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How To Prune Black Eyed Susans In The Fall

You can learn how to prune black eyed susans in the fall by mastering two techniques. Even though they have a relatively short lifespan, you should never overlook these plants’ proper maintenance. This way, you will have tidy and healthy-looking blooms and foliage. 

And since pruning can be stressful, you can consider growing black-eyed susans indoors. This way, you don’t risk stressing your plants, and they’ll recover quickly after you cut or deadhead them. This article will also discuss the proper care and maintenance of these plants to help you make the most out of them.

 

How To Prune Black Eyed Susans In The Fall

Two Techniques For Pruning Black-Eyed Susans In The Fall

 

Technique #1. Cutting back

The first technique to master pruning of black-eyed susans in fall is cutting them back. Use this as an opportunity to remove the damaged and withered parts. However, remember to use sharp and sterile shears for a clean cut without the risk of damaging the plant or transmitting diseases in your garden. 

You can also cut back black-eyed susans to the ground in fall, after the first frost, as part of maintenance. This will rejuvenate your black-eyed susans for better growth in the next season. Just be mindful not to go deeper in cutting and accidentally damaging the roots, so leave a height of two inches above the soil.

 

Technique #2. Deadheading

The second technique for pruning black-eyed susans in fall is deadheading. Like most flowering plants, removing the faded flowers will encourage better blooms and even extend the season. More so, removing the flowers will prevent re-seeding that can encourage wildlife in your garden. 

You don’t need to wait for the fall to deadhead these plants, and you can deadhead them throughout the growing season to keep them tidy. After the second blooming period in the fall, you can choose to remove the plants or leave them be. The seed heads can feed winter wildlife, but most gardeners decide to keep the area tidy. 

 

Collecting black-eyed susan seeds

To make deadheading more worthwhile, consider collecting the seeds inside the cones of your mature black-eyed susan flowers. You can do this easily by breaking the cone over a surface and then storing the seeds in a paper bag. You can sow in spring or start your plants indoors, depending on your climate.

Some gardeners don’t even collect the seeds. They simply scatter the faded blooms over the garden directly, and the seeds will do the work. However, because they readily germinate, be mindful of this practice to keep them from being invasive. 

 

 

Fall And Winter Care Of Black-Eyed Susans

Before anything else, remember that you can classify black-eyed susan plants into annual and perennial varieties. With the former, you can expect them to die during winter. Therefore, it’s typical to deadhead them during the flowering period to encourage blooming in the fall. 

It’s also common to use this period to remove unhealthy plants and prepare the planting area for next year. On the other hand, perennial black-eyed susan varieties will continue blooming amidst cold climates. You can also deadhead or cut back these plants after blooming as part of their care.

After the first frost, don’t forget to mulch your perennial black-eyed susans and remove them in spring when the weather warms up. You can also remove diseased plants during this time, similar to annual varieties. 

 

Other Fall And Winter Activities For Black-Eyed Susans

You can grow both annual and perennial black-eyed susan varieties from seeds, and you can start collecting the seed heads from your faded flowers. Wait for four weeks to collect them so that it’s easier to gather the ripe and dark-colored seeds. Snip the seed heads from the stems and store them in the refrigerator to stratify the seeds for planting after three months. 

If you have older perennial plants, you can divide them every three years as part of maintenance. Dig up your plant in the fall and replant the divisions in a similar area. Water the transplants well but reduce the amount once winter comes. 

 

How To Grow Black-Eyed Susans Successfully

You can grow these plants in early spring in the greenhouse or garden. However, perennial black-eyed susans can also start growing in the fall from seed or transplants. In general, aim to have a soil temperature around 70°F for optimal growth. 

Choose an area that has well-draining soil and enough air circulation to avoid fungal diseases. Black-eyed susans will also bloom best somewhere sunny. If you’re growing in the greenhouse, you can use grow lights to provide their light requirements. 

Once your plants are well-established, you shouldn’t have any problem with serious diseases and problems. However, don’t forget to acclimate your plants first if you start them in the greenhouse before transplanting them outdoors. Your maintenance afterward will typically focus on pruning.

 

Conclusion

While black-eyed susans are generally low maintenance, you must still consider learning beneficial practices for their growth. There are two techniques to master if you need to know how to prune black eyed susans in the fall; cutting back and deadheading. Pruning black-eyed susans will allow the plant to rejuvenate itself and even grow better blooms. 

You can take advantage of this maintenance practice in the fall to avoid leaving seedheads. More so, pruning will prepare the plant for the winter. Otherwise, you can choose to leave your plants be to help the wildlife in your area during winter. 

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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