How To Propagate Verbena For Beginners - Krostrade

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How To Propagate Verbena For Beginners

Learning how to propagate verbena allows gardeners to choose from seeds or cuttings to propagate vervain. It’s easy to say that this perennial is a must-have for every garden because its beautiful and numerous flower clusters are enjoyable in summer or autumn. Knowing how to root verbena either from seeds or cuttings will put you at an advantage among other growers. 

To further give you a head start, consider using a greenhouse to sow the seeds or grow the parent plant for propagation. A controlled and ideal environment will ensure the survival of your seeds and transplants. Additionally, starting verbena indoors should get them vigorous for outdoor transplanting.

How To Propagate Verbena For Beginners

2 Ways How To Propagate Verbena Correctly

 

Rooting verbena from seeds

 

Seed collection

Those who have existing verbena plants can get their seeds; otherwise, choose a trusted source. The process is similar to collecting calibrachoa seeds since you’re gathering the dead flowers’ seed pods. Let the flowers in your verbena plants dry and die on the stem, and later you’ll see the brown and small seed pods. 

Timing is very crucial with seed collection because the pods can burst open when you fail to harvest the seeds soon. When you see that your flowers are fading, it’s time to collect the pods. On the contrary, the pods are green if they aren’t ripe yet, indicating that the seeds inside are not yet mature. 

Upon collection, dry the pods further by putting them in a dark area that receives air. After a week, they should be dry enough that the gentle rubbing of the pods will release them. You can then use these small and light brown seeds until spring for germination. 

 

Planting and germination

The best time to propagate verbena by seeds is in early spring or even autumn. You can use pots or sprinkle the small seeds over the soil without covering them. As with other seeds, the ground must be moist to help the seeds germinate. 

With indoor sowing, use compartmented flats with a well-draining and moist potting mix. Contrary to the first tip, some gardeners swear in using black plastic to cover the flats, as darkness can help with germination. Later on, thin the plants after germination. 

You can adjust the temperatures from 64.4 to 69.8°F in the greenhouse since they support germination in a few weeks. Using a greenhouse puts you at an advantage because the outdoor conditions can expose the seeds to very high temperatures. If you live in a cold region, you have no choice but to sow six weeks before the last frost date indoors. 

Sowing seeds indoors at 12 weeks before transplanting them outside should solve your limitation if the weather outside is too cold or wet. Additionally, not all seeds will be the same, so you might need to do cold stratification to help them germinate. But what if you want to sow outdoors?

 

Sowing verbena seeds outdoors

The process of sowing verbena seeds outdoors is similar to what you’ll do in the greenhouse. You still have to wait for the frost to pass and use a fertile and well-draining medium. You can also cover the seeds with black plastic until they germinate, then thin the plants when they grow true leaves. 

Overall, it’s more advantageous to start the seeds indoors, harden them, and then transplant them when the soil and temperatures are workable outside. Verbena will thrive in full sun or partial shade, and you can treat it as annual and perennial, depending on your location.  

 

Rooting verbena from cuttings

On the other hand, propagating verbena from cuttings is more straightforward. Take your cuttings in late spring or summer in the morning when the plant shoots are firm. According to gardeners, summer cuttings are hardier for survival, but spring cuttings root faster. 

A 3-inch cutting below a leaf joint should suffice, but remember to choose the non-flowering side shoots. Remove the lower leaves as you would with propagation by cuttings with other plants. Afterward, you can dip the bare end into a rooting hormone to support its development. 

A moist, gritty, and well-draining soil should be ideal for the cuttings, and then you can seal the pot in a clear bag to help maintain moisture. The greenhouse can protect the cuttings from harsh heat, but remember to place it in a warm position still. The roots should start growing within six weeks, and when this happens, you can separate the plants. 

 

Conclusion

Propagation of various plants is one of those gardening skills that you should equip yourself with.  If you’re interested in flowering perennials and annuals, you can quickly learn how to propagate verbena. This plant is quick to root using seeds or cuttings, and both methods are relatively straightforward as long as you note verbena’s requirements. 

Sowing the seeds in the greenhouse will guarantee germination because you’re avoiding the dangers of extreme temperatures. The same is also true to starting cuttings indoors since the plants can be strong enough for transplanting later on. Overall, remember that you’re not out of the woods yet after proper collection of seeds and cuttings.

Timing, from the collection of seeds and cuttings, planting or sowing, and transplanting is crucial, so mark your calendar accordingly. 

 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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