Best Time When To Plant Vegetables In Tennessee - Krostrade

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Best Time When To Plant Vegetables In Tennessee

Learning when to plant vegetables in Tennessee for success means classifying your crops into warm-season and cool-season planting. With proper planning and using a greenhouse, it’s even possible to have a year-round productive vegetable garden because you won’t get limited to external conditions. Just remember that the volunteer state has hardiness zones of 5b to 8a, which should be your first consideration before starting planting, 

The good news is that the University of Tennessee has several publications that should guide gardeners in the state. This article will discuss below how you can have a productive vegetable garden. However, remember that modifications in some practices are necessary as not all areas in Tennessee would be similar for growing vegetables. 

Best Time When To Plant Vegetables In Tennessee

When To Plant Vegetables In Tennessee And Tips For Success

You can learn when’s the best time for planting vegetables in Tennessee by following the state’s two planting and growing seasons. And these two are from which vegetables are best for the warm-season and cool-season, respectively. Therefore, you can plant vegetables in Tennessee in spring for warm-season vegetables and fall for cool-season vegetables. 

 

Classify vegetables into warm-season and cool-season crops

Every vegetable has its own temperature requirement, and you can use this to classify which crops are best for planting during warm months and cold months. Simply put, the warm-season vegetables would be at their best and most productive in late spring to summer in Tennessee. On the other hand, cool-season vegetables would withstand spring and fall or temperatures below 32°F in the state.

 

Warm-season planting

Warm-season vegetables are going to grow well and be productive throughout high temperatures. However, they would quickly get damaged by frost and freezing temperatures. To know when to plant warm-season vegetables safely in Tennessee, the University of Tennessee has provided safe planting dates after spring or fall. 

These dates only have a 10% chance of having low temperatures that can damage warm-season vegetables. Please note that Chattanooga, Clarksville, Jackson, Knoxville, Memphis, and Nashville have their last spring frost in April, while Bristol, Crossville, and Mountain City will have them in May. For the first fall frost, most of these areas will have it in October, but Crossville and Memphis have them in September.

You can also check your hardiness zone to adjust your planting date, depending on the frost dates. 

 

Cool-season planting

While you’re waiting for the temperatures to go up, you can plant cool-season vegetables in Tennessee during spring, fall, or even winter. This prevents them from experiencing the damaging heat later on, and you can reseed them in late summer to have another crop in fall. Depending on the produce you’re using, you can either sow or transplant early to mid-spring for harvest in late spring or early summer as well. 

However, don’t be confused that some crops have transplants or seeds to start in summer to harvest in fall. For example, you can transplant broccoli in early to mid-spring in Tennessee, but it’s also possible to do summer planting for fall harvest. If you want to feel more confident, you can always use a greenhouse to maintain your vegetables’ ideal growing conditions. 

Overall, remember that the dates provided by your hardiness zone and those recommended by publications of university extensions should serve as your guide in creating a planting schedule in Tennessee. But at the end of the day, one can’t predict the conditions perfectly, so a situation in one state can still vary. 

 

Planting warm-season vegetables in spring

You can plant warm-season vegetables from the first week of April until the end of July in Tennessee. The conditions in these dates should provide the best air and soil temperatures to help the crops germinate and develop without drawbacks. These vegetables include beans, cucumbers, tomatoes, okra, eggplant, and sweet peppers.

 

Planting cool-season vegetables in spring

As mentioned earlier, you can also start your cool-season vegetables in spring. Early in February, until the end of March, can still be supportive of cold season crops. You have an extensive list of vegetables to choose from, including cruciferous vegetables, greens, onions, peas, potatoes, turnips, rhubarbs, and radishes. 

 

Planting cool-season vegetables in fall

Gardeners plant cool-season vegetables between summer and fall to make harvesting in fall and winter possible. This period can be from July to September, where the temperatures help with the crops’ development. However, remember that these vegetables are not tolerant of drought, unlike warm-season crops. 

In Tennessee, these vegetables suitable for fall planting include leafy greens, potatoes, broccoli, cauliflower, cucumbers, and radishes, to name a few. 

 

Conclusion

The volunteer state provides excellent conditions for an extensive list of crops. And best of all, knowing when to plant vegetables in Tennessee is as simple as classifying your vegetables for cool-season and warm-season planting. The state has two plantings and growing season, so all-year productivity is possible. 

You can also consider using a greenhouse to prevent potential damages on either type of crops if you feel like the weather and temperatures are too unpredictable. Nonetheless, the University of Tennessee has different publications that discuss dates, and you can also use your growing zone to know when it is safe to start planting. In general, you can begin warm-season vegetables in spring, and cool-season vegetables are suitable for fall or even spring. 

 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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