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How To Tell If Clones Are Rooting. 2 Tests To Do

There are two ways to know how to tell if clones are rooting. Nowadays, it’s not surprising that many gardeners create cannabis plants through asexual reproduction. It may sound complicated when you hear the word cloning, but this simply pertains to using a cutting from a parent plant

With cloning, you can ensure that what you’ll harvest are exact copies of your best plants traditionally or using a machine. If you have a parent plant with excellent characteristics, cloning is the best method for reproducing cannabis. However, you must also know if the clones are rooting to do the necessary practices correctly. 

 

How To Tell If Clones Are Rooting. 2 Tests To Do

Test #1. Tugging

The first and perhaps the most straightforward way to know if your clones have developed roots is tugging them gently. Do this in an upward motion with slight force, and you should feel some firmness to indicate rooting. Be careful in doing this test too early because you don’t want to damage the roots and kill the clones. 

 

Test #2. Check for new growth

Another way to check for rooting is waiting for your clones to develop new growth. Remember that tugging can be risky, so growers often wait for new growth instead. More so, be familiar that rooting can take somewhere between 7 to 14 days, so only expect the holding on the soil or new growth around these periods. 

You should also expect your clones not to wilt even though you stopped misting if they formed roots. But again, this test is risky and can kill your clones. Overall, you should find what test works for you based on experience and mark your calendar when you should expect roots. 

 

Why Are Your Clones Not Rooting?

You can feel more at ease with your clones if you ensure that you have done the proper maintenance and practices to encourage their root development. This includes knowing what can prevent them from rooting as well. More so, you are probably neglecting some techniques that affect the rooting of your clones. 

 

Mistakes in taking and preparing cuttings

For example, you must take cuttings that are long enough for burying and spraying. It would help if you cut them at a 45-degree angle to prevent them from getting blocked up. Remove some of the leaves and dip them in rooting hormone before planting. 

 

Mistakes in the environment and medium for rooting

Second, the environment for the cuttings might not be supportive of root growth. The greenhouse is an excellent way to ensure that you can provide an environment with 90% humidity to encourage rooting. Don’t forget to use a moist medium that is influential for root development. 

Growers typically use rockwool as their rooting medium because of its moisture retention. This makes it easy to ensure that the cuttings don’t stay somewhere dry that can kill them. If you use rockwool, you don’t need to water often, and you can expect rooting after ten days. 

 

Mistakes in maintenance

Moisture is crucial for encouraging rooting of clones. However, improper watering is also problematic. You want to spray the bottom of the leaves to avoid the development of fungal diseases. Remember that if the top of the leaves doesn’t dry out, you risk developing fungal growth. 

More so, check the environment where you’re keeping the clones. Extreme heat or cold can damage and kill the roots. And if you’re using a propagator, dry the condensation inside and at the bottom.  

 

How To Clone Cannabis Plants

 

Step #1. Choosing the medium and setup

To further ensure that your clones will root, choose the suitable rooting medium and setup. You can use machines that will do most of the work for you compared to traditional setups. Otherwise, use the proper environment and add the necessary equipment such as a humidity dome and heat mat. 

 

Step #2. Taking and rooting cuttings

You then want to use a healthy parent plant that is two months into the vegetative cycle to ensure that it can withstand the cutting. You can also prepare it by stopping fertilizing on the days before you want to take cuttings. This way, you don’t risk having the clones diverting their energy in growing vegetation from the excess of nitrogen. 

Select branches with at least two nodes and have no signs of any damage. Use a sharp and sterile tool at a 45-degree angle to increase the rooting surface area. Place the cutting in rooting hormone and into the root cube or cloning machine. 

 

Step #3. Maintenance and transplanting

As mentioned earlier, you want to check your clones’ moisture every day to encourage root development. You can also mist the leaves and continuously check for those with mold to remove them immediately. You can expect transplanting in 10 days, depending on the roots. 

 

Conclusion

Cloning cannabis plants is an excellent way to produce the same copies of your quality strains. However, you should know how to tell if clones are rooting to do the ideal practices in your production management. You can test for roots by gently tugging your clones upward or by checking for new growth. 

Remember that root development can take between 7 to 14 days, so be careful in doing tests that can potentially damage your clones. Rooting clones is not something to be intimidated by, and so is checking for cuttings. Over time, you’ll gain experience with your practices, and you’ll know how to check your clones by instinct.

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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