How To Prune St John's Wort. Best Easy Guide - Krostrade

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How To Prune St John’s Wort. Best Easy Guide

You have two considerations to master how to prune St John’s wort. The process itself is relatively simple, similar to how one would maintain other plants like lobelia. Remember that some plants require pruning as part of their maintenance practice to keep them healthy. 

More so, plants like St John’s wort flower from spring to summer, but pruning is necessary to keep them blooming well. Not only will pruning benefit your plant’s flowers and overall health, but this practice should keep them within control and maintain a neat-looking garden. Shrubs are excellent additions to the garden, but only if you retain their shape regularly. 

 

How To Prune St John's Wort. Best Easy Guide

Comprehensive Guide On How To Prune St John’s Wort

 

Timing

 

Early spring

Like with other plants, the best time to prune a St John’s wort is during early spring because new growth is about to begin. As mentioned earlier, these plants produce flowers in the summer, so you want to avoid pruning during this time, or you’ll have no flowers for the season. The blossoms will bloom as the plant grows in spring, and this is the ideal time to cut the plant back. 

 

Mid-summer

Besides early spring, are there other periods for pruning St. John’s wort? Pruning in early spring will help rejuvenate the plant and recover. You can cut every spring for maintenance, but some gardeners also prune half of the new stems in the middle of the summer to create a fuller growth. 

Another importance of this timing is that it will maintain your St. John’s Wort healthy and flowering. If you have many shrubs, you also want to thin some of them to provide a suitable space for each plant. 

You can cut the old and unproductive stems, which stand out from the others due to the odd shape and tall height. 

 

Three-year period

Lastly, a useful tip to remember is to plan a three-year period of pruning. Start with pruning one-third of the growth during the first year, one-half of the old stems on the second, and prune the remaining original branches in the third year. You can do this in addition to cutting for maintaining the shape and height of your shrubs.

 

Method

Before anything else, it’s also worth noting that St. John’s wort or Hypericums are a diverse group of species. Therefore, you want to consider groundcovers, shrubs, or spreaders when pruning your plants. Otherwise, the technique itself is no different than pruning other plants that require them. 

 

Tool preparation

For example, you want to use sharp and sterilized tools to create a clean cut. This retains the look of the shrub but won’t also put the plants at risk for infection. Remember to sterilize your shears with bleach and water and sharpen them beforehand as pruning presents an opportunity for pathogens to attack your plants. 

 

For rejuvenation

Pruning itself involves selecting all the damaged and dead branches. You can also keep your shrubs tidy and prevent them from overgrowing in the area by pruning the crossing branches. This will thin the plant, and you can also reduce the branches’ tips to help it rejuvenate itself for the next season. 

 

For flowering

Gardeners often prune at one-third of a St. John’s wort shrub’s total height to promote branch development and flowering from the cut tips. Aim to cut at an angle around 6 inches from the ground. But otherwise, a quarter an inch above the bud in a direction where you want new growth is also optimal. 

You can do this around the middle or late in March, especially for your plants that seem to have problems in flowering. 

 

How To Grow St. John’s Wort

Now that you know the proper way of maintaining these shrubs, you should also study how to correctly care for it. The process itself is simple, where you’ll choose an area with full sun and has well-draining soil. Perhaps the most significant problem you want to avoid is an overly wet environment. 

Watering and feeding St. John’s wort is as simple as maintaining soil moisture and using compost annually. Once established, the plant can survive drought and even poor soils. And if you want to prevent seed formation, you must deadhead the plant’s flowers when they fade. 

In terms of propagation, you can start the seeds indoors or sow them directly on the soil. But unlike other plants, you only have to press the seeds into the surface instead of covering them with soil. On the other hand, you can take stem cuttings around 4 inches long from an existing healthy parent plant for rooting St. John’s wort.  

 

Conclusion

Pruning shrubs is a simple practice that will rejuvenate your plants and promote flowering. Learning how to prune St John’s wort correctly will ensure a tidy garden and gorgeous blooms every season. You only have to consider the proper timing and method, and you shouldn’t have any problem maintaining this shrub. 

In general, early spring or mid-summer is the ideal time to prune St John’s wort. You can remove the damaged stems or use these periods to cut the tips and encourage more blossoms. The pruning technique itself is straightforward, where you reduce the branch tips and prune at one-third of the plant’s total height. 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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