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How To Propagate Bee Balm. 3 Best Ways

It’s simple to learn how to propagate bee balm, and you have three methods to choose from. You can also consider starting bee balm in the greenhouse to guarantee that they will root and grow vigorous enough for transplanting. Remember that bee balm grows well in zones 4 to 9, so if your climate is currently unstable, it’s better to grow indoors to prevent drawbacks.

Take comfort in knowing that bee balms are relatively easy to grow, which is also applicable in propagating them. You can also choose from different cultivars to find the bee balm plant that will thrive in your area. Overall, bee balms make an excellent consideration for any garden, and learning how to start them will be advantageous for later productivity. 

 

How To Propagate Bee Balm. 3 Best Ways

How To Propagate Bee Balm For Beginners

 

Option #1. Seeds

 

Collecting seeds

You can propagate bee balm from seeds because they germinate easily. You can buy their seeds, but you can also harvest them from mature bee balms in your garden. Harvesting bee balm seeds is possible two weeks after their flowers have finished blooming and have dried off. 

Simply bend the plants to collect the seeds from the flower heads. However, remember that propagating bee balm from seeds would not give you the parent plant’s specific characteristic compared to using cuttings and division. If this isn’t an issue, dry the seeds in a sealed container for a week and sow them either indoors or outdoors. 

 

Sow indoors or outdoors

The advantage of starting bee balm seeds in the greenhouse is that you won’t get delayed in the season. If you want to sow directly in the garden outside, you must remember that fluctuating conditions will prevent germination or slow it down. You can start bee balm seeds in early spring and transplant them when they have rooted around fall or when the rainy season starts. 

You can check your calendar for outdoor sowing and plant the seeds after the last frost date. Allow an inch of space between them and thin to 24 inches apart when the young plants develop true leaves. On the other hand, you can use the greenhouse to sow eight weeks before the last first date. 

 

Option #2. Cuttings

 

Taking cuttings

An excellent method to get true copies of your favorite bee balms is using cuttings to root them. You can start collecting 6-inch cuttings in spring or mid-summer when your bee balms are developing new growth. Much like taking other plants’ cuttings, you want to use a sharp and sterilized knife to cut below a leaf node. 

The section should be free of any diseases, and the parent plant itself should be healthy. Once you have the cuttings, don’t forget to remove all the leaves except those at the top. You can also dip the end in rooting hormone powder to encourage faster root development. 

 

Rooting

Rooting bee balm cuttings in the greenhouse is also advantageous because you can control the temperature much easily indoors. The ideal conditions for bee balm cuttings are between 60 and 70°F. You can use pots with potting mix and cover each with a clear plastic bag, making sure that it’s not in contact with the stem. 

This will maintain moisture and humidity that is supportive of root growth. You can then remove this cover once the bee balm cuttings develop root. Place them somewhere bright but out of direct sunlight, and wait until the conditions outdoors are stable before transplanting. 

 

Option #3. Division

The final method of propagating bee balm is by division, and this also works as a maintenance practice. According to Iowa State University, it’s better to divide bee balms every two years in early spring. This will help you control their rapid spread and also create new plants. 

Remember that you will need to rejuvenate bee balms after some time, and they are also prone to overcrowding compared to other plants. 

 

Lifting

A good sign to start dividing is when you notice new shoots on your old plants. To make lifting easier, dig around the clump with a shovel. This way, you can slide under the roots and lift outward to loosen this perimeter. Slide under the clump and pry upward to lift or pull the root ball up by hand. 

 

Dividing and preparation

Once you have the clump, remove as much soil as you can. Some gardeners divide the clump by hand, but your bee balm may have thicker roots, which are easier to divide with a knife. Don’t forget to ensure that each clump has at least two shoots with enough root system to develop without problems. 

Before planting, remove all the dead, rotten, and damaged roots and stems. Plant the divisions immediately to prevent the roots from drying. You can also use the greenhouse, but some gardeners replant the divisions in the previous location. 

 

Conclusion

Bee balm is relatively easy to grow, and you can start them yourself without issues as well. Knowing how to propagate bee balm is straightforward, giving you three options: seeds, cuttings, and division. Whichever method you choose, using the greenhouse is advantageous because of the stable conditions indoors. 

In general, you want to maintain moisture and place bee balm somewhere bright and out of direct sunlight until they have established themselves. Then, make sure that the conditions outdoors are no longer extreme before transplanting.

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How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

Want to know how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds? Marigold flowers are a mainstay in most of the gardens. They bloom beautiful flowers all season long and they’re easy to grow from seed. Knowing how to save marigold seeds is essential if you want to continue growing them the next season.

Fortunately, harvesting marigold seeds are quite quick and easy. You only need to take the seeds from the flowers and let them air dry before storing them during the winter season. You can pack it up with a container or seed packets to save even more for the next growing season. Some of the marigold flowers are edible and best to mix in your salads to add a distinct flavor to it.

 

Tools You’ll Need to Harvest Marigold Flowers

The tools you’ll need to harvest marigold flowers include a basket or other available containers that can be used in harvesting flowers. You’ll also need some paper towels, a sharp knife, a pair of scissors, or gardening shears.

Since you need to evaluate or describe the process, get yourself some notes. Seed packets can be envelopes or closed-air containers excluding plastic containers and bags.

 

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Here’s how you can harvest marigold plants for flower arrangements and bouquets:

 

Letting Marigold Flowers Dry

It’s important to wait until the right time to collect marigold seeds. You can harvest the seeds when the petals are dry already (when the base of each flower turning brownish). However, make sure there’s still is a bit of green color left in the base of the bloom. If you also wait until it is completely turned brown, it may start to rot or mold. It’s important to wait for the perfect time to harvest marigolds since the timing is crucial to have the right quality of marigold seeds.

Tip in harvesting: While you are harvesting, simply cut each marigold flower heads using your cutting equipment or either pinch it with your finger. However, be sure not to pull the flowers as it can harm the roots of your marigolds.

 

Opening the Marigold

Get your paper towel and set it on a flat surface. After, hold each bloom’s base, pull-off, and discard the petals and leaves of it. Then, you will easily notice the attached seeds inside the base. In the meantime, set the prepared blooms on your paper towels for bulk removal of seeds. You may also use larger towels to manage and accommodate the abundant blooms of your marigolds.

 

Removal of Marigold Seeds

Marigold seeds are likely to have a long, slender, and pointed appearance. Divided ends with black color and white color on the opposite edge. Gather your blooms, pull-off all petals, and leaves, and start pulling the seeds from the base. After getting all marigold seeds, discard the base in a single place like in bins or garbage bags. After sorting, put another paper towel on another flat surface and spread the pulled marigold seeds on it.

 

Drying of Seeds

As mentioned above, let your marigold seeds air dry for about a week in an uncovered paper towel. It will enable them to be preserved even in frost season and will prevent it from getting rot and mold.

 

Seed Storing

After drying the seeds, gather them and start placing them inside your seed packets to prolong their lifespan and will still be used after the frost date. Do not use plastic bags in storing your marigold seeds because it will retain residual moisture, which will affect your marigold seeds and even get rot and mold. To avoid forgetting about your marigold seeds, put a label on it to prevent possible disposal if unlabeled.

 

Using Stored Seeds for Replanting

After storing your collected marigold seeds, it is perfect to plant during the growing season. You can enjoy once again the benefits of it from house beautification to an edible ingredient for your salad.

 

Facts about Marigold Flowers

Marigolds are especially good for repelling insects and pests, making them companion plant for tomatoes, eggplants, tomatoes, and chili pepper because of its pungent scent of some variety. It is amazing having this kind of flow in your plant, imagine you don’t only have a beautiful attractive garden but having also a very natural insect and pest repellent that will protect your plants from any abrogation.

African marigolds have larger flower heads on plants that grow from 10 to 36 inches tall. While French marigolds are smaller and bushier, having only two inches of flower head across on plants and only having six to eighteen inches height. Sizes and colors vary on its classification, having a mixed combination is pretty great, will also add more pleasant and abundant color to your garden.

 

The Benefits of Growing Marigolds in a Greenhouse

Have you ever thought of growing your marigolds in a greenhouse? If you haven’t, it’s time to consider getting a greenhouse.

Greenhouses are great for keeping your marigolds safe from pests and diseases. Marigolds are susceptible to insects and blight, such as caterpillars, aphids, leaf spots, and mildews. You can lower the risk of plant damage by growing your marigolds in a greenhouse.

Additionally, greenhouses can also keep your plants safe from bad weather that could easily damage your flowers.

 

Final Thoughts on How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Knowing how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds is crucial if you’re planning to plant them in your garden. These beautiful flowers that usually come in yellow and orange colors are a great addition to any garden or flower arrangement.

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