4 Helpful Tips on How to Prune Concord Grapevines

Are you wondering how to prune concord grapevines? All the wine lovers out there would agree when we say that grapes are a godsend. There are about 60 species and over 8,000 varieties of this fleshy fruit.

Although the types of grapes that most people encounter are American, European, and French-American hybrids, another type of grape that’s usually grown in the United States is called Muscadine.

Grapes don’t just give us delicious jams, raisins, juice, and wines, but they also provide us with plenty of health benefits. It contains a lot of nutrients such as vitamins C, K, and B6. Furthermore, grapes are also rich sources of antioxidants that help reduce the risk of diabetes, cancer, and other chronic diseases.

Anyone who’s trying to lose weight by sticking to a low-calorie diet should include grapes in their diet. In case you’re not aware, you only get 67 calories from one hundred grams (100g) of grapes.

 

Facts About Concord Grapes

Concord grapes originate in Concord, MA, hence its name. They are derived from the Vitis labrusca grape species or the fox grape.

In most cases, the concord grape is used to produce juice grapes, as well as table grapes. Although it can also be used for making wine, most wine lovers prefer wine pressed from other grape species that don’t have the same candy-like sweetness as the concord grapes. Due to its excessively sweet flavor, these grapes are also used to make sacramental wine, Kosher wine that is served during Jewish celebrations, delicious grape pies, grape-flavored candy, soft drinks, jams, and jellies.

 

Tips on How to Prune Concord Grapevines

Pruning your concord grapes is extremely important because this involves the process of removing vines that aren’t needed for the next season’s growth. You can expect to have an abundant harvest of high-quality concord grapes if you don’t prune them properly. If you’re clueless about pruning concord grapevines, check out these tips:

 

Tip #1: Start planting in the spring

Start planting your grapevines in the early part of spring. Grapevines need a lot of sunlight to flourish, so choose a location where they get the most sunlight.

Keep in mind that canes that are exposed to light will yield the most fruits. Note that fruits are usually produced when the canes are a year old or more.

 

Tip #2: Prune when the plant is dormant

If it’s your first year in growing grapes, the University of Minnesota Extension advises you to develop a strong root system and straight trunk and to prune grapevines when they are dormant. This is usually done in the late winter or around March.

Furthermore, avoid pruning when there is severe frost to prevent more frost damage. Prune again in the spring when the leaves have fully developed and remove all the weak shoots.

You may also prune in the summer when the vines have yielded fruits while making sure that you leave the shoots with grapes. New growth and leaves that block the light should also be removed to allow the fruit to get enough sunlight that they need.

 

Tip #3: Cane prune for concord grapevines

There are two techniques in pruning grapevines – spur pruning and cane pruning. Spur pruning produces fruits from the buds that are near the base of the one-year-old canes while cane. Grapes that are usually spur pruned are Blush Seedless, Autumn Royal, New York Muscat, etc.

On the other hand, cane pruned grapevines produce fruits that are at the end of the one-year-old canes. Cane pruning is usually used for American varieties especially concord grapevines. Concord grapevines produce more high-quality fruit when pruned using this method.

If you happen to have old concord grapevines in your backyard, cut out the old wood, trunks, and new canes that grew on the vines, leaving only the healthy canes, wood, and buds that matured from the previous season.

 

Tip #4: No pruning, poor quality grapes

Remember this: less pruning than you’re supposed to or no pruning at all usually results in fewer or low-quality grapes. When pruning is poorly done, you’ll have nothing but low-quality grapes in small quantities during harvest time.

 

Advantages of Having Your Own Hobby Greenhouse

If you want to provide your tender plants with a secure and protected environment that shields them from inclement weather and the constant threat of pest infestations, grow them in your very own hobby greenhouse. Unlike traditional outdoor gardening, greenhouse gardening won’t require you to make emergency preparations in order to protect your plants from heavy rains, strong winds, snow, sleet, hail, blizzards, and other harsh weather conditions.

Furthermore, your hobby greenhouse serves as a protective barrier against destructive bugs and vermin that may throw all of your gardening efforts out the window. Lastly, you can easily create an ideal growing environment if you set up a hobby greenhouse because you’ll be able to have more control of the temperature and moisture levels that you expose your plants to.

 

Try Growing Grapevines in Hobby Greenhouses!

Learning how to prune concord grapevines is an awesome thing, but what’s even more awesome is growing these grapes in a hobby greenhouse in your own backyard! Experience the benefits of having your own personal botanical oasis! Try your hand at greenhouse gardening today!

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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