Are you interested in how to propagate cyclamen? Cyclamen plants that grow bright-colored flowers. Many gardeners love to grow cyclamen because their inverted petals look like butterflies hovering over the leaves of your plant.
Read on to know more about propagating cyclamen plants.
2 Ways to Propagate Cyclamen Plants
Did you know that there are more than 20 types of cyclamen plants? All variants originated in the Mediterranean region, which means cyclamen plants thrive best in areas with mild temperatures. When propagating cyclamens, keep in mind that one method of propagation may not work for all cyclamen.
There are two most popular species are hardy cyclamen and florist cyclamen. The hardy ones are the easiest to propagate through the seed of division tubers. Florist cyclamens are harder to propagate. You’ll need more patience and expertise to successfully propagate it.
Method 1: Seed Propagation
To propagate cyclamen using this method, you’ll need to soak the seeds and plant them at the right time. Soak them in water for about 24 hours before planting them in the soil. If you’re planting them directly into the soil, be sure to do so during the spring season where the soil temperature is between 45˚F to 55˚F. You can expect your seeds to bloom next spring.
On the other hand, you can also start planting them in containers during the winter season. If all goes well, the flowers will most likely bloom during the first year.
Method 2: Division Propagation
Unlike other plants, you shouldn’t try to get the clippings from the leaves or stems of cyclamens. Instead, it’s better to use their tubers, the swollen roots you can find underground. This propagation method is best done during the fall when they are ready for replanting.
To plant your tubers, prepare the potting mix, dig a two-inch deep hole, and place the tubers inside it. Cover them with soil and expect to see the roots form before the winter season arrives. You can top it off with another two-inch layer of mulch to retain heat and keep your plants safe from the cold. New shoots will appear during the next spring season.
Propagating Florist Cyclamen
As mentioned, it can be difficult to propagate florist cyclamens. You can start them from seed, but the germination process and the results are usually unpredictable. You can also try vegetative propagation but once you cut the tubers, they tend to rot quickly. It’s best to leave florist cyclamen propagation to the hands of experts who have the tools and the expertise needed to ensure a successful propagation.
Caring for Cyclamen Plants
If you’re growing your cyclamen plants outdoors, place them in a cool and sheltered area that can also provide shade during warmer months and moderate sunlight at other months. These plants grow best when planted in well-drained soil and a layer or two or organic matter like dead plants, leaves, and animal manure. These plants love moisture, but the soil should never be soggy/wet. Additionally, refrain from watering the corm.
If you’re planning to grow cyclamen in posts, there are several things you should consider. They need to be planted in a high-quality potting mix and placed in a partially shaded area where they could get a few hours of the morning sun. It’s important to make sure that you don’t overwater your cyclamen plants. Pour water into the watering tray and allow the soil to soak in all the moisture.
If you plan to grow your plants indoors, it’s best to place them outside every night. The cool air during nighttime will keep your plants happier and healthier.
Apply liquid feed and controlled-release fertilizer once your cyclamen plants show the first signs of coming out of winter dormancy. Continue to apply liquid feed until your plant is done flowering. When the leaves turn yellowish, don’t water them as often. Cyclamen also doesn’t need to be watered regularly while dormant.
Why Should You Plant Cyclamen Inside a Mini Greenhouse?
It’s better to plant cyclamen in mini greenhouses, but if you’re still on the fence, here are some of the things you should consider:
Mini greenhouses can protect your plants from pests and diseases
Cyclamen plants are vulnerable to root rots and fungal issues which are usually caused by overwatering. You can also spot mealybugs in potted plants. They’re also susceptible to certain diseases, such as bacterial soft rot, fusarium wilt, botrytis blight, leaf spots, and other viruses. Placing your cyclamen plants inside the mini greenhouse lowers the risks of pest infestation and diseases.
Mini greenhouses allow you to grow plants at any time
You can start planting your flowers regardless of the weather outside. Keeping them in an enclosed space allows you to control the indoor climate based on the specific needs of your plants. Once the weather warms, you can transplant your cyclamen plants into your garden.
Mini greenhouses protect your plants from bad weather
Frost, ice, heavy rain, and high winds can destroy your crops in an instant. Mini greenhouses can protect them from unpredictable weather conditions. Your plants will remain warm and safe inside the enclosed space.
Final Thoughts on How to Propagate Cyclamen
Cyclamens are a beautiful addition to any space. Knowing how to propagate cyclamen and their proper care are the keys to growing healthy blooms. If you’re ready to spend time planting and growing cyclamen, be sure to remember the tips we shared and you’re good to go.