How To Keep Sunflowers Fresh In 2 Easy Steps - Krostrade

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How To Keep Sunflowers Fresh In 2 Easy Steps

There are two steps for learning how to keep sunflowers fresh. If you know how to care for cut sunflowers, you can apply some similar techniques. Remember that sunflowers’ proper care will allow you to enjoy them for up to 15 days after cutting. 

Sunflowers can grow similar to the full season crops you have in the garden or greenhouse. Therefore, they are available year-round, and knowing how to keep sunflowers fresh will put you at an advantage, florist or not. Perhaps the main takeaway to remember upon getting sunflowers is to place them in water immediately. 

 

How To Keep Sunflowers Fresh In 2 Easy Steps

Comprehensive Guide On How To Keep Sunflowers Fresh

 

Step #1. Cut

 

Sanitation

Before anything else, you must sanitize the tools you’ll need to cut and keep the sunflowers. Remember that one of the most significant culprits that can wilt your sunflowers fast is dirty or infected shears and vases. You can create a sanitizing solution using bleach and water and let the items air dry. 

 

Timing

When is the best time to cut sunflowers? Timing also plays a role in the longevity of your flowers. You want to check your sunflowers and cut them right before the petals open entirely. 

Depending on your location, sunflowers bloom in late summer, so you want to cut right before this time. You can also grow sunflowers in the greenhouse to make timing easier to catch. Either way, collect the sunflowers early in the morning, right after the petals dry down. 

Cutting in the afternoon will put the flowers at risk of wilting due to the warm temperature.

 

Preparation

Speaking of wilting, you want to ensure that the ground they are in is moist, so water them thoroughly on the night before picking them. Otherwise, you will collect flowers that will wilt quickly since they haven’t soaked up enough water from the ground. Choosing early in the morning when their dew has dried down will ensure fresh sunflowers for keeping. 

 

Step #2. Place in water

 

Soaking

The next step for keeping sunflowers fresh is merely placing them in water. However, it’s worth emphasizing that not all sunflowers make excellent cut flowers. Cornell University recommends varieties that don’t produce pollen to avoid staining. 

Upon getting the flowers, you want to place them in a bucket with warm tap water around 100 to 110°F to prevent wilting. This way, you can immediately hydrate them and avoid the danger of shock after cutting. However, be aware that you want to cut each stem at a 45-degree angle to make soaking easier. 

You can bring the conditioned sunflowers indoors or in the greenhouse to protect them from the outdoor conditions. Remember that direct sunlight can dry and damage the cut sunflowers.

 

Caring in the vase

How to transfer cut sunflowers into a vase? You can mix cool water and preservatives and add them to a vase. However, remember to follow the mixing instructions diligently because overdosing can damage the sunflowers, and underdosing would be ineffective in preserving them. The solution should provide energy, help with hydration, balance the water’s pH level, and prevent microbial growth that can cause stem clogs. 

Once again, you also want to cut an inch at an angle on each stem’s bottom to help with absorption. Cut them while still being in the water using a sharp knife and remove all the leaves at the bottom portion of the stems. This way, no leaf will get wet and encourage diseases. 

Maintaining sunflowers in a vase will be as easy as replacing the water mixture every two days. Still, some gardeners use the solution for several hours only and use plain water instead. Either way, you want to prevent bacteria’s growth, so changing the water daily would also be optimal. 

You can also recut the stems and place the vase somewhere out of drafts or direct sunlight.

 

How To Harvest Sunflower Seeds

If you harvest sunflowers and you want to get the seeds, the process is relatively simple. You just let the flowers dry, so the seeds become loose and easy to remove. Then, cut the head off and lie it on a flat surface.

You can catch the seeds with a bowl and pull them off the plant. To make the removal more comfortable, you can rub the head with your hand or any material with a corrugated surface. Another effortless way to harvest is by hanging the sunflower heads upside down as they dry. 

After collecting the seeds, rinse and drain them well before placing in paper towels and newspaper. Let them dry at room temperature to prevent mold growth and check back on them the following day. You can put them in a paper envelope before sealing it in a plastic container. 

Store the seeds somewhere cool and dry, and they should be ready to germinate for the next season. 

 

Conclusion

Sunflowers effortlessly make any area livelier. Don’t we all want to know how to keep sunflowers fresh? You can always grow the sunflowers in the greenhouse, but you should also keep them fresh in a vase if you have cut ones. 

Simply time your cutting in the morning and immediately soak your sunflowers. Afterward, prepare a solution of cool water and preservatives for the vase. Change this mix daily to slow down the growth of bacteria and keep your sunflowers fresh. 

 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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