How to Prune a Banana Tree The Right Way

Have you ever wondered how to prune a banana tree? If you just planted bananas, it can be tricky to figure out how to prune them. The best time to prune a banana plant is before it bears fruit, so there’ll only be one stem remaining.

Let it grow for about six to eight months, and then prune it again but leave one sucker to replace the main stem for the next growing season. Once you’ve harvested the bananas, cut the main stem until they’re about two and a half feet tall. Cut the other stems as well in the next few weeks but leave the sucker in one piece.

How to Prune a Banana Tree

What You Need to Know About Growing a Banana Plant

The banana tree is commonly found in tropical countries, but contrary to popular belief, banana plants are not trees. Most people think bananas are trees because of its size, but it’s actually the largest herb in the world.

Bananas are delicious and it would be great to plant them in your backyard. Fortunately, these plants don’t need too much space, making them great houseplants. If you’re thinking about planting bananas, here’s what you need to know:

 

Light

Since banana plants thrive best in tropical regions, it makes sense that they prefer full sun.

 

Soil

Bananas grow well in well-draining soil with organic amendments. Plant them deep in slightly acidic soil with a pH level of 5.5 to 6.5.

 

Water

As mentioned, banana trees are mainly found in tropical regions, and they also originated in rainforests. This means that they need plenty of water and moisture in the air. They’re best planted in groups rather than individual plants because they retain moisture better this way.

The rule of thumb for watering banana plants is to ensure that the soil is moist at all times, but not soggy. Give your plants around one to two inches per week, and make sure not to overwater because this can cause root rot.

 

Temperature and humidity

Banana plants like humid conditions, but they don’t subject them to extreme weather conditions. Even the hardiest cold-tolerant banana plants prefer to be in temperatures between 75 to 95 degrees F.

Extremely low temperatures stunt can stunt plant growth, and it can even cause it to die back. You can guard your plants against extreme temperatures by placing them inside a greenhouse kit or a sheltered area. Another option is to bring your plants indoors or to winterize it when the cold season comes.

 

Fertilizer

You can fertilizer your banana plants every month using a balanced fertilizer. According to the California Rare Fruit Growers, you should scatter the fertilizer around the plant – about four to eight feet from the plant. Make sure NOT to let the fertilizer touch the trunk. If your bananas are in a container, do the same thing but at half the outdoor plants’ rate.

You can also feed them organic matter but pay close attention to the levels of potassium. Bananas are rich in potassium, making it an essential growth nutrient for banana plants.

 

Growing Bananas in Containers

If you don’t have a backyard, you can plant bananas in pots. However, they need at least 15-gallon containers to ensure that their roots can grow well. The main advantage of potted bananas is that you have full control over the plant’s environment. You can protect it from cold weather and unpredictable climate.

However, these plants are hungry and thirsty. Make sure you can keep up with their needs should you decide to plant them in containers. Only use high-grade potting mix and fertilize them frequently. Don’t forget about repotting your bananas at least every three years.

 

The Benefits of Planting in Using a Greenhouse Kit

A greenhouse kit is excellent for planting bananas because it allows you to control the temperature inside, allowing you to grow these tropical plants anywhere. Even if you live in colder regions, you can create a tropical climate inside your greenhouse kit. Other than that, here are other reasons why gardeners and hobbyists love to plant in a greenhouse:

 

You can plant early and grow almost anything

With a greenhouse, you can start planting even before the cold season begins in your area. Additionally, you can grow almost anything inside a greenhouse – from ornamental plants, fruit trees, and vegetables. By planting early, you’ll be able to harvest your crops earlier as well.

 

You can protect your plants from inclement weather

Unpredictable weather can take a toll on your plants. You can protect them from snow, frost, ice, heavy rain, and high winds by placing them inside a greenhouse. Once the weather becomes better, you can then transfer your plants outside if you want to.

 

You can keep your plants safe from harmful insects

Harmful insects like the sugarcane weevil, banana scab moths, banana skipper, and banana aphids prey on your plant’s leaf, fruit, rhizome, and pseudostem. Keeping them inside a greenhouse lowers the risk of attracting these pesky insects.

 

Final Thoughts on How to Prune a Banana Tree

Knowing how to prune a banana tree is just a part of the equation. To grow healthy and delicious bananas, you need to know the growing requirements of the plant. By remembering the tips above, you’ll be able to pick and enjoy delicious bananas straight from your backyard.

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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