How To Use Water Pump. Comprehensive Guide

Knowing how to use water pump is easy, and you only need to understand four steps. However, it would help if you also distinguished the differences in using a water pump for gardens and vegetable patches versus smaller gardens and potted plants. Remember that your plants’ water system should always be operating smoothly to ensure that your plants receive their water requirements consistently.

Regardless if you’re watering in the greenhouse or outdoors, the water pump is one of the most common watering systems. While the greenhouse provides an optimal growing environment, the success in the production lies with water supply. Additionally, water supply takes on irrigation, growing media preparation, cleaning, pesticide application, and even evaporative cooling. 

How To Use Water Pump. Comprehensive Guide

How To Use Water Pump For Beginners

You only need four steps to use a water pump, but you must know the difference between using pumps for gardens or vegetable patches versus smaller gardens and potted plants. Additionally, identify the differences between water pumps and pumping systems to choose the ideal one for your area and plants. 

 

For gardens and vegetable patches

A pump that is ideal for gardens and vegetable patches is an irrigation pump. You can use a rainwater tank, lake, or well as the source of water, and you don’t have to worry about the slow drawing of water even if it’s far due to the pump’s design. The distribution of water among the plants is reliable, and you can choose to do it above or below the soil. 

 

Guide for using water pump in 4 steps

For the usage of a water pump to be efficient, consider the size of your area, how far it will be from the water source, flow rate, and plants’ needs. Afterward, choose the ideal irrigation pump and do the following four steps:

  1. Connect the pump to the water source using a spiral hose with fittings securely
  2. Place the filter to the suction tube to ensure that there will be no impurities that can damage the pump
  3. Connect the delivery port with fittings and check the connections to the outlet pipe
  4. Prepare or prime the pump by filling it with water to purge air from the pump

 

For small gardens and potted plants

While an irrigation pump is suitable for gardens and vegetable patches, you might have a smaller area, and an irrigation system is unnecessary. You can use a pump that comes in the form of a backpack sprayer instead of a watering can. This will save you time because of the larger water tank that reduces refills while also having a better flow rate and power output. 

If you don’t want manual intervention, use a drop water pump with an automatic timer to do the watering for you. This system is relatively easy to assemble, and you can do it yourself, especially for a small garden. Use a combination of drip emitters on a timer for an inexpensive yet efficient way of automatic watering

 

Types Of Water Pumps For Garden

 

Submersible vs superficial

You can classify water pumps into submersible and superficial. The two differ in the way they extract water from a source. With this in mind, surface extraction is best if your source is close to the garden or if it’s from the bottom of a well.

On the other hand, you can opt for a more complex submersible pump if your source is deep at around 80 meters. Generally speaking, a common water source for greenhouses would be submersible centrifugal pumps, and if this is the case, the only maintenance is cleaning the parts. Disassemble the pump and clean the valve, screen, and motor lead wires to maintain water flow and pressure, especially if the water you’re using is high in chemicals, particulates, or iron. 

Additionally, the pressure switch is also at risk of getting burnout and arcing, so check that part as well. 

 

What Are Pumping Systems?

Later on, it would be best to understand the different kinds of pumping systems for possible troubleshooting. For example, you should ensure that your source provides clean water to avoid damaging the pump using vortex or vibration to suction water. However, if you’re using a centrifugal pumping system, pollution on the source shouldn’t be a problem at the expense of more complex installation. 

You might also consider choosing between dependent, autonomous, and gasoline feeding methods for the pumps. Gardens and greenhouses typically use drip irrigation, so a dependent power source should suffice. However, you can save effort by using autonomous or gasoline power systems if you are willing to increase costs. 

 

Conclusion

The system you’ll choose for the water supply plays a significant role in your plants’ productivity. Therefore, learning how to use water pump is a mandatory skill for every gardener. The steps are relatively simple in which you connect to the water source, filter the suction tube, connect to the delivery port towards the outlet, and prime the pump.

It would be best to choose the appropriate water pump for the greenhouse, garden and vegetable patches, and small gardens and potted plants. Greenhouses work best with submersible centrifugal pumps, while an irrigation pump is suitable for vegetable patches. On the other hand, smaller areas or potted plants can do well with a backpack sprayer or a drop water pump.

 

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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