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How To Propagate Vinca From Cuttings For Success

It’s essential to learn the four steps on how to propagate vinca from cuttings because not all varieties of periwinkles will be best if you root them from seeds. For example, the evergreen ground covers, Vinca major or common periwinkle, and Vinca minor or little leaf periwinkle, are suitable for propagation by cuttings. However, there is nothing to worry about because rooting from cuttings is simple, even for newbie gardeners. 

Vinca or periwinkle will spread best in an ideal environment. Therefore, using a greenhouse for starting these plants will ensure that the cuttings will root and survive. Additionally, the parent plant that will provide the softwood cuttings should be healthy and stress-free, so those that you’ve raised in the greenhouse make the best candidate. 

How To Propagate Vinca From Cuttings For Success

How To Propagate Vinca From Cuttings: Comprehensive Guide

Newbie or not, you can simplify the propagation of vinca from cuttings into four steps. Cutting or collecting, preparing growing medium, planting, and transplanting should get you the vinca clones of your parent plant. As mentioned earlier, you can propagate your vinca cuttings in the greenhouse or cultivate the parent plants themselves indoors to ensure that the plants will be vigorous and stress-free.

 

Cutting

Before you collect the cuttings from your periwinkle plants, you must know the difference between the horizontal and upright stems. The former are non-flowering, and they have the leaf nodes that will form roots. Therefore, the erect stems with flowers are not what you need for propagation.

Choose an actively growing parent plant that is healthy and showing no signs of stress. You can collect vinca cuttings in spring or early summer, but do note to avoid doing so when it’s scorching. Experienced gardeners also recommend cutting from May to July or when the softwood has sprouted.

Additionally, choose the secondary cuttings at the lower end of the stem instead of the terminal cuttings at the tip because they root quicker. The branch should have various leaves but no flowers and use a sanitized and sharp shears to get a 4-inch cutting. Remove all leaves from the bottom one-third, so it’s bare for rooting. 

 

Preparation of growing medium

The growing medium for your cuttings is crucial for them to root, and a combination of coarse perlite and sphagnum peat moss would be ideal. And similar to growing cuttings of other plants, ensure that this medium is moist to support roots. Once you’ve prepared the medium, you can plant anytime if you’re in zones 10 to 11.

 

Planting

Before you plant the cuttings, remember that there should be no leaves at the lower half of the stem. For the leaves at the tip, only half of them should remain. Once the cutting is ready, dip the severed end in rooting hormone to encourage rooting. 

Remember that sanitation is essential, so use a separate container for dipping the cuttings in the rooting hormone. You can then insert one cutting per pot so that the leaves’ lowest remaining set is above the ground. Don’t also forget to firm the medium around the stem to keep it stable.  

The ideal location for the cuttings is indoors and choose the greenhouse area that gets bright light. However, the plants shouldn’t get hit by direct sunlight. To further promote rooting, cover them with clear plastic bags and check the medium’s moisture every day. 

Mist your cuttings twice a day with particular attention to the underside of their leaves. In two to four weeks, lightly tug the stem’s base to check for resistance that will indicate roots. Once they have rooted, open the plastic bags to help with air circulation. 

 

Transplanting

Four weeks after the cuttings have rooted, you can transfer them in a larger container with potting soil. You can harden them before transplanting by putting them in a sheltered area with partial shade. Once they are ready, the plants will grow best five feet apart in a bed with full sun for the following growing season. 

 

How To Grow Vinca

Growing vinca will be successful as long as you meet the plant’s optimal requirements. You will also have a higher chance of getting more robust parent plants for your cuttings if they are in the greenhouse. If you plan on only using the greenhouse for starting vinca, do so at 12 weeks before the last frost

Periwinkles will grow well in full sun, and they are even drought-tolerant. They are not picky with soil, and the spacing for them can be 12 inches apart. Water them well but once established, you can lessen the frequency unless there is drought, and you can maintain soil moisture by mulching. 

You can fertilize twice per season for feeding, and you can stimulate growth in midsummer using liquid food. You can then feel confident against diseases and pests because vinca is not vulnerable to them compared to other flowering plants. 

 

Conclusion

You can root periwinkles either from seeds or cuttings, depending on what you’re growing. But for evergreen ground covers, it’s essential to know how to propagate vinca from cuttings. It will take you four steps composed of cutting or collection, preparing growing medium, planting, and transplanting to get your periwinkle clones. 

It’s worth noting that using a greenhouse for the parent plants or starting the propagation will provide more benefits for you. The consistent and ideal conditions indoors will create vigorous parent plants that you can confidently get your cuttings from. On the other hand, starting the cuttings indoors will help them root quickly and ready for transplanting. 

 

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How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

Want to know how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds? Marigold flowers are a mainstay in most of the gardens. They bloom beautiful flowers all season long and they’re easy to grow from seed. Knowing how to save marigold seeds is essential if you want to continue growing them the next season.

Fortunately, harvesting marigold seeds are quite quick and easy. You only need to take the seeds from the flowers and let them air dry before storing them during the winter season. You can pack it up with a container or seed packets to save even more for the next growing season. Some of the marigold flowers are edible and best to mix in your salads to add a distinct flavor to it.

 

Tools You’ll Need to Harvest Marigold Flowers

The tools you’ll need to harvest marigold flowers include a basket or other available containers that can be used in harvesting flowers. You’ll also need some paper towels, a sharp knife, a pair of scissors, or gardening shears.

Since you need to evaluate or describe the process, get yourself some notes. Seed packets can be envelopes or closed-air containers excluding plastic containers and bags.

 

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Here’s how you can harvest marigold plants for flower arrangements and bouquets:

 

Letting Marigold Flowers Dry

It’s important to wait until the right time to collect marigold seeds. You can harvest the seeds when the petals are dry already (when the base of each flower turning brownish). However, make sure there’s still is a bit of green color left in the base of the bloom. If you also wait until it is completely turned brown, it may start to rot or mold. It’s important to wait for the perfect time to harvest marigolds since the timing is crucial to have the right quality of marigold seeds.

Tip in harvesting: While you are harvesting, simply cut each marigold flower heads using your cutting equipment or either pinch it with your finger. However, be sure not to pull the flowers as it can harm the roots of your marigolds.

 

Opening the Marigold

Get your paper towel and set it on a flat surface. After, hold each bloom’s base, pull-off, and discard the petals and leaves of it. Then, you will easily notice the attached seeds inside the base. In the meantime, set the prepared blooms on your paper towels for bulk removal of seeds. You may also use larger towels to manage and accommodate the abundant blooms of your marigolds.

 

Removal of Marigold Seeds

Marigold seeds are likely to have a long, slender, and pointed appearance. Divided ends with black color and white color on the opposite edge. Gather your blooms, pull-off all petals, and leaves, and start pulling the seeds from the base. After getting all marigold seeds, discard the base in a single place like in bins or garbage bags. After sorting, put another paper towel on another flat surface and spread the pulled marigold seeds on it.

 

Drying of Seeds

As mentioned above, let your marigold seeds air dry for about a week in an uncovered paper towel. It will enable them to be preserved even in frost season and will prevent it from getting rot and mold.

 

Seed Storing

After drying the seeds, gather them and start placing them inside your seed packets to prolong their lifespan and will still be used after the frost date. Do not use plastic bags in storing your marigold seeds because it will retain residual moisture, which will affect your marigold seeds and even get rot and mold. To avoid forgetting about your marigold seeds, put a label on it to prevent possible disposal if unlabeled.

 

Using Stored Seeds for Replanting

After storing your collected marigold seeds, it is perfect to plant during the growing season. You can enjoy once again the benefits of it from house beautification to an edible ingredient for your salad.

 

Facts about Marigold Flowers

Marigolds are especially good for repelling insects and pests, making them companion plant for tomatoes, eggplants, tomatoes, and chili pepper because of its pungent scent of some variety. It is amazing having this kind of flow in your plant, imagine you don’t only have a beautiful attractive garden but having also a very natural insect and pest repellent that will protect your plants from any abrogation.

African marigolds have larger flower heads on plants that grow from 10 to 36 inches tall. While French marigolds are smaller and bushier, having only two inches of flower head across on plants and only having six to eighteen inches height. Sizes and colors vary on its classification, having a mixed combination is pretty great, will also add more pleasant and abundant color to your garden.

 

The Benefits of Growing Marigolds in a Greenhouse

Have you ever thought of growing your marigolds in a greenhouse? If you haven’t, it’s time to consider getting a greenhouse.

Greenhouses are great for keeping your marigolds safe from pests and diseases. Marigolds are susceptible to insects and blight, such as caterpillars, aphids, leaf spots, and mildews. You can lower the risk of plant damage by growing your marigolds in a greenhouse.

Additionally, greenhouses can also keep your plants safe from bad weather that could easily damage your flowers.

 

Final Thoughts on How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Knowing how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds is crucial if you’re planning to plant them in your garden. These beautiful flowers that usually come in yellow and orange colors are a great addition to any garden or flower arrangement.

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