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How To Propagate Russian Sage. 2 Best Ways

Learning how to propagate Russian sage is easy, and you have three options to choose from. This perennial can satisfy those who want to have something low maintenance but still add color to the garden. And because you have three propagation methods, you can select the technique that works well for your situation. 

While Russian sage is generally hardy and will thrive well from growing zones 5 to 9, you can also consider growing it in the greenhouse. Among the extensive list of plants that you can grow indoors, this flowering perennial will surely benefit from stable conditions. Remember that with propagation, you want to provide the ideal environment to encourage the germination of seeds or establish the cuttings and divisions. 

 

How To Propagate Russian Sage. 2 Best Ways

How To Propagate Russian Sage For Beginners

 

Option #1. Seeds

According to the University of Wisconsin, the best time to sow Russian sage seeds is any time of the year. You will even benefit more from using a greenhouse because you protect the seeds from extreme climate and temperatures. This is why, while the university mentioned the flexibility of the sowing time of this plant, you still need to cover them with the medium. 

You can buy Russian sage seeds, but you can also collect them from your plants. You’ll wait at the end of the flowering cycle and cut off the pods intact. You can then store the seeds in an airtight container until use. 

 

Cold stratification and germination

Propagating Russian sage from seeds is not a favorite among gardeners because the germination can take anywhere between one to four months. However, you may have no plants to source cuttings from, so it’s useful to know how to start Russian sage from seeds. More so, the seeds require cold stratification to break them off dormancy and produce a healthy and compact plant. 

To treat the seeds before germination, place them in an area with temperatures between 35 to 44°F for ten days or more. Another method is to put them in a plastic bag and into the refrigerator for a month to increase the sprouting rate and germination. And for the sprouting itself, maintain the greenhouse around 60 to 65°F to encourage germination. 

 

Sowing and transplanting

Sow the seeds in potting soil and maintain moisture. Once the seedlings are large enough, you can transplant them in another container and wait until you can transplant in late spring. However, remember to harden the plants first to avoid stress. 

 

Option #2. Cuttings

The second and perhaps the best option to propagate Russian sage is by cuttings. It takes a shorter time to grow the plants from cuttings, and you don’t need to do a treatment to get them rooting. With this method, you can take cuttings in early summer or late spring. 

 

Gathering 

Make sure to select a healthy plant and gather softwood cuttings around 4 inches long. The greenhouse is also beneficial for this method because it can grow healthy parent plants that can endure the cuttings. Once you have the cuttings, you want to remove all the leaves at the end and dip it in the rooting hormone powder. 

 

Planting

Dip the cutting in a loose and moist potting soil and compact the soil around it to keep it stable. The cuttings should root well if you keep it somewhere bright but out of direct sunlight. You must also maintain soil moisture to encourage the establishment and protect the cuttings from wind and high temperatures. 

 

Option #3. Division

The final option for Russian sage propagation is by division. This is best for those with older plants because you can do it every three years for maintenance and a chance to clone more plants. The best time to do so is spring or fall when the Russian sage plants are not actively blooming, with distinguishable dry buds. 

 

Digging

To divide, cut down the plant to 8 inches to make digging easier. You can then use a shovel and dig around the plant so you can get the whole rootball. And once you have dug out the plant, remove the soil on the rootball to make the division more comfortable.

 

Planting

The sections you can produce will depend on how big the plant. Use your hands to separate the roots and place the sections in water to keep them moist. Starting divisions in the greenhouse will also give you a headstart because the environment is stable. 

The new hole for these transplants should be as deep as the length of the roots. You also want to stabilize the plant, especially around its roots when planting. Use fertile soil and ensure moisture as you would with the previous propagation techniques. 

 

Conclusion

Low maintenance plants like Russian sage will surely add color to your garden or greenhouse. And best of all, learning how to propagate Russian sage is even simple and gives you many options to choose from. If you don’t have adult plants yet, you can sow Russian sage, given that you have stratified them first. 

On the other hand, you can take cuttings in early summer or late spring from your existing plants. Those who want to maintain Russian sage can also divide every three years and produce more plants by digging one plant and planting the new sections. Whichever method you choose, you will have a higher success rate in maintaining the ideal growing conditions using a greenhouse. 

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How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

Want to know how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds? Marigold flowers are a mainstay in most of the gardens. They bloom beautiful flowers all season long and they’re easy to grow from seed. Knowing how to save marigold seeds is essential if you want to continue growing them the next season.

Fortunately, harvesting marigold seeds are quite quick and easy. You only need to take the seeds from the flowers and let them air dry before storing them during the winter season. You can pack it up with a container or seed packets to save even more for the next growing season. Some of the marigold flowers are edible and best to mix in your salads to add a distinct flavor to it.

 

Tools You’ll Need to Harvest Marigold Flowers

The tools you’ll need to harvest marigold flowers include a basket or other available containers that can be used in harvesting flowers. You’ll also need some paper towels, a sharp knife, a pair of scissors, or gardening shears.

Since you need to evaluate or describe the process, get yourself some notes. Seed packets can be envelopes or closed-air containers excluding plastic containers and bags.

 

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Here’s how you can harvest marigold plants for flower arrangements and bouquets:

 

Letting Marigold Flowers Dry

It’s important to wait until the right time to collect marigold seeds. You can harvest the seeds when the petals are dry already (when the base of each flower turning brownish). However, make sure there’s still is a bit of green color left in the base of the bloom. If you also wait until it is completely turned brown, it may start to rot or mold. It’s important to wait for the perfect time to harvest marigolds since the timing is crucial to have the right quality of marigold seeds.

Tip in harvesting: While you are harvesting, simply cut each marigold flower heads using your cutting equipment or either pinch it with your finger. However, be sure not to pull the flowers as it can harm the roots of your marigolds.

 

Opening the Marigold

Get your paper towel and set it on a flat surface. After, hold each bloom’s base, pull-off, and discard the petals and leaves of it. Then, you will easily notice the attached seeds inside the base. In the meantime, set the prepared blooms on your paper towels for bulk removal of seeds. You may also use larger towels to manage and accommodate the abundant blooms of your marigolds.

 

Removal of Marigold Seeds

Marigold seeds are likely to have a long, slender, and pointed appearance. Divided ends with black color and white color on the opposite edge. Gather your blooms, pull-off all petals, and leaves, and start pulling the seeds from the base. After getting all marigold seeds, discard the base in a single place like in bins or garbage bags. After sorting, put another paper towel on another flat surface and spread the pulled marigold seeds on it.

 

Drying of Seeds

As mentioned above, let your marigold seeds air dry for about a week in an uncovered paper towel. It will enable them to be preserved even in frost season and will prevent it from getting rot and mold.

 

Seed Storing

After drying the seeds, gather them and start placing them inside your seed packets to prolong their lifespan and will still be used after the frost date. Do not use plastic bags in storing your marigold seeds because it will retain residual moisture, which will affect your marigold seeds and even get rot and mold. To avoid forgetting about your marigold seeds, put a label on it to prevent possible disposal if unlabeled.

 

Using Stored Seeds for Replanting

After storing your collected marigold seeds, it is perfect to plant during the growing season. You can enjoy once again the benefits of it from house beautification to an edible ingredient for your salad.

 

Facts about Marigold Flowers

Marigolds are especially good for repelling insects and pests, making them companion plant for tomatoes, eggplants, tomatoes, and chili pepper because of its pungent scent of some variety. It is amazing having this kind of flow in your plant, imagine you don’t only have a beautiful attractive garden but having also a very natural insect and pest repellent that will protect your plants from any abrogation.

African marigolds have larger flower heads on plants that grow from 10 to 36 inches tall. While French marigolds are smaller and bushier, having only two inches of flower head across on plants and only having six to eighteen inches height. Sizes and colors vary on its classification, having a mixed combination is pretty great, will also add more pleasant and abundant color to your garden.

 

The Benefits of Growing Marigolds in a Greenhouse

Have you ever thought of growing your marigolds in a greenhouse? If you haven’t, it’s time to consider getting a greenhouse.

Greenhouses are great for keeping your marigolds safe from pests and diseases. Marigolds are susceptible to insects and blight, such as caterpillars, aphids, leaf spots, and mildews. You can lower the risk of plant damage by growing your marigolds in a greenhouse.

Additionally, greenhouses can also keep your plants safe from bad weather that could easily damage your flowers.

 

Final Thoughts on How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Knowing how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds is crucial if you’re planning to plant them in your garden. These beautiful flowers that usually come in yellow and orange colors are a great addition to any garden or flower arrangement.

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