How To Increase Terpenes In Cannabis. 3 Best Tips

This article will talk about how to increase terpenes in cannabis in three simple tips. You can always add terpenes to buds, but there are also practices in how you grow cannabis to increase its terpene levels. As a grower, knowing these techniques will create more enjoyable cannabis for you and your customers. 

You have probably noticed the growing discussion of terpenes in cannabis. After all, these compounds are not only responsible for the scent and effects of strains. It also offers medicinal benefits, so increasing their level in cannabis also becomes a goal for growers. 

 

How To Increase Terpenes In Cannabis. 3 Best Tips

How To Increase Terpenes In Cannabis Successfully

 

Tip #1. Choose your strain

The first tip to increase terpenes in cannabis is by choosing the strain itself. This sounds simple, right? But before you roll your eyes, you must remember strains will never have the same terpene levels and chemical profile

This is why you can have two cannabis varieties or strains with a similar name, yet they don’t have the same quality. You can prevent the stress of having cannabis with low terpene levels by merely starting with high-quality seeds or clones. They will cost more initially, but consider them an investment in growing quality strains. 

You could also choose strains with specific terpenes in mind. For example, let’s say you want a strain that is uplifting but also therapeutic. You can grow cannabis that has myrcene and limonene as its primary terpenes.

On the other hand, you can search for strains high in terpinolene if you aim to grow cannabis products for health benefits. Strains with this terpene are not only fragrant, but customers also seek them for relieving insomnia and antioxidative properties. Lastly, don’t forget to research your favorite strain to know more about its primary terpene. 

 

Tip #2. Improve growing conditions

As mentioned earlier, using an ideal growing environment such as a greenhouse should help create high-quality cannabis. The fact that you can maintain the ideal conditions will influence the quality of the plants. However, having perfect growing conditions also plays a significant role in increasing terpenes in cannabis. 

Did you know that you’ll notice a difference in terpene profiles if you grow the same plants indoors and outdoors? This is because the variables like light, temperature, medium, and nutrients are also influential to the terpenes in cannabis. Something that you might overlook, such as the soil or light spectrum, can affect the flavor profile of cannabis. 

Growing cannabis in an optimal environment where they won’t get stressed should induce more trichomes or terpenes. If you think about it, the flavors are unique to specific locations because of the varying factors. Check your growing space if any of these conditions are still optimal, especially if you notice a decline in terpene levels. 

Lastly, the ideal environment and lack of stress are not the only conditions that affect the terpene profile of cannabis. You can also prune your cannabis during flowering or tie their branches, so the plant focuses its energy on the flowers. Removing the lower branches and fan leaves around the buds will help produce trichomes for better yield and quality. 

 

Tip #3. Modify practices for harvest and curing

The last tip for increasing terpenes in cannabis is by doing certain practices before harvesting and during curing. For example, experienced growers recommend stopping fertilizing the plants two weeks before harvesting. This is because it prevents nutrients from building up in the buds that can affect their natural flavors. 

Therefore, focus on giving cannabis with only water to help wash away excess nutrients. You’ll end up with a more aromatic strain instead of getting their flavors overpowered by what you feed them. But what about when you’re harvesting the plants?

In the greenhouse, it’s crucial to know the marijuana growing cycle so that you can harvest on time. Harvesting too late will break down the trichomes, thus altered terpene levels on the plants. Be on the lookout for visual cues that it’s time for harvest, including milky white trichomes and yellow leaves. 

More so, be gentle in handling your buds and hold them by the stem during harvest to not destroy the trichomes. Now, as you cure, aim to preserve the terpenes in your harvest to ensure that they maintain their chemical profile. To do so, keep the humidity around 45 to 55% with low temperature and without light as you slowly dry the buds. 

 

 

Conclusion

Terpenes are highly influential in getting flavorful cannabis with enjoyable effects. Therefore, it’s useful to remember how to increase terpenes in cannabis and ensure that you’ll end up with high-quality yield. For starters, start with high-quality strains or grow those with a primary terpene in mind. 

Then, ensure that your plants are in a controlled yet ideal growing environment like the greenhouse. Factors like light, medium, and temperature affect the plant’s chemical profile more than you know. You can also prune the cannabis plants, so they focus their energy on the flowers instead. 

Lastly, stop fertilizing two weeks before harvesting so that the buds maintain their natural flavors. It’s also important to gently handle them and harvest on time to not damage their terpenes. Check for visual cues to know when to harvest your buds at their optimal quality. 

 

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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