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How To Root Bougainvillea Cuttings In 4 Steps

You can simplify the process into four steps to know how to root bougainvillea cuttings. This tropical vining shrub will undoubtedly make your garden stand out, and it doesn’t even require much effort to grow. And if you know how to start bougainvillea from cuttings, you can produce exact copies of your favorite plants.

While bougainvillea will tolerate challenging conditions, remember that you must provide the cuttings’ optimal environment to grow roots. This is easier to achieve in the greenhouse because you have control over different factors indoors. This is why starting plants indoors will put you at a headstart on developing roots. 

 

How To Root Bougainvillea Cuttings In 4 Steps

How To Grow Bougainvillea From Cuttings

 

Step #1. Collection

The first step for rooting bougainvillea from cuttings is collecting the cuttings themselves. Wear gloves and be mindful in protecting your eyes when handling bougainvillea. It would also be best to mark your calendar from the end of spring to the middle of summer to take the cuttings when the plants are actively growing. 

One can assume that this is a crucial step because the cuttings you must take should be healthy. Therefore, the parent bougainvillea for the cuttings should also be in optimal condition. If your area is challenging for bougainvillea, you can consider growing them in the greenhouse instead. 

This way, you can select cuttings without worrying about stressing the parent plants. Choose a disease-free stem section with around seven nodes to ensure a healthy bougainvillea later on. And compared to other plants, you want to use hardwood or semi-ripe stems instead of the younger green ones for optimal rooting. 

 

Step #2. Preparation

Use sharp and sterile shears to cut a section around six inches, but don’t be afraid to cut back the plant to have more cuttings to use. A useful tip to remember is cutting the lower end at a 45-degree angle because this will help in rooting. Remember that the larger the surface area of the end, the easier it will be for the plant to take water and nutrients, crucial for root development. 

Before planting, don’t forget to remove all leaves, flowers, and offshoots so that they won’t compete with root development. You also want to ensure that you’ll only be left with the woody shaft and no green sections. You have the option to store the cuttings for one to two weeks in the refrigerator or use them for rooting immediately. 

If you plan on growing the cuttings, you can dip the end in rooting hormone to encourage faster root development. Some gardeners even make their own rooting ingredients made from everyday household items. Otherwise, keep your cuttings from drying out by wrapping them in damp paper towels and placing them in an airtight plastic bag for storing in the refrigerator. 

 

Step #3. Rooting

You can root the cuttings in the greenhouse inside containers with a moist growing medium. You can also mix potting soil, sand, and compost for growing bougainvillea. The bottom line is that it should be well-draining to avoid rot as the cutting grows root. 

Stick the cutting into the medium so that it stands upright. You can also plant at an angle, so the nodes are in contact with the medium. To avoid overcrowding, allocate one cutting per pot as well. 

After planting, water your cuttings thoroughly, so the medium is moist. This will be supportive of rooting, but you also don’t want to create a wet environment. Use a well-draining container as well to avoid standing water. 

 

Step #4. Maintenance

As previously mentioned, you don’t want to overwater the cuttings because they can damage the roots. More so, a wet environment can encourage fungal diseases that will indeed inhibit rooting. Instead, always check the medium when maintaining moisture. 

Similar to other plants, your bougainvillea cuttings will also benefit in a humid environment. Cover the pot with a plastic bag and place them somewhere cool and shaded in the greenhouse. You can expect the cuttings to root in 6 to 10 weeks if the environment is optimal. 

Once you notice multiple offshoots on the stem, you can consider uprooting the cutting. Bougainvilleas will be generally low-maintenance once established. They can survive drought and can even withstand challenging conditions. 

 

 

How To Transplant Bougainvillea

The best area for bougainvillea is somewhere with acidic soil and receiving full sun. However, if you live in a colder region, you can still grow them in the greenhouse or treat them as houseplants. The good thing with these plants is they will also do well in containers or fences

 

Conclusion

Bougainvillea plants are relatively easy to propagate. You can learn how to root bougainvillea cuttings in as simple as four steps, and it’s perhaps the easiest way to grow new plants. Simply select a healthy parent plant and take as many cuttings as possible. 

Use sharp and sterile shears to take disease-free sections with enough nodes to grow. Make sure you’re getting woody parts and you’re taking the cuttings when the plants are actively growing. Then, remove all leaves and flowers to ensure that all nutrients are directed to root development. 

Dip the end in rooting hormone and stick one cutting per pot. Maintain a humid environment by covering the container with plastic before placing them somewhere cool in the greenhouse. Under optimal and stable conditions, you can expect root development by six weeks. 

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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