How to Identify Pepper Plants in 6 Easy Steps

Growing pepper plants are fairly easy, but you can easily get lost in the process of identifying what type of chili you’re growing. That is why you must learn how to identify peppers and chilis since each variety can also have different growth and care requirements.

Peppers plants can produce big, small, red, spicy, and mildly hot fruits. Knowing what variety you currently have will help set your expectations when harvest season comes. While some may find it difficult to identify similar-looking peppers, knowing the basics will help set you off in planting the right type of Pepper you want.

Among the most popular type of peppers are Bell peppers, Cayenne peppers, and Jalapeno Peppers. Identifying pepper plants involves a simple process and knowing the steps will surely make you a better gardener in the future.


How to Identify Pepper Plants in 6 Easy Steps

6 Steps in Identifying Pepper Plants

There are many varieties of pepper plants and it can be confusing at times. There are several species and each of them varies in shape, size, flower appearance, and even the leaves. If you’re planning on planting peppers in your garden, you must know how to identify them.

Here’s how you can do it:


Step #1: Check the seeds

The first step in identifying pepper plants is to be familiar with the seeds. If it’s dark, it’s most likely a C. pubescent pepper species, and the corolla, or petals, would appear violet in color as the plant grows. However, if you see a straw-colored seed and your pepper plant’s petals are green or white, it’s most likely from another species of pepper plants.

When you have a mixture of seeds collected, be sure to separate them by color. Pale-colored seeds are usually the sweet and less spicy variants of pepper, while darker seeds may produce hotter types of peppers.


Step #2.: Identify the petals of your pepper plants

Next is to classify the petals. Yellowish spots on the bases of the corolla’s lobes are indications of pepper plants belonging to the C. baccatum species. If these are absent, proceed to identify its blooms.

  1. Pubescent flowers should show violet or purple blooms. But if the blooms appear greenish or white, you may have to proceed to identify its calyx.


Step #3:  Identify its blooms

For flowers with purple corollas, further identification may require the gardener to identify its flowers. Pepper plants with solitary flowers belong to the C. annum species while Pepper plants with more than one blooms on each node more likely belong to the C. chinense variety.


Step #4: Identify the fruit’s calyx

Check the calyx of the mature fruit. Try to look for rings or constrictions in the area between the pedicel and calyx of the grown fruit. If it’s present, then it belongs to the C. chinense variety. If it’s absent at the junction, go back to identifying its flowers. For solitary flowers, check the corolla again to sort its characteristics further (Step 3).


Step #5: Check the number of flowers

Take note of the number of flowers on your pepper plant’s nodes and check the flowers’ petals properly. For solitary flowers, examine the corolla. If it appears white like milk and its pedicel and lobes are straight, the pepper belongs to the C.annum variety.

On the other hand, petals that appear green or white, with lobes rolled backward are an indication that the plant belongs to the C. frutescens species of peppers. indicates that the plant belongs to C frutescens.


Step #6: Continue to identify pepper plants

Continue to identify your pepper plants and compare their flowers. If more than two flowers are present at each of the nodes, the corolla is white with a hint of green rather than creamy in color, and the pedicels appear upright as the flowers bloom, then the peppers are of the C. frutescens variety. On the other hand, C. chinense variety will show blooms with straight corolla lobes.


Growing Pepper Plants inside a Greenhouse

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits that are helpful in plants. It is beneficial beyond the benefits of traditional gardening. Temperatures are controlled within a greenhouse that fits the plant’s needs.

Aside from that, here are the other benefits of growing pepper plants inside greenhouses:


Protection from strong winds

Greenhouses offer protection from harsh winds for your pepper plants. With the structure enclosed with plastic films or glass, strong winds won’t be able to create considerable damage to the structure of your pepper plant. With that, you’ll be assured that your pepper plant will survive and continue to bear fruits.


Protection from pests

Pepper plants are extremely prone to pest infestations like aphids, cutworms, flea beetles, corn borers, and whiteflies. When these aren’t controlled, it could eat up the plant entirely. Secured and well-covered greenhouses, however, can keep these pest infestations at a minimal and will ensure that you’ll be able to control them before the infestations become worse.


Enjoy organic peppers

Since there are lesser pests to deal with, pesticide use is also kept at minimal. With that, you can enjoy Peppers that are organic and free of any chemicals.


How to Identify Peppers: Final Tips

The most important thing to remember when learning how to identify peppers is to pay attention to details. From the seeds, you will have an idea of what type of pepper you’re growing and what species it belongs to. It could be confusing at times but with the steps in mind, you’ll have a guide to follow, and identifying will be easier.

Pepper plants can range from sweet to very spicy. That is why it is important to know how to identify pepper plants before consuming them. Also, you could provide the best care that it needs when you know exactly what species of your plant belongs in.

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.


What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.


What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.


Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.


What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.


3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.


Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.


Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.


Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.



No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.


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