How to Propagate Salvias from Cuttings Successfully - Krostrade

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How to Propagate Salvias from Cuttings Successfully

Did you know that you can quickly learn how to propagate salvias and fill your garden with its beautiful blooms? The Salvia, or sage, is one of the most beloved garden perennials that are easy to grow and propagate.  Whether you’re looking for white, pink, red, purple, blue, or bi-colored plants, you won’t have a hard time finding one that best fits your preferences because the salvia plant comes in 900 species and about 400 cultivars.

The best way to grow Salvia is to plant them in well-drained soil and expose them to full sun. Once the plant grows, you have to make sure that you cut back on the dead leaves and flowers to prevent pest infestations. When propagating, the best way to do it is to take cuttings from your main plant as this ensures that the resulting new plant will look exactly like the parent plant.

 

How to Propagate Salvias from Cuttings Successfully

How to Propagate Salvia from Cuttings

Among the well-known species of Salvia are woodland sage (Salvia nemorosa), scarlet sage (Salvia coccinea), and mealycup sage (Salvia farinacea). Whether you’re looking for a purple sage (woodland) or scarlet sage, or both to add color to your garden, you can easily grow one by taking cuttings from your main plant.

Here’s how you do it:

 

Step #1. Locate a Stem for Cutting

Before taking a cutting, you have to make sure that the stem you obtain will come from the right place to make sure that the Salvia grows successfully. In choosing the best branch, look for one with three nodes. While two nodes work fine, cutting from a stem with three nodes will ensure that the cutting will grow into a larger and more prolific plant.

 

Step #2. Cut the Stem

Using sharp shears or pruners, cut the stem from the main plant making sure that you cut from the area just below the bottom node. These nodes contain a particular plant growth hormone, auxin, which induces both leaf and root growth.

 

Step #3. Use a Rooting Hormone

Once you have your cutting, keep them fresh by placing them on a jar with water while you finish taking the other cuttings. The next step is to dip the salvia cutting into a rooting hormone to encourage faster growth of new roots in the next few days. Dipping your salvia cuttings is extremely important, especially if the colder months are approaching where the cold weather can cause the roots to rot.

 

Step #4. Place in Soil or Water

Place the cuttings in a well-draining soil – either in pots or a wider planting boxes if you don’t have much space in your garden. Make sure that the plants receive full sunlight – preferably on the south-facing location. Water the cutting and cover the pot with a clear, plastic bag to protect them from strong winds.

You can also opt to grow your cuttings on water. If you prefer this method, you only have to place the cuttings in the water, and after a few days, the roots will start to develop. Once the roots begin to grow, you can then transplant the salvias into the soil.

Keep the plant at room temperature until the roots have been successfully established. If winter comes, store the plan in a frost-free place.

 

Caring for Salvia Plants

Salvias are easy to take care of. To ensure success in growing and propagating, here are a few tips to follow:

 

Tip #1. Water them on a regular basis

Salvias prefer at least ½ inch deep of water to avoid drying out. Water during summer when the rainfall is less than 1 inch per week. Be sure not to overwater as it can cause the root to rot.

 

Tip #2: Deadhead them

Deadheading helps prevent pests and diseases. Be sure to perform this regularly, especially during the season.

 

Tip #3. Add mulch

To retain moisture and control weed, add at least 2-inch of mulch around the plant.

 

Tip #4. Prune them

When you see woody stems developing on your salvia plants, you can prune them to encourage more growth.

 

Tip #5. Add more mulch in the spring

When the spring season comes, add another layer of mulch and compost to ensure that your Salvia gets as many nutrients it can, and encourages blooming.

 

Can You Grow Salvia Inside a Hobby Greenhouse?

Greenhouses offer wonderful benefits for many gardeners. If you’re growing or propagating Salvia, placing them inside a hobby greenhouse can ensure healthy and prolific growth. Here are some of the benefits of growing Salvia inside your very own hobby greenhouse:

 

It offers protection from harsh weather conditions

Strong winds can easily knock your salvias down. For this reason, growing these plants inside a hobby greenhouse can provide them with the protection that they need from the effects of inclement weather including strong winds, heavy rains, snow, sleet, hail, and blizzards.

Unlike traditional outdoor gathering which requires you to make the necessary preparations to ensure your plants’ safety, you can rest easy knowing that your hobby greenhouse acts as a protective barrier between them and the harsh weather conditions.

 

Extended growing season

Salvias bloom best during spring and summer, but you can extend its growing season by placing them inside a hobby greenhouse. Greenhouse gardening allows you to manipulate the levels of temperature and humidity, as well as the amount of light that your plants need in order to thrive.

 

Better pest control

Although pest infestations are rare, Salvia can still be susceptible to pests like mealybugs, powdery mildew, aphids, and botrytis bugs. By placing them inside a greenhouse, you can get them away from plants infected with these bugs and protect them from rots, leaf, and root damage.

 

How to Propagate Salvias: Final Tips

When it comes to propagating salvia plants, it’s best to grow them from cuttings rather than from seedlings so that you can replicate their parent plant. Learning how to propagate salvias is the first step to enjoying a garden filled with bursts of beautifully-colored blooms in the spring and summer.

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How To Grow Mexican Heather. 3 Steps To Success

How To Grow Mexican Heather. 3 Steps To Success

You only need to overcome three steps to know how to grow Mexican heather. This compact perennial is unique not just because of its looks but also with how easy it thrives amidst hot conditions. However, do note that Mexican heather plants don’t do as well in cold regions. 

Before you give them up, you may also find it comfortable to grow Mexican heather in the greenhouse. Remember that the stable indoor conditions in the greenhouse make it ideal for starting plants. However, it can also offer protection to plants that don’t tolerate extreme climates. 

 

How To Plant Mexican Heather

 

Step #1. Planning and preparation

 

Timing

The first step in growing Mexican heather is planning and preparing to guarantee success. You want to check your calendar on when is the best time to plant Mexican heather. If your climate is similar to the Mediterranean regions, you can easily plant Mexican heather at any time

However, it’s generally ideal for growing this plant late in fall, so it has established itself before the temperatures get challenging. And as you can assume, you will need to grow Mexican heather in the greenhouse if your area has harsh winters. Starting Mexican heather from seeds indoors will guarantee flowers in the summer.

 

Location

After determining when to plant Mexican heather, you must prepare the site for your plants. Remember that the location is crucial to guarantee the steady growth of any plant. Therefore, you may benefit from starting Mexican heather indoors if your climate is fluctuating. 

In general, you want somewhere with fertile and well-draining soil. Test your soil to do the necessary amendments and improve its structure. The plant also does best with some shade because the full sun affects the foliage’s health. 

 

Step #2. Planting

After you started Mexican heather in the greenhouse, gently take the plant from the pot. Make sure to untangle and loosen the roots before setting the plant in the center of the hole. Allocate a space of three feet between each plant, and the top of the root ball should be half an inch above the ground. 

 

Step #3. Maintenance

Maintaining the newly planted Mexican heather plants is no different from other plants. You want to keep soil moisture to help the plants establish themselves. However, be sure not to create a wet environment that can decay the plant. 

Adjust your watering practices according to the weather. Mature Mexican heather plants will tolerate challenging conditions like drought and summer heat. However, it’s best to provide two to six hours of partial shade instead. 

 

 

How To Propagate Mexican Heather

 

Seeds

You can grow Mexican heather from seeds similarly to other flowering plants. Use pots with standard potting mix for sowing, and then add some soil over the seeds. Maintain soil moisture, and you can place the pots in the greenhouse to protect the seedlings from the environment. 

 

Cuttings

You can also root cuttings from a healthy Mexican heather plant. Take a four-inch stem section, remove its lower leaves, dip the end in rooting hormone, and then plant in a pot with soil. Continue watering until root establishment for transplanting. 

 

Division

Division is an excellent way to grow Mexican heather and also keep the plants from overcrowding an area. Gently loosen the soil around a plant to make lifting easier and divide the root ball into sections using a sharp and sterile knife. Depending on its size, you can get up to four divisions for transplanting in containers or onto the garden. 

 

Caring For Mexican Heather

 

Water and fertilizer

While Mexican heather can tolerate dry conditions, it would still be optimal to keep them well-hydrated. You can water the plants deeply once per week, but ensure that you’re using a well-draining medium and container. Then, wait for the ground to dry in between waterings to avoid creating standing water. 

Remember to adjust the frequency and amount of water you give to the plants. More so, container Mexican heather plants would dry faster, so water them often. You can also mulch every spring to maintain soil moisture and even smother weeds. 

Do you fertilize Mexican heather? Mexican heather is relatively low-maintenance and not meticulous when it comes to nutrients. However, you can still boost and maintain your plant by fertilizing in spring, summer, and fall with a balanced feed. 

 

Pruning

Pruning is not a requirement for Mexican heather. However, you can maintain the size and shape of your plant by trimming lightly every spring. You can also use this practice to remove the unhealthy parts. 

 

Common problems

As one can expect, Mexican heather plants are not that prone to many diseases and pests. However, you still want to maintain proper cleanliness and diligence to prevent infestation and diseases. It would also be best to maintain a stable environment such as a greenhouse to discourage spider mites or fungal infections. 

 

Conclusion

You can add another colorful perennial to your garden in three simple steps. Those who know how to grow Mexican heather can quickly tell you that this plant is the easiest to grow. However, remember to plan your planting date and site to ensure that the conditions will support the plant’s development. 

You can start indoors and then plant Mexican heather somewhere with partial shade and fertile, well-draining soil. Ensure soil moisture but never overwater the soil. Once established, you shouldn’t have any issues in growing Mexican heather. 

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