How To Propagate Poinsettias. 2 Best Ways - Krostrade

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How To Propagate Poinsettias. 2 Best Ways

You can learn how to propagate poinsettias via seeds and cuttings. And like other plants, you may find it beneficial to start these plants in the greenhouse. This way, you can assure that the young plants will develop without drawbacks due to the consistent indoor conditions. 

More so, growing in the greenhouse guarantees quality poinsettias. Learning how to propagate and maintain poinsettias is generally easy, so why not create more plants and enjoy these flowers’ various colors? Gone are the days where you have to buy these flowers because it’s possible to enjoy them in different seasons, not limited to the holidays. 

 

How To Propagate Poinsettias. 2 Best Ways

Comprehensive Guide On How To Propagate Poinsettias

 

Seeds

While it’s not as expected, you can start poinsettias from seeds. The process can be a tad intimidating for some, but a proper understanding of the methods should help you successfully root these plants. More so, you can pollinate them yourself so you can plan when to collect seeds. 

 

Step #1. Seed collection

You can buy poinsettia seeds, but you can also collect ones from your existing plants. Be on the lookout for the seed pods on the stalks of your flowers when poinsettias start to fade. These pods start green, and you can start collecting them once they turn brown. 

Much like with other seeds, you want to dry them first in a paper bag. Put the closed bag somewhere dry, and you can start collecting the seeds after some weeks. Most of the time, you don’t need tools to pop the pods open, and you can just use your hands. 

However, do note that poinsettia seeds require procedures for them to germinate. If you’re familiar with seed stratification, this is a process that you need to do on the seeds to break dormancy. Place them in the refrigerator for about three months, and you should be ready to plant. 

 

Step #2. Planting

After stratification, you’ll notice how easier it’ll be to pop the pods and remove the seeds. There no unique methods for sowing poinsettia seeds. However, you’ll have an easier time growing them in the greenhouse because the indoor conditions doesn’t fluctuate. 

Sow the seeds below the soil around 1.5 inches and maintain the moisture. You can use one poinsettia seed per pot.  Place them somewhere warm but not receiving direct sunlight, and the seedlings should appear at two weeks. 

 

Cuttings

Perhaps the more convenient way for some gardeners to propagate poinsettias is by using cuttings. Growing poinsettias from cuttings is a quicker way to create copies of plants. This process doesn’t require any preparatory procedures and will guarantee clones of the parent plant you choose. 

 

Step #1. Prepare cuttings

As with other plants, you want to use a healthy parent plant as the source. Make sure that it is free of any diseases, including the stem you’ll cut. A 6-inch cutting should suffice, and you can do this early in the summer when you notice new growths on the plants. 

Prepare the cuttings by removing the lower leaves but leaving those at the top. Dip each cutting in rooting hormone to help with establishment. For the medium, you can use any sterile potting mix and insert the cutting in it. 

 

Step #2. Planting

You can also use the greenhouse for rooting cuttings because it’s easier to manage the indoor conditions. The key to further help with rooting is to cover the container with a plastic bag without it touching the cutting. This will create a humid environment and makes the moisture easier to maintain. 

Place the cuttings somewhere warm but out of direct sunlight. Each day, check the cuttings if the medium needs watering. Over time, you can decide if you want to transplant the cuttings outdoors. 

You can also keep them in the greenhouse for some time if your outdoor conditions are still not ideal. For outdoors, you can transplant the cuttings in the fall. Make sure you acclimate them first to prevent transplant stress. 

Any extreme temperatures will be detrimental to poinsettias that are just establishing themselves. 

 

Watering And Fertilizing Poinsettias

Like with other plants, maintain soil moisture but without risking overwatering your poinsettias. You can water when the surface feels dry, but don’t wait too long because the plants can wilt.

For the fertilizer, you can start feeding poinsettias when they show new stems and leaves. An all-purpose fertilizer would be enough, but make sure to dilute it. Fertilizing every four weeks is ideal for maintenance and plant health. 

 

Conclusion

It’s no secret that seeing poinsettias brings anybody in the holiday spirit. But regardless of the season, learning how to propagate poinsettias can be a useful skill to create more beautiful flowers for your garden. You can sow them from seeds or use cuttings from an existing poinsettia plant. 

When growing poinsettias from seeds, you can buy or collect some from your plants when their flowers fade. Store the pods for drying and stratify them to guarantee germination. On the other hand, taking cuttings is straightforward. 

Select a healthy parent plant and cut around 6 inches of stem. Remove the lower leaves and dip the cutting in a rooting hormone before planting. Cover the pot with plastic bag to create a humid environment.

In both methods, you can use a greenhouse to guarantee establishment. Poinsettias are sensitive to freezing temperatures, so make sure to check your calendar before transplanting outdoors. 

 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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