The Basics of Growing Carrots in San Diego - Krostrade

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The Basics of Growing Carrots in San Diego

Growing carrots in San Diego is as easy as 1-2-3! You just need to plant them in loose, rich soil when the temperature is anywhere between 45 to 85˚F. Whether you plant them in raised beds or containers, you can easily grow carrots throughout the year.

 

The Basics of Growing Carrots in San Diego

When is the Best Time to Grow Carrots in San Diego?

The best time to grow carrots in San Diego or Southern California is from late summer to early spring. California weather lets us grow carrots all year round, but the most flavorful ones grow in mid-September and into early April.

If you’ve tried planting carrots during different times of the year, you’d notice a difference in taste and texture. While the plants look good, the carrots usually taste bland or bitter. Some of them even have a tough texture.

September is a great month to start planting carrots. The seeds start to germinate faster when the soil is warm – usually between 65 to 85 degrees.  The University of California says that it takes six to seven days for carrots to emerge in warmer soil temperatures, while it would take 20 days in colder soil.

Here are some of the tips you should know about growing carrots in San Diego:

Prepare the Planting Bed

Carrots can grow in a raised bed or a container. To prepare the planting bed, turn the soil at least 12 inches deep. If your soil has too much clay in it, mix sand and well-aged compost. Remember that loose soil is best if you want to grow delicious carrots.

 

Water the Bed

Carrots thrive best in moist soil, so make sure to water the bed and let it sit for one to two days before sowing. An evenly watered soil is ideal for fast growth and germination.

 

Sow Carrot Seeds

Sow your carrot seeds thinly and evenly across your planting bed. The seeds should be spaced at least an inch apart to allow room for growth. Cover your seeds with ¼-inch potting soil and slightly press down. This ensures that your seeds are in contact with the soil.

 

Protect Your Carrot Seeds

Protect your seeds from excessive heat and heavy rains. If the weather is hot and dry, you can use burlap to cover your seeds. But make sure to remove it when they sprout. Cover your seeds with floating row covers to protect them from rain. Don’t forget to look under the cover every two days!

 

Remove Weeds and Keep the Soil Moist

As mentioned, carrots grow best in moist soil, so be sure to keep the soil well-watered. Deep and even watering encourages the roots to grow healthily. Also, make sure to pick the weeds that compete for growing space and soil moisture.

 

What are Some of the Best Vegetables to Grow in San Diego?

Aside from carrots, several other vegetables grow well in San Diego, like eggplant, cucumber, beets, and spinach. Spring season in Southern California is the perfect time to start planting. Aside from carrots, here are some of the plants you should grow in San Diego:

 

Cucumbers

You can plant cucumbers from March to May. They grow best in well-mulched and fertilized soil, but they need about a gallon of water every week. It’s best to invest in a rain barrel to ensure that your cucumbers are watered well.

 

Spinach

Spinach is rich in iron, magnesium, potassium, and Vitamins K and A. The best time to plant spinach in San Diego is between March and April so you can enjoy your harvest throughout summer.

 

Beets

Beets also grow well in Southern California and they’re relatively easy to grow. Just make sure to consistently water your beets for them to grow rapidly. Beets are great for detoxification. They’re high in vitamins and minerals that can lower the risk of certain diseases like cancer and heart disease.

 

Eggplant

If you want to add fiber to your diet, you can plant eggplants in your backyard! April is the best time to plant this delicious vegetable is during April. However, you need to pay close attention to your eggplants because they attract harmful critters and they’re prone to catch fungal diseases.

 

Peppers

Peppers not only add a strong kick to your dishes, but they can also boost your metabolism and help burn fat. Peppers thrive in warm, sunny climates, so they’re best planted in May.

 

Radishes

If you want a quick harvest, radishes are ready to harvest in about a month after planting. They’re easy to grow, so they’re a perfect starter vegetable. Just make sure to give them enough space to grow: two inches for small radishes and four inches for bug daikons and other storage radishes.

 

Tomatoes

Tomatoes grow well in the warm, sunny San Diego weather. As they’re growing, your tomatoes should get at least six hours of sunlight every day. Additionally, make sure they have enough space to grow vertically.

 

Why Is It Better to Grow Plants in a Greenhouse?

Greenhouses offer numerous benefits, like protecting your plants from harsh weather, insects, and other animals. Whether you’ve been planting vegetables for years or you just started your garden, here are some of the reasons why you should consider investing in a greenhouse:

 

Grow plants throughout the year

For your plants to grow healthy, they need an adequate amount of water, space, and sun. It can be a challenge to grow plants in colder areas. This is why investing in a greenhouse gives you an advantage. You can create your own microclimate in your greenhouse to support the growth of your vegetables all year round.

 

Protect your plant from pests and rough weather

Pests and rough weather can destroy all your hard work. By placing your plants in a greenhouse, you can prevent pests, heavy rains, and excessive heat from destroying your crops.

 

Grow plants organically

By growing plants in a greenhouse, you don’t have to use harmful chemicals to keep pests away.

 

Final Thoughts on Growing Carrots in San Diego

Growing carrots in San Diego is easy if you have the right tools and resources. To create the perfect growth environment for your plants, you’ll need to set up a strong and durable greenhouse that’s made with hot-dipped galvanized pipes that are able to withstand harsh weather conditions. To get started with your greenhouse gardening experience, get in touch with Krostrade to purchase your first greenhouse today!

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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