How to Propagate Euphorbia: 3 Simple Techniques - Krostrade

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How to Propagate Euphorbia: 3 Simple Techniques

If you’re planning on growing euphorbia in your home or garden, learn how to propagate euphorbia now so you can increase your chances of success. According to the International Euphorbia Society, there are about 7,500 species of Euphorbia in the world making it one of the largest species of succulents in the world. Euphorbias, also known as Spurge, are succulents that can be grown indoors or outdoors.

With a lot of varieties out there, it can be overwhelming for gardeners to choose which one best one for their garden. Euphorbia pulcherrima, or poinsettia, is the most common type of euphorbia grown in most gardens. They can produce flowers that range from white to Christmas red.

 

How to Propagate Euphorbia: 3 Simple Techniques

Propagating Euphorbia in 3 Ways

Euphorbias are grown all over the world. But it’s more common in Africa, Europe, Asia, and North and South America. With the right conditions, you can easily grow and propagate euphorbia in your garden. There are three ways in which you can do it: Leaf cuttings, seed propagation, and stem cuttings.

 

Technique #1: Leaf cuttings

Euphorbia varieties like Euphorbia francoisii, Euphorbia cylindrifolia, and Euphorbia ankarensis are just some of the many that can be successfully grown from leaf cuttings. Follow this step by step guide in propagating euphorbia through stem cuttings:

 

Step #1: Place the leaves in cubes of rock wool

Gently pull the leaves back of your euphorbia plant and place it on cubed rock wool. Placing them in cubes of rock wool will increase the euphorbia cutting’s chances for survival.

 

Step #2: Dip them into the rooting hormone

Dip the leaf-cutting into a rooting hormone powder to encourage the growth and establishment of new roots.

 

Step #3: Place the rock wool on a tray

Place your rock wool with euphorbias on a tray lined with moist coarse sand.

 

Step #4: Use a plastic cover to cover the plant

Cover the plant with a plastic cover to encourage an increase in the humidity which your Euphorbia will require.

Once you’ve completed that, your euphorbia plants’ roots should start growing and establishing roots within a month or so.

 

Technique #2: Seed propagation

Another way to propagate your Euphorbia is through seed propagation. The chances of success when propagating from seeds are lower compared to when you’re growing them from cuttings Nevertheless, here’s how it works:

 

Step #1: Soak the seeds in water and dry them

Once you’re sure that the final frost is gone, you can start the planting process for your euphorbias. To start, soak seeds in water for 24 hours, making sure to change the water every 12 hours. Take out the seeds and allow them to air dry.

 

Step #2: Choose the right kind of soil

Prepare a mixture of well-drained, sandy soil in a pot and cover your seeds lightly with the soil.

 

Step #3: Water properly

Water your plant lightly and make sure not to overwater them. The germination phase can take about 3 to 6 months when propagating from seeds, so patience is needed in the process.

 

Technique #3: Stem cuttings

The most common way to propagate euphorbias is through stem cuttings. It’s because it’s the quickest way to grow a new plant. Plus, growing plants from cuttings are more likely to produce a plant that’s identical to the parent plant.

Here’s how you can propagate euphorbia from stem cuttings:

 

Step #1: Wear gardening gloves

Put on gardening gloves to avoid being punctured with the thorns of your plant.

 

Step #2: Remove 3 inches of the plant’s tip

Using a sharp, clean knife, remove at least 3-inches of your plant’s tip. The milky sap may leak out of the stem, so be sure to put them on a jar of water until it stops leaking.

 

Step #3: Allow the stem cutting to dry

Take the stem cutting out of the jar and allow it to dry for at least 2 to 3 days.

 

Step #4: Dip the cutting on a rooting hormone

Once it’s dry, dip the stem cutting on a rooting hormone to speed up the development of the roots. With a container full of moist, well-drained potting soil, place your stem cutting at least 1/3 of an inch into the soil.

 

Step #5: Check it daily

Check the plant daily to ensure that the soil isn’t dry.

 

Step #6: Place it in a warm area

Place the container with the cutting in a warm area.

 

With stem cuttings, you can expect the roots to be developing within a month.

 

Using a Semi Pro Greenhouse to Grow Succulents

Semi pro greenhouses offer a wide range of benefits for people looking to grow succulents. Here are some of them:

 

Control amount of water

By placing your succulents inside your semi pro greenhouse, you’ll protect them from damage caused by the excessive amount of water from the rainfall. You’ll be able to control the amount of water they get each day to ensure that they will remain strong and healthy.

 

Keep the heat during colder months

Succulents won’t be able to survive in an environment where the temperature is below freezing. With a semi pro greenhouse, you will have a place to store your succulents in and make sure that they receive the heat that they need to continue growing during the winter season.

 

Protection from pest

Common pests that can feed on your succulents include mealy bugs, scale, spider mites, and aphids. However, if you grow your plant inside a semi pro greenhouse, you’ll minimize the chances of infestations and if infestations do happen, it will be easier for you to control it. This also lessens the need for you to spray toxic insecticides on your plants.

 

How to Propagate Euphorbia Successfully: Final Thoughts

Euphorbia, when grown and propagated using the proper practices can be a great addition to your garden or greenhouse. If you’re wondering how to propagate euphorbia successfully, just follow the instructions given above. With time, you’ll eventually see the fruits of your labor and enjoy a landscape covered with colorful Euphorbia flowers.

 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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