How To Root Geraniums From Cuttings

There are a few steps to follow if you want to know how to root geraniums from cuttings including time, container, mixture, and place, to name a few. Geraniums are prominent houseplants, since they are very prolific, tough, and straightforward to maintain.

Perhaps, you would want to learn how to root geraniums from cuttings because you’ve known that they’re also easy to propagate. In this guide, we’ll follow some simple steps in rooting geraniums from cuttings. Let’s delve further.

how to root geraniums from cuttings

Steps In Rooting Geraniums From Cuttings

Growing geraniums from cuttings is exciting. It is because you can maintain the breed of the mother plant, at the same time, ensure fresh flowers with the young plant. Don’t worry though; the steps are very easy. But, you need to have patience and passion to accomplish the process.

 

#1 Selecting the right time to do the rooting

The best times to root geraniums are during late summer and early spring. But, it is worth noting that these plants don’t have a dormant period. This means that they can grow the year round, without needing to wait for a certain time of the year. Perhaps, this is one of the greatest advantages if you have geraniums.

With that being said, you can always do this process any time- fall, summer, or spring. Still, you’ll be guaranteed of a healthy cutting. But then, if you perform this process earlier, the flowers will bloom that summer. Later cuttings, on the other hand, will flower the next summer.

 

#2 Choosing a healthy geranium

You just can’t root an unhealthy shoot, obviously. It is important for you to know which the healthy shoots are; those squat and fat shoots are a great idea.

If the plant appears healthy and it is not flowering, then it’s a good option. However, if you don’t have any choice, then you can use the flowering shoot (though it should be your last option).

 

#3 Taking the cuts

In cutting the shoots, you need to have a sharp knife or a clean scalpel. Don’t use secateurs; it’s not ideal to cut the shoots, it might crush them. When cutting, do it above the node or the leaf joint.

The shoot can be cut off at a length of around 3 to 4 inches. But if the plant is already small, the length to cut should be half.

 

#4 Trimming the cut

Get rid of the scales and leaves found in the base of the stalk. When trimming, make sure that it’s done just below the node. You can just leave the leaves at the top (two or more will do).

Also, you can remove flower buds, if you take the flowering shoot. For as long as they are found in the bottom half of the cutting, remove them. Then, cut the stem below the node; it is where the plant’s hormone is concentrated.

 

#5 Aiding the cut

Now, it’s time for you to decide whether or not you will use some aid for the cutting. Some planters use a rooting hormone to ensure root growth. Well, others recommend to dip the cuttings to honey; they use it as a root hormone. This process is optional, so the discretion lies to you.

Do avoid root hormone powders though. This kind of root hormone is not needed by geraniums; it may hinder their growth.

 

#6 Preparing the containers

You can either use a peat-based seed compost or a cutting compost. If these organic matters are not accessible, you can always DIY using equal parts of sharp sand and peat.

In terms of the size, it depends upon the number of cuttings. For individual cuttings, you can use a container with a size of around 3 inches; while for up to 5 cuttings, you can opt for the 5 inches.

 

#7 Making holes in your potting mix

Get a pencil or dibble and use it to make holes in the potting mix. Anyway, you can use your finger; but make sure to clean it afterwards. It’s best to place the holes near the edges so it will be easier for water to drain later on.

 

#8 Inserting the cut and watering it

This is very simple; you just have to insert the cut in your potting mix. Be slow and sure.  In order for the compost to keep its moisture, water the cutting. It should also be done lightly.

Overwatering can be detrimental to the cutting. If you cover it with water, there’s a risk of the growth of botrytis, a mold that can lead to decomposition and decay. This will most likely hinder the growth of your geranium.

 

#9 Placing in the right spot

The cutting requires a warm place to live in. Remember though that it should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Perhaps, a sunny windowsill will suffice. Also, you can use a propagator or a heating mat.  For as long as the area is shaded, it’s the best choice.

 

#10 Growing roots

When watering the cutting, make sure that you do it lightly. Also, keep the compost dry. Roots may appear within 3 days, depending upon the variety of the geranium. Others take it longer to root, especially if it’s cool.

 

Conclusion

Now that you know how to root geraniums from cuttings, it’s time for you to do it for yourself. As you can see, the process is very straightforward. Make sure that you follow each step religiously to get the best results.

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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