your last frost date, which you can check from your area’s hardiness zone. You can then transplant the mums when they are around 8 inches tall. 

 

Spring or autumn

If you want to repot mums, you can do so in fall while they’re still actively growing. If you have plants that risk getting rootbound, you can also repot chrysanthemums for the second time in spring. The latter is best if you notice your mums growing fast and losing adequate space for their roots. 

 

How To Transplant Hardy Mums

 

Preparation

Once you learned the ideal times to transplant mums, your next consideration for successful transplanting is how to transplant itself. Chrysanthemums are generally hardy, so following the recommendations will be the only factor affecting their survival after transplanting. Start by choosing an area that receives 6 hours of sunlight daily and incorporate compost to the soil to improve its drainage and fertility. 

 

Planting

Remember to be gentle, especially if you’re dividing the mums. For example, a clump of chrysanthemum can have three to four plants, which you can divide using your hands. The hole for transplanting should be twice as wide as your plant’s roots to accommodate its growth and then spread the roots before setting the mum in the hole.

You want the crown to be at the soil level after you pack soil around the roots. Mums can grow well at 24 inches apart with an inch of water after you’ve transplanted them. What about repotting? 

 

Repotting

Turn the pot upside down so you can gently get the mum out of it. Place the plant in the new pot with a potting mixture. You want to have the root ball an inch below the pot’s rim and then put it in an area out of direct sunlight. 

After you’ve finished transplanting, you may need to do additional practices. For example, if you plant in summer, mums will need pinching out to encourage fall bloom. On the contrary, those grown in fall will eventually be ready to bloom without pinching. 

 

Conclusion

Starting chrysanthemums in the greenhouse ensure hardy plants for transplanting. But do you know when to transplant hardy mums for success? Three instances make good times for transplanting.

First is when you divide woody mums after two years; second is when your mums reach 8 inches tall after you sow them, and lastly, it is in autumn or spring for repotting. Those who want to prevent their mums from being rootbound will benefit well from repotting in spring. However, timing is only the first factor to overcome when transplanting.

Ensure that the area is well-prepared for the mums, and you have hardened them off before transplanting. Nonetheless, it’s best to start them indoors to be vigorous enough and withstand unpredictable outdoor conditions. 

 

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How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

Want to know how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds? Marigold flowers are a mainstay in most of the gardens. They bloom beautiful flowers all season long and they’re easy to grow from seed. Knowing how to save marigold seeds is essential if you want to continue growing them the next season.

Fortunately, harvesting marigold seeds are quite quick and easy. You only need to take the seeds from the flowers and let them air dry before storing them during the winter season. You can pack it up with a container or seed packets to save even more for the next growing season. Some of the marigold flowers are edible and best to mix in your salads to add a distinct flavor to it.

 

Tools You’ll Need to Harvest Marigold Flowers

The tools you’ll need to harvest marigold flowers include a basket or other available containers that can be used in harvesting flowers. You’ll also need some paper towels, a sharp knife, a pair of scissors, or gardening shears.

Since you need to evaluate or describe the process, get yourself some notes. Seed packets can be envelopes or closed-air containers excluding plastic containers and bags.

 

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Here’s how you can harvest marigold plants for flower arrangements and bouquets:

 

Letting Marigold Flowers Dry

It’s important to wait until the right time to collect marigold seeds. You can harvest the seeds when the petals are dry already (when the base of each flower turning brownish). However, make sure there’s still is a bit of green color left in the base of the bloom. If you also wait until it is completely turned brown, it may start to rot or mold. It’s important to wait for the perfect time to harvest marigolds since the timing is crucial to have the right quality of marigold seeds.

Tip in harvesting: While you are harvesting, simply cut each marigold flower heads using your cutting equipment or either pinch it with your finger. However, be sure not to pull the flowers as it can harm the roots of your marigolds.

 

Opening the Marigold

Get your paper towel and set it on a flat surface. After, hold each bloom’s base, pull-off, and discard the petals and leaves of it. Then, you will easily notice the attached seeds inside the base. In the meantime, set the prepared blooms on your paper towels for bulk removal of seeds. You may also use larger towels to manage and accommodate the abundant blooms of your marigolds.

 

Removal of Marigold Seeds

Marigold seeds are likely to have a long, slender, and pointed appearance. Divided ends with black color and white color on the opposite edge. Gather your blooms, pull-off all petals, and leaves, and start pulling the seeds from the base. After getting all marigold seeds, discard the base in a single place like in bins or garbage bags. After sorting, put another paper towel on another flat surface and spread the pulled marigold seeds on it.

 

Drying of Seeds

As mentioned above, let your marigold seeds air dry for about a week in an uncovered paper towel. It will enable them to be preserved even in frost season and will prevent it from getting rot and mold.

 

Seed Storing

After drying the seeds, gather them and start placing them inside your seed packets to prolong their lifespan and will still be used after the frost date. Do not use plastic bags in storing your marigold seeds because it will retain residual moisture, which will affect your marigold seeds and even get rot and mold. To avoid forgetting about your marigold seeds, put a label on it to prevent possible disposal if unlabeled.

 

Using Stored Seeds for Replanting

After storing your collected marigold seeds, it is perfect to plant during the growing season. You can enjoy once again the benefits of it from house beautification to an edible ingredient for your salad.

 

Facts about Marigold Flowers

Marigolds are especially good for repelling insects and pests, making them companion plant for tomatoes, eggplants, tomatoes, and chili pepper because of its pungent scent of some variety. It is amazing having this kind of flow in your plant, imagine you don’t only have a beautiful attractive garden but having also a very natural insect and pest repellent that will protect your plants from any abrogation.

African marigolds have larger flower heads on plants that grow from 10 to 36 inches tall. While French marigolds are smaller and bushier, having only two inches of flower head across on plants and only having six to eighteen inches height. Sizes and colors vary on its classification, having a mixed combination is pretty great, will also add more pleasant and abundant color to your garden.

 

The Benefits of Growing Marigolds in a Greenhouse

Have you ever thought of growing your marigolds in a greenhouse? If you haven’t, it’s time to consider getting a greenhouse.

Greenhouses are great for keeping your marigolds safe from pests and diseases. Marigolds are susceptible to insects and blight, such as caterpillars, aphids, leaf spots, and mildews. You can lower the risk of plant damage by growing your marigolds in a greenhouse.

Additionally, greenhouses can also keep your plants safe from bad weather that could easily damage your flowers.

 

Final Thoughts on How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Knowing how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds is crucial if you’re planning to plant them in your garden. These beautiful flowers that usually come in yellow and orange colors are a great addition to any garden or flower arrangement.

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