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How To Plant Oleanders. 3 Steps For Beginners

If you want to know how to plant oleanders, learn the three steps below to ensure healthy plants. These large flowering shrubs tolerate a handful of challenging conditions once established. This makes oleanders an excellent addition to your garden, especially as a beginner grower. 

More so, don’t be intimidated in starting oleanders yourself because it’s not meticulous with requirements. You can also consider growing indoors to guarantee quicker establishment, regardless of the weather outdoors. This way, you can have vigorous oleanders ready for transplanting when the conditions outside are optimal. 

 

How To Plant Oleanders. 3 Steps For Beginners

Comprehensive Guide For Planting Oleanders

 

Step #1. Preparation

The first step in growing oleanders is preparation. Remember that oleander is a poisonous plant, so you need to be cautious in handling it. Wear long sleeves, gloves, and goggles to avoid making contact with it, and be mindful of pets and children around the area. 

Once you are prepared yourself, the next thing to check is where you’ll plant oleanders. You can consider growing them in the greenhouse if the soil is not yet workable or if the climate is fluctuating. Oleanders adapt relatively well, but the location should be ideal, to begin with, to support newly-planted oleanders.

Choose an area with full sun to support healthy flowering and plant in soil with neutral pH to avoid issues. However, feel at ease that these plants can thrive in soil with salt or heavy texture types regardless. Lastly, provide adequate spacing and well-draining site to anticipate and prevent potential growing problems and diseases.

 

Step #2. Planting

The best time to plant oleanders is in early spring. However, you can also grow in fall or any time in the year, given that it’s not freezing or if you have a greenhouse. Choose a cloudy day so the plants won’t get stressed by direct heat and sunlight nor get damaged and dried out by winds. 

Those who started oleanders indoors in containers must provide a hole that is twice the diameter of the root ball or pot. Provide a space of six feet apart and be mindful not to accidentally damaged the roots. You can also support the plant by adding stakes and ensuring adequate water for the newly planted oleanders by creating a hill to serve as a reservoir. 

 

Step #3. Maintenance

As mentioned earlier, you must protect your oleanders from extreme weather until it has fully established itself. Adding a small hill will also act as a reservoir to keep them hydrated. However, don’t forget to water them thoroughly without directly targeting the foliage to avoid diseases. 

Never overwater oleanders, especially when it’s raining or if the months are cool because it can lead to root diseases. On the other hand, you can boost the growth and flowering of oleanders by providing fertilizer and organic material that can also enhance the soil quality. However, be mindful of the label and adjust the mix according to other factors such as the soil and containers used. 

 

 

How To Propagate Oleander

 

Seeds

You can propagate oleanders from seeds, but it’s crucial to handle the seeds carefully as they can irritate the skin. After the blooming period, collect the seed pods and let them dry to reveal fluffy seeds. You can remove these feather-like parts by rubbing the seeds against a screen until you have the brown seeds. 

Start the seeds indoors to ensure germination, especially if you live in a cold area. Sow them on a seed tray with moist peat and then cover with plastic to create a humid environment. Place them under grow lights and keep the peat moist as needed. 

You can expect the seeds to germinate after a month or three, and then you can remove the cover. Wait for the danger of frost to pass in spring and transplant outdoors. The seedlings should have formed true leaves, and you can plant them directly in the bed outdoors or larger pots indoors. 

 

Cuttings

A faster way to propagate oleanders is by taking stem cuttings in healthy mature plants. You can do this throughout the growing season and take greenwood sections below a leaf node. A 6-inch cutting should suffice, but make sure to remove all the lower leaves to avoid rot when they contact the soil. 

Some gardeners even nick the lower section to increase the surface area and encourage faster root development.  Dip the end in rooting hormone and place the cutting in a pot with compost. Like germinating seeds, you can cover the pot with plastic to keep the area moist and humid. 

You can then transplant in fall if you take the cuttings in spring, or transplant in spring if you took semi-woody cuttings in fall. Follow the instructions discussed for planting oleanders to ensure that they’ll thrive. More importantly, wear safety clothing to avoid contacting the plants.

 

Conclusion

You don’t have to feel intimidated in handling and growing oleanders yourself with proper precautions and techniques. After choosing a propagation method, you must know how to plant oleanders correctly to ensure that they will thrive well. It’s common to start them indoors and then grow in early spring on an overcast day.

Allocate the proper spacing and soil depth when planting oleanders. You can also stake and add hills for support and a water source to help them thrive.  Keep the plants hydrated without overwatering and feed with fertilizer and organic material to boost their growth and flowering. 

 

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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