How to Propagate Salvias from Cuttings Successfully

Did you know that you can quickly learn how to propagate salvias and fill your garden with its beautiful blooms? The Salvia, or sage, is one of the most beloved garden perennials that are easy to grow and propagate.  Whether you’re looking for white, pink, red, purple, blue, or bi-colored plants, you won’t have a hard time finding one that best fits your preferences because the salvia plant comes in 900 species and about 400 cultivars.

The best way to grow Salvia is to plant them in well-drained soil and expose them to full sun. Once the plant grows, you have to make sure that you cut back on the dead leaves and flowers to prevent pest infestations. When propagating, the best way to do it is to take cuttings from your main plant as this ensures that the resulting new plant will look exactly like the parent plant.

 

How to Propagate Salvias from Cuttings Successfully

How to Propagate Salvia from Cuttings

Among the well-known species of Salvia are woodland sage (Salvia nemorosa), scarlet sage (Salvia coccinea), and mealycup sage (Salvia farinacea). Whether you’re looking for a purple sage (woodland) or scarlet sage, or both to add color to your garden, you can easily grow one by taking cuttings from your main plant.

Here’s how you do it:

 

Step #1. Locate a Stem for Cutting

Before taking a cutting, you have to make sure that the stem you obtain will come from the right place to make sure that the Salvia grows successfully. In choosing the best branch, look for one with three nodes. While two nodes work fine, cutting from a stem with three nodes will ensure that the cutting will grow into a larger and more prolific plant.

 

Step #2. Cut the Stem

Using sharp shears or pruners, cut the stem from the main plant making sure that you cut from the area just below the bottom node. These nodes contain a particular plant growth hormone, auxin, which induces both leaf and root growth.

 

Step #3. Use a Rooting Hormone

Once you have your cutting, keep them fresh by placing them on a jar with water while you finish taking the other cuttings. The next step is to dip the salvia cutting into a rooting hormone to encourage faster growth of new roots in the next few days. Dipping your salvia cuttings is extremely important, especially if the colder months are approaching where the cold weather can cause the roots to rot.

 

Step #4. Place in Soil or Water

Place the cuttings in a well-draining soil – either in pots or a wider planting boxes if you don’t have much space in your garden. Make sure that the plants receive full sunlight – preferably on the south-facing location. Water the cutting and cover the pot with a clear, plastic bag to protect them from strong winds.

You can also opt to grow your cuttings on water. If you prefer this method, you only have to place the cuttings in the water, and after a few days, the roots will start to develop. Once the roots begin to grow, you can then transplant the salvias into the soil.

Keep the plant at room temperature until the roots have been successfully established. If winter comes, store the plan in a frost-free place.

 

Caring for Salvia Plants

Salvias are easy to take care of. To ensure success in growing and propagating, here are a few tips to follow:

 

Tip #1. Water them on a regular basis

Salvias prefer at least ½ inch deep of water to avoid drying out. Water during summer when the rainfall is less than 1 inch per week. Be sure not to overwater as it can cause the root to rot.

 

Tip #2: Deadhead them

Deadheading helps prevent pests and diseases. Be sure to perform this regularly, especially during the season.

 

Tip #3. Add mulch

To retain moisture and control weed, add at least 2-inch of mulch around the plant.

 

Tip #4. Prune them

When you see woody stems developing on your salvia plants, you can prune them to encourage more growth.

 

Tip #5. Add more mulch in the spring

When the spring season comes, add another layer of mulch and compost to ensure that your Salvia gets as many nutrients it can, and encourages blooming.

 

Can You Grow Salvia Inside a Hobby Greenhouse?

Greenhouses offer wonderful benefits for many gardeners. If you’re growing or propagating Salvia, placing them inside a hobby greenhouse can ensure healthy and prolific growth. Here are some of the benefits of growing Salvia inside your very own hobby greenhouse:

 

It offers protection from harsh weather conditions

Strong winds can easily knock your salvias down. For this reason, growing these plants inside a hobby greenhouse can provide them with the protection that they need from the effects of inclement weather including strong winds, heavy rains, snow, sleet, hail, and blizzards.

Unlike traditional outdoor gathering which requires you to make the necessary preparations to ensure your plants’ safety, you can rest easy knowing that your hobby greenhouse acts as a protective barrier between them and the harsh weather conditions.

 

Extended growing season

Salvias bloom best during spring and summer, but you can extend its growing season by placing them inside a hobby greenhouse. Greenhouse gardening allows you to manipulate the levels of temperature and humidity, as well as the amount of light that your plants need in order to thrive.

 

Better pest control

Although pest infestations are rare, Salvia can still be susceptible to pests like mealybugs, powdery mildew, aphids, and botrytis bugs. By placing them inside a greenhouse, you can get them away from plants infected with these bugs and protect them from rots, leaf, and root damage.

 

How to Propagate Salvias: Final Tips

When it comes to propagating salvia plants, it’s best to grow them from cuttings rather than from seedlings so that you can replicate their parent plant. Learning how to propagate salvias is the first step to enjoying a garden filled with bursts of beautifully-colored blooms in the spring and summer.

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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