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How To Propagate Lilies. 2 Best Methods

If you’re interested in learning how to propagate lilies, the two best methods are via seeds and division. The great news in starting lilies is that you have a high chance of success whichever way you choose. However, consider propagating lilies in the greenhouse to ensure that you won’t have germination or rooting problems. 

You also want to know the ideal growing requirements of the species you have. There are many kinds of lilies, and they vary in some habits and preferred conditions. You must adjust the environment and practices to ensure that you’ll grow hardy lilies. 

 

How To Propagate Lilies. 2 Best Methods

How To Grow Lilies Successfully

 

Seeds

The first method that you can do to start lilies is from seeds. According to North Dakota State University, this is the preferable way to propagate lilies if you want to guarantee success. More so, you can let your plants self-pollinate, but the drawback of growing lilies from seeds is that it can take them years to flower

 

Step #1. Determine the germinator type

Before you start propagating lilies from seeds, you have to determine what is the germinator type of your lily species. These groups include immediate seed germinators, epigeal slow seed germinators, and hypogeal slow seed germinators. As one can assume, the first group is the easiest to start, and the last group is the trickiest to grow. 

Both the immediate seed germinator and epigeal slow seed germinator lilies have the same germination procedures, but the latter takes longer to germinate. On the other hand, the hypogeal slow seed germinator lilies will require extensive preparation. Place them somewhere warm for three months until the root grows, let them undergo cold treatment for six weeks, and grow leaves and stems from a warm period. 

 

Step #2. Sowing

Once you’ve done the requirements of the lily species you have, you’re ready for sowing. Epigeal germination lilies start best in fall, and you can sow them directly outdoors as soon as the seeds mature. Ensure moist soil, and you can fertilize every two weeks once they sprout. 

On the other hand, hypogeal germination lilies require preparation, as mentioned earlier. Start them in spring inside a plastic bag with moist peat moss. Ensure the moisture of the moss and store them somewhere warm like the greenhouse. 

The seeds should form bulbs after three months, and you can place the bag in the refrigerator. After three months, sow the seeds in well-draining soil. You can treat your seeds as you would when you planted epigeal germination lilies. 

 

Division

The second way to propagate lilies is through division. You can do this in the fall and transplant the bulbs and young plants from the mature plant. Depending on your lilies, you can also remove the offsets or bulblets from the mature plant and replant them. 

 

Step #1. Digging

To make digging more comfortable, you want to cut the stems first and dig around the plants. This way, you can easily lift the bulbs without damaging them. Separate the bulblets from the bulb and cut the stem above it as well. 

 

Step #2. Planting

The best time to plant is immediately after you divided the bulbs to prevent them from drying out. It would help if you planted both the bulbs and bulblets, but the latter should not be as deep. Gardeners often mulch as well to protect the plants from the cold temperature. 

If your plant has no offsets, you can grow them from the bulb scales. Remove the scales and place them in a bag with moist peat moss. Store the bag at room temperature to encourage the formation of bulblets that you can replant once they developed roots.

You can grow lilies in the greenhouse as well if your climate is fluctuating or undergoing extreme temperatures. More so, those who are in freezing regions typically store their bulbs in the greenhouse. Once the environment is warmer, you can replant in spring. 

 

When To Transplant Lilies

Remember that dividing and transplanting the bulbs formed by your lilies is part of their maintenance every two years. The best time to transplant lilies is by the end of September or at the beginning of November. However, you still need to check your growing zone

Some lilies should wait before frost later in the season, while others require quick moving. Either way, you want the bulb to have enough energy to produce blooms. You can also check your plants if their foliage starts turning yellow to indicate when you should dig them up. 

Overall, you need to lift and separate the bulbs to ensure healthy blooms. Some lilies require planting immediately for overwintering in the ground. But as mentioned earlier, you can also store the bulbs in the greenhouse for transplanting in spring. 

 

Conclusion

Lilies are one of the most diverse groups of flowering plants. Therefore, you must learn how to propagate lilies to know how to start the species you have successfully. You can sow them from seeds or divide and transplant their bulbs. 

When propagating lilies from seeds, you want to check the germination group of your plants. Some lilies require preparation or hypogeal germination to guarantee development. On the other hand, you can also sow some seeds directly in the fall. 

If the foliage on your plants starts to turn yellow, this might also be an excellent time to divide them. Carefully dig and lift the plant from the ground and separate the bulblets from the bulb. You may also overwinter them in the greenhouse for transplanting in spring. 

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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