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What to Plant with Peppers | Pepper Planting 101

Whether you sauté it, dip it in sour cream, top it on pizzas or eat it raw, peppers are among the most common vegetables we eat regularly. But have you ever thought about planting them in your backyard? Growing peppers are relatively easy, especially if you live in warmer climates. 

The Different Types of Peppers and Its Advantages

 

But before you start planting, it’s essential to know the basics, such as what to plant with peppers to encourage healthy growth, the different types of peppers, as well as growing plants in greenhouses. 

Peppers are native to Mexico, Central and South America, and the West Indies. They grow best in sunny areas, and they should be planted in nutrient-rich, well-drained soil. You can improve your soil quality by adding a generous amount of organic fertilizer, like aged herbivore manure (goats, cows, lamas, etc.).

 

The Different Types of Peppers and Its Advantages

 

Peppers are a kitchen staple in every household. Additionally, each type of pepper has its unique health benefits. According to Dr. Michael Greger’s Nutrition Facts, eating bell peppers and other vegetables can reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. Here are the different types of peppers and their health benefits:     

            

Red Bell Peppers

 

Most people think that all bell peppers are the same regardless of color. However, different bell peppers have their unique tastes and nutrients. 

 

Red peppers are sweet and delicious, and they contain loads of vitamin A. Red bell peppers are also rich in vitamin C, providing 200% of a person’s daily dose. They’re full of vitamins and antioxidants, including vitamin B56 and folate. 

 

Yellow Bell Peppers

 

Yellow peppers are also sweet and contain vitamin C; niacin, keep your digestive system healthy; and vitamin B can improve skin health. 

 

Green Bell Peppers

 

 On the other hand, green bell peppers have a slightly bitter taste, making it a great addition to salads and stir-fried dishes. A cup of green bell peppers contains 2.5 grams of fiber, and it’s loaded with antioxidants, vitamins C, and E.

 

Chili Peppers

 

Aside from bell peppers, chili peppers are also a staple in every kitchen. These spicy peppers pack a punch, adding heat and flavor to any dish. 

 

Most people consume the chili peppers come in powders and pastes, but you can use them straight from the pepper plant. These peppers are rich in minerals like potassium and vitamins C, B6, K1, and A. 

 

Serrano Peppers

 

Serrano peppers are another type of spicy peppers that contain capsaicin, a chemical that can improve heart health. These peppers also contain antioxidants that can boost the immune system. They also contain vitamins C and B6.

 

Anaheim Peppers

 

This mild California chili has high water content, making them a low-calorie vegetable. These peppers grow up to 6 to 10 inches, and they contain iron, potassium, vitamin C, and vitamin A. 

 

Jalapeño Peppers

 

This pepper is known for its mild to moderate spicy taste, a perfect addition to any type of dish. Jalapeño poppers, dips, pickles, and salsa are just some of the dishes we all know and love. Aside from its versatility, this pepper contains capsaicin, which may increase metabolism, relieve topical pain, and reduce insulin spikes.  

 

Habanero Peppers

 

Habanero peppers may be small, but they have a Scoville measurement of 100,000 – even higher than jalapeños. These peppers may help lower blood pressure and cholesterol. Some studies even show that habanero peppers may prevent prostate cancer

 

Cayenne Peppers

 

You probably have a bottle of cayenne peppers sitting in your spice rack. This pepper is another kitchen staple that’s often used to flavor savory dishes. Cayenne contains vitamins A, B6, C, E, and K. It also contains manganese and potassium, as well as anti-inflammatory benefits. 

 

Companion Plants for Peppers and How Each One Contributes for Companion Growth

 

Companion planting techniques can be very beneficial for your garden. It can maximize garden space, enhance the flavor of your crops, increase growth rates, increase yields, and repel harmful insects. As a result, you wouldn’t have to use chemical products to ward off bugs or fertilize your garden plants. 

 

There are different companion plants for different types of crops. Here are some of the vegetables, flowers, and herbs that you can plant near your pepper patch.

 

Peas

 

Peas can increase the nitrogen in the soil, enhance the flavor of your peppers, and cover the ground to prevent weeds from growing. 

 

Radishes

 

When planted around peppers, radishes can enhance the flavor, utilize garden space, and serve as a beautiful ground cover to prevent weeds. It’s relatively easy to grow radishes as well, and you can harvest them in about four weeks from sowing. 

 

Basil

 

Garden pests like mites, slugs, aphids, flies, and certain beetles don’t like basil. Planting them near your patch prevents insects and critters from destroying your plants. 

 

Onions, Leeks, and Chives

 

Planting chives, onions, or leeks near your pepper plants can prevent insect pests and enhance the flavor of your patch. Chives are a perennial plant, so you’ll enjoy more flavorful chives after your first harvest. They also attract pollinators like bees and butterflies to your garden. 

 

Spinach, Chard, and Lettuce

 

These low growing plants can provide ground cover that can help control weeds. 

 

Dill

 

Dill repels aphids and spider mites that can ruin your pepper patch. At the same time, it also attracts helpful insects and pollinators to your garden. 

 

Petunias, Nasturtiums, and Marigolds

 

These beautiful flowers are a perfect addition to every garden. It provides aesthetic value, but these flowers can also help repel aphids, squash bugs, whiteflies, beetles, and other pests. 

 

Tomatoes

 

Tomatoes are a tremendous neighboring plant for peppers as it helps keep the soil free of harmful roundworms and beetles. 

 

Oregano, Rosemary, and Marjoram

 

These herbs have a strong scent that can enhance the flavor of your peppers and repel insects. 

 

Geraniums

 

Germanium leaves can paralyze Japanese beetles if they munch on them. It’s a great trap crop, and it’ll be easier for you to pick them off your patch. Cabbageworms are not a fan of germanium as well. 

 

Corn

 

Planting corn around your pepper patch can shield your peppers from strong winds and excessive heat. 

 

Buckwheat

 

This attracts pollinators to fertilize your pepper plants. Additionally, buckwheat can be a green mulch for your garden after harvesting it. 

 

Asparagus

 

Comingling asparagus with peppers is an effective space saver. After you harvest asparagus in the spring, you can immediately plant peppers on the same bed. 

 

Don’t Plant These Plants Near Your Pepper.

 

While there are beneficial companion plants, there are also harmful plants that should not be placed near your peppers:

 

Beans

 

While sweet peppers can tolerate beans, you don’t want to plant them next to your hot peppers; otherwise, they will grow poorly. 

 

Fennel

 

Not a lot of plants like to grow near fennel, including peppers. If you’re planning to grow fennel, make sure to keep them in a separate bed. 

 

Apricots

 

Apricots and peppers usually suffer from similar diseases. Prevent them from spreading by planting them away from each other.

 

Brassicas

 

Kale, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and other brassicas shouldn’t be planted near your peppers as well. 

 

Potatoes

 

Even though peppers grow well with eggplants and tomatoes, you should keep your peppers away from potatoes. Peppers and potatoes often catch the same diseases. To prevent the spread of disease, don’t plant potatoes next to peppers. 

 

The Benefits of Growing Peppers in a Greenhouse

 

Investing in a greenhouse is one of the best decisions you’ll make. It provides an ideal environment for healthy plant growth. If you’re still on the fence, here are some of the benefits of growing crops in a greenhouse:

 

Protection from the Elements

 

Getting a greenhouse makes sense if you live in areas with extreme weather conditions. Greenhouses shield your plants from the elements. Strong winds and extremely high temperatures can negatively affect delicate plants. 

 

Greenhouses have a translucent cover that diffuses the sunlight while ensuring sufficient ventilation. Using a greenhouse will protect your plants from unwanted elements, keeping them safe and healthy until harvest.

 

Repel Pests

 

Another notable benefit of greenhouses is that it protects your plants from animals and insects. With your plants enclosed in the greenhouse, harmful insects and unwanted predators like moles, birds, and deer, won’t be able to prey on your plants. As a result, you wouldn’t have to use toxic pesticides or chemicals to repel pests and critters. 

 

Longer Growing Periods

 

Greenhouses offer longer growing periods since it offers a controlled climate for growing plants. This ensures that your plants will grow healthy for weeks or months longer. 

 

Plant a Variety of Plants

 

If you live in colder climates, it may not be a good environment to grow peppers. Greenhouses can provide a warmer and more humid environment, even if the weather is chilly. 

 

This heat and insulation enable you to plant warm-season vegetables like peppers and other exotic plants. You must understand the needs of the crops you’re planning to grow. In this way, you’ll be able to adjust the greenhouse according to your plants’ preferences. 

 

Tips in Planting Peppers in a Greenhouse

 

If you’re planting peppers for the first time or need a refresher, here are a few tips you need to remember:

 

Speed Up the Process

 

The spicier the pepper, the longer it takes to mature. You can hasten the growth by soaking the seeds for 10 minutes before planting it. This softens the seed cover and increases germination time. 

 

Diseases to Watch Out For

 

Keep your pepper plant healthy by getting rid of snails and slugs that could harm your peppers. Aphids are your plant’s enemy as well. You can rid of them by hosing your adult pepper plants (not advisable for seedlings), but be sure not to soak the plant! Rotating your crops can also avoid these pests. 

 

You don’t want flea beetles munching on your fresh leaves as well. 

Their larvae can survive in the soil and roots. 

They often appear in the middle of the day. You can get rid of them by hosing your plants down. Fortunately, growing crops in a greenhouse prevents pests from eating or destroying your plants.

 

Watering

 

Since peppers thrive in full sun locations, they require a lot of water to cope with the heat. Keeping the soil damp and wet is enough, but when temperatures rise, you may need to increase your watering frequency. An inch of water every four days is the standard amount. 

 

Soil Conditions

 

Peppers grow best in nutrient-rich soil that contains a good amount of phosphorus and calcium. 

 

The soil’s pH levels should range from 6.0 to 7.0, and the ideal soil temperature for improved germination is around 70 degrees Fahrenheit or slightly above that to break dormancy. You can also place heat mats beneath the pots to achieve the perfect soil temperature. When your pepper plants start to bloom, apply foliar feed every ten days. 

 

Additionally, make sure to add fertilizer once the first fruit emerges. This ensures that you’ll grow larger fruits. However, keep in mind that too much fertilizer may limit your plants to produce more fruit. 

 

Lighting and Temperature

 

Along with proper temperature control, pepper plants need consistent light. Pepper seedlings grow better with a temperature of 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit in the morning and 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit in the evening. Be sure to choose a spot in your greenhouse where your plants could get at least six hours of direct sunlight per day. 

 

Harvesting

 

When harvesting mature sweet peppers, it’s essential to be gentle. Otherwise, fragile parts will break if you tug too hard. It’s better to use scissors, hand pruners, or a sharp blade. 

 

For hot peppers, don’t forget to wear gloves. If not available, be sure to clean your hands after harvesting. NEVER rub your eyes or face to prevent burning. 

 

Final Thoughts 

 

Greenhouses are an excellent investment for every plant lover. It lets you create your microclimate, control temperature, and humidity, and you can grow vegetables throughout the year. 

 

If you’re looking for high quality and cost-effective greenhouses, Krostrade offers a wide range of foil and plastic greenhouses. You can choose from our wide array of products, or you can have one custom-made based on your needs and preferences. If you want to know more, don’t hesitate to contact us at [email protected]

 

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How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

Want to know how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds? Marigold flowers are a mainstay in most of the gardens. They bloom beautiful flowers all season long and they’re easy to grow from seed. Knowing how to save marigold seeds is essential if you want to continue growing them the next season.

Fortunately, harvesting marigold seeds are quite quick and easy. You only need to take the seeds from the flowers and let them air dry before storing them during the winter season. You can pack it up with a container or seed packets to save even more for the next growing season. Some of the marigold flowers are edible and best to mix in your salads to add a distinct flavor to it.

 

Tools You’ll Need to Harvest Marigold Flowers

The tools you’ll need to harvest marigold flowers include a basket or other available containers that can be used in harvesting flowers. You’ll also need some paper towels, a sharp knife, a pair of scissors, or gardening shears.

Since you need to evaluate or describe the process, get yourself some notes. Seed packets can be envelopes or closed-air containers excluding plastic containers and bags.

 

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Here’s how you can harvest marigold plants for flower arrangements and bouquets:

 

Letting Marigold Flowers Dry

It’s important to wait until the right time to collect marigold seeds. You can harvest the seeds when the petals are dry already (when the base of each flower turning brownish). However, make sure there’s still is a bit of green color left in the base of the bloom. If you also wait until it is completely turned brown, it may start to rot or mold. It’s important to wait for the perfect time to harvest marigolds since the timing is crucial to have the right quality of marigold seeds.

Tip in harvesting: While you are harvesting, simply cut each marigold flower heads using your cutting equipment or either pinch it with your finger. However, be sure not to pull the flowers as it can harm the roots of your marigolds.

 

Opening the Marigold

Get your paper towel and set it on a flat surface. After, hold each bloom’s base, pull-off, and discard the petals and leaves of it. Then, you will easily notice the attached seeds inside the base. In the meantime, set the prepared blooms on your paper towels for bulk removal of seeds. You may also use larger towels to manage and accommodate the abundant blooms of your marigolds.

 

Removal of Marigold Seeds

Marigold seeds are likely to have a long, slender, and pointed appearance. Divided ends with black color and white color on the opposite edge. Gather your blooms, pull-off all petals, and leaves, and start pulling the seeds from the base. After getting all marigold seeds, discard the base in a single place like in bins or garbage bags. After sorting, put another paper towel on another flat surface and spread the pulled marigold seeds on it.

 

Drying of Seeds

As mentioned above, let your marigold seeds air dry for about a week in an uncovered paper towel. It will enable them to be preserved even in frost season and will prevent it from getting rot and mold.

 

Seed Storing

After drying the seeds, gather them and start placing them inside your seed packets to prolong their lifespan and will still be used after the frost date. Do not use plastic bags in storing your marigold seeds because it will retain residual moisture, which will affect your marigold seeds and even get rot and mold. To avoid forgetting about your marigold seeds, put a label on it to prevent possible disposal if unlabeled.

 

Using Stored Seeds for Replanting

After storing your collected marigold seeds, it is perfect to plant during the growing season. You can enjoy once again the benefits of it from house beautification to an edible ingredient for your salad.

 

Facts about Marigold Flowers

Marigolds are especially good for repelling insects and pests, making them companion plant for tomatoes, eggplants, tomatoes, and chili pepper because of its pungent scent of some variety. It is amazing having this kind of flow in your plant, imagine you don’t only have a beautiful attractive garden but having also a very natural insect and pest repellent that will protect your plants from any abrogation.

African marigolds have larger flower heads on plants that grow from 10 to 36 inches tall. While French marigolds are smaller and bushier, having only two inches of flower head across on plants and only having six to eighteen inches height. Sizes and colors vary on its classification, having a mixed combination is pretty great, will also add more pleasant and abundant color to your garden.

 

The Benefits of Growing Marigolds in a Greenhouse

Have you ever thought of growing your marigolds in a greenhouse? If you haven’t, it’s time to consider getting a greenhouse.

Greenhouses are great for keeping your marigolds safe from pests and diseases. Marigolds are susceptible to insects and blight, such as caterpillars, aphids, leaf spots, and mildews. You can lower the risk of plant damage by growing your marigolds in a greenhouse.

Additionally, greenhouses can also keep your plants safe from bad weather that could easily damage your flowers.

 

Final Thoughts on How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Knowing how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds is crucial if you’re planning to plant them in your garden. These beautiful flowers that usually come in yellow and orange colors are a great addition to any garden or flower arrangement.

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