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3 Best Ways On How To Propagate Orchids

Knowing how to propagate orchids means you’re aware of how to use either back bulbs, offshoots, and divisions. The orchids themselves can also reproduce sexually by seeds, but most gardeners opt to do the propagation themselves with the methods mentioned. After all, vegetative propagation is an easier way to create more orchids for the garden. 

The beauty with learning how to propagate orchids is that it also gives you an idea of how to crossbreed them later on. With the 25,000 orchid species available, who wouldn’t want to learn orchid propagation and breeding? You can also use your greenhouse for propagating these flowers to ensure that the vulnerable young plants will grow vigorous for transplanting. 

3 Best Ways On How To Propagate Orchids

Guide On How To Propagate Orchids

 

Division

The first method of propagating orchids is by division. According to the American Orchid Society, this practice is viable for mature plants that have flowered for several years. As a gardener, you have the option of either repotting the mature orchid or dividing it. 

This puts those who have existing orchids at an advantage because you can create more orchids from an existing mature plant. You already know what to expect with it visually, and if you grow it in an ideal environment like a greenhouse, you can be confident that it’s healthy for the division. So how does one divide an orchid?

 

Division pseudobulbs vs back bulbs

To start, check if the plant has new growth and divide it into pseudobulbs. One lead typically produces three to four pseudobulbs. Once you finish dividing, identify the group of pseudobulbs with the lead and the group without it. 

The pseudobulbs with new growth or active lead are what the gardeners call division, while the remaining groups without it are the back bulbs, which this article will discuss later on. Once you have the division group, you can cut the rhizome after flowering before repotting. 

 

Rhizome propagation

Propagating orchids from division are also sometimes synonymous with rhizome propagation. You’ll cut a V-shaped notch through the rhizome, reaching more than its half. Compared to back bulbs, you don’t have to wait for dormant eyes to break before planting since division has active growth. 

Make sure to remove all the old pseudobulbs and dead roots or leaves before repotting. Afterward, you can spray the plant and start watering as you notice root growth. 

 

Back bulbs

As mentioned earlier, the other group of pseudobulbs without the active lead will be your back bulbs. These bulbs have dormant eyes that you have to force into activity, which means you can’t immediately plant them like the division group. To do this, you need to pot the back bulbs in a small pot where the eyes are above the potting media. 

Place them in an area in the greenhouse that does not support growth and spray them and their leaves frequently as maintenance. Depending on the circumstances, the eyes should break after some weeks, but others may take years. You can check if the leaf and bulbs are still green to know if they are worth waiting for. 

Several other methods force dormant eyes into development; use pots with sphagnum moss and live moss before placing them in a humid location or a wooden tray with moss in a warm and moist area. Afterward, you can remove those with wet rot and pot the bulbs that get underway. 

 

Offshoots

The final method of propagating orchids is the use of offshoots or keikis. This method is ideal for Dendrobiums or monopodial orchids because they develop them along their stem. The offshoots that look like individual plants along the stem are what you’ll grow, making this method relatively easy compared to the previous two.

Carefully cut them from the parent plant and pot the same way you would with the back bulbs. However, make sure that the keikis have developed leaves and roots before removing them from the parent plant. Ideally, the leaves and roots should be around three inches long for planting.  

It would help if you also waited until the plant finishes flowering before you propagate from keikis. Plant the offshoots in sphagnum moss and ensure moisture for establishment before transferring them in a bark mix. After some weeks, you can expect growth from the offshoots. 

 

Conclusion

The many orchid species available makes it possible to create a unique-looking garden. And what better way to develop many plants than learning how to propagate orchids? You can start by dividing to create a division group and back bulbs, but some orchids also grow offshoots ready for planting. 

The division group of pseudobulbs already have an active lead, so they are ready for planting. On the other hand, the back bulbs have dormant eyes that you have to wait to activate before planting. Either process would be more comfortable in the greenhouse because you can create an environment that can help them break out of dormancy. 

For offshoots or keikis, the method is straightforward to do. However, you must ensure that the parent plant is healthy, and the roots and leaves of the offshoots are at least three inches long. Overall, one can conclude that orchid propagation is safer and more convenient in the greenhouse because of your control of the environment. 

 

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How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

Want to know how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds? Marigold flowers are a mainstay in most of the gardens. They bloom beautiful flowers all season long and they’re easy to grow from seed. Knowing how to save marigold seeds is essential if you want to continue growing them the next season.

Fortunately, harvesting marigold seeds are quite quick and easy. You only need to take the seeds from the flowers and let them air dry before storing them during the winter season. You can pack it up with a container or seed packets to save even more for the next growing season. Some of the marigold flowers are edible and best to mix in your salads to add a distinct flavor to it.

 

Tools You’ll Need to Harvest Marigold Flowers

The tools you’ll need to harvest marigold flowers include a basket or other available containers that can be used in harvesting flowers. You’ll also need some paper towels, a sharp knife, a pair of scissors, or gardening shears.

Since you need to evaluate or describe the process, get yourself some notes. Seed packets can be envelopes or closed-air containers excluding plastic containers and bags.

 

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Here’s how you can harvest marigold plants for flower arrangements and bouquets:

 

Letting Marigold Flowers Dry

It’s important to wait until the right time to collect marigold seeds. You can harvest the seeds when the petals are dry already (when the base of each flower turning brownish). However, make sure there’s still is a bit of green color left in the base of the bloom. If you also wait until it is completely turned brown, it may start to rot or mold. It’s important to wait for the perfect time to harvest marigolds since the timing is crucial to have the right quality of marigold seeds.

Tip in harvesting: While you are harvesting, simply cut each marigold flower heads using your cutting equipment or either pinch it with your finger. However, be sure not to pull the flowers as it can harm the roots of your marigolds.

 

Opening the Marigold

Get your paper towel and set it on a flat surface. After, hold each bloom’s base, pull-off, and discard the petals and leaves of it. Then, you will easily notice the attached seeds inside the base. In the meantime, set the prepared blooms on your paper towels for bulk removal of seeds. You may also use larger towels to manage and accommodate the abundant blooms of your marigolds.

 

Removal of Marigold Seeds

Marigold seeds are likely to have a long, slender, and pointed appearance. Divided ends with black color and white color on the opposite edge. Gather your blooms, pull-off all petals, and leaves, and start pulling the seeds from the base. After getting all marigold seeds, discard the base in a single place like in bins or garbage bags. After sorting, put another paper towel on another flat surface and spread the pulled marigold seeds on it.

 

Drying of Seeds

As mentioned above, let your marigold seeds air dry for about a week in an uncovered paper towel. It will enable them to be preserved even in frost season and will prevent it from getting rot and mold.

 

Seed Storing

After drying the seeds, gather them and start placing them inside your seed packets to prolong their lifespan and will still be used after the frost date. Do not use plastic bags in storing your marigold seeds because it will retain residual moisture, which will affect your marigold seeds and even get rot and mold. To avoid forgetting about your marigold seeds, put a label on it to prevent possible disposal if unlabeled.

 

Using Stored Seeds for Replanting

After storing your collected marigold seeds, it is perfect to plant during the growing season. You can enjoy once again the benefits of it from house beautification to an edible ingredient for your salad.

 

Facts about Marigold Flowers

Marigolds are especially good for repelling insects and pests, making them companion plant for tomatoes, eggplants, tomatoes, and chili pepper because of its pungent scent of some variety. It is amazing having this kind of flow in your plant, imagine you don’t only have a beautiful attractive garden but having also a very natural insect and pest repellent that will protect your plants from any abrogation.

African marigolds have larger flower heads on plants that grow from 10 to 36 inches tall. While French marigolds are smaller and bushier, having only two inches of flower head across on plants and only having six to eighteen inches height. Sizes and colors vary on its classification, having a mixed combination is pretty great, will also add more pleasant and abundant color to your garden.

 

The Benefits of Growing Marigolds in a Greenhouse

Have you ever thought of growing your marigolds in a greenhouse? If you haven’t, it’s time to consider getting a greenhouse.

Greenhouses are great for keeping your marigolds safe from pests and diseases. Marigolds are susceptible to insects and blight, such as caterpillars, aphids, leaf spots, and mildews. You can lower the risk of plant damage by growing your marigolds in a greenhouse.

Additionally, greenhouses can also keep your plants safe from bad weather that could easily damage your flowers.

 

Final Thoughts on How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Knowing how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds is crucial if you’re planning to plant them in your garden. These beautiful flowers that usually come in yellow and orange colors are a great addition to any garden or flower arrangement.

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