How to Grow Vegetables in a Greenhouse Year-Round

Are you curious to know how to grow vegetables in a greenhouse year-round? Greenhouse gardening has loads of benefits to offer including longer growing seasons, opportunities to grow your own food, as well as protection against harsh weather conditions, pests, and vermin. However, the biggest advantage of setting up your own greenhouse is the fact that you can grow your favorite plants all-year-round.

To make this happen, you need to know how to adjust the heating, lighting, amount of water, and humidity levels. It’s important to note that your greenhouse conditions also need to be adjusted depending on your growing zone, the kinds of vegetables you want to grow, and how much sunlight the plants in your greenhouse get.

How to Grow Vegetables in a Greenhouse Year-Round

What are the Easiest Vegetables to Grow in a Greenhouse?

The easiest vegetables to grow in a greenhouse depends on the season. The best vegetables to grow during the winter season include carrots, Brussel sprouts, winter squash, cabbage, and potatoes. On the other hand, the best vegetables to grow during springtime are radishes, spinach, broccoli, and asparagus.

If you want to grow vegetables in the summer choose zucchini, cucumbers, corn, and tomatoes. If you want to grow vegetables in the fall, go for mushrooms, kale, onions, and bell peppers.

 

How Do You Grow in a Greenhouse?

In order to find success in year-round greenhouse gardening, you need to pick vegetables that thrive under the same conditions, select the right containers and soil, and control the growing environment.

 

Pick out vegetables that you want to grow each season

Growing plants in a greenhouse generally starts with picking the types of vegetables you intend to grow each season. If you’ve already selected the vegetables that you like, the next step is to group them together based on how these veggies tend to grow best. Make sure that you plant the vegetables that thrive in similar environmental conditions to make it easier for you to control the heating, lighting, amount of watering, as well as the levels of humidity.

 

Select the right containers and soil

Once you’ve picked out the vegetables you want to grow, you’ll need to choose their appropriate containers and soil. Keep in mind that your containers need to have enough space for your vegetables to grow without obstructions. Make sure that the containers you choose are able to drain excess water as well.

Lastly, the growing container that you intend to choose must depend on the kind of vegetable that you’ve chosen to pick out. Also, you need to consider if this vegetable should be grown in a pot or if you should plant them directly into the ground.

It’s best if you choose a good and fertile soil to plant your vegetables in. Experts recommend soil that’s mixed with compost because aside from adding fertility to the soil, it also offers insulation to your plants during the winter season.

 

Learn to control and monitor the growing environment

It’s important to adjust your plants’ growing environment according to the seasonal changes in terms of lighting, temperature, humidity, and amount of watering.

 

Lighting

For instance, you can turn your lighting system off during the summer since you’ll be able to get enough lighting from the sun. However, you need to turn this on in fall and winter if you want your plants to grow their best.

Since the key is to get as much natural light as you can for your plant babies, it’s best to place them in areas where they can enjoy the most sunlight even when the day is a bit cloudy. Should you decide to add extra lights in your greenhouse, choose to install warming lights and LED lights because they provide a high output at a low cost.

 

Temperature

Make sure that your greenhouse has a thermometer that’s able to record the temperature inside the enclosed space, as well as the temperature outside. Based on the temperature readings, you’ll be able to increase the heat inside your greenhouse or cool it down as needed.

If the temperature is high in the summer, you need to turn on your cooling system or open the vents to circulate air inside the greenhouse. Conversely, if the temperature is low in the winter, you may have to install insulation or use electrical heat.

 

Humidity

If you live in an area that experiences dry weather most of the time, consider growing plants that thrive in this kind of climate so that you won’t have to provide your vegetables with the amount of humidity they’d need. In case you’re not aware, misting is one of the simplest ways to increase the levels of humidity inside your greenhouse. You can check if your plants need more or less humid air if you feel the moisture on your plants.

 

Watering

You obviously need to water your vegetables more in the summer than in the winter. It would be easier for you to do this if you decide to install an automatic watering system that you can easily adjust as needed.

However, if you decide to water your plants manually, learn how to check when you need to water them less or more. The best way to do this is to check if the soil is still damp. If bits of soil stick to your finger after you touch it, then you don’t need to water the plant more.

 

The Conclusion After Knowing How to Grow Vegetables in a Greenhouse Year-Round

Knowing how to grow vegetables in a greenhouse year-round is a must if you intend to maximize the use of your enclosed space. Don’t miss out on the benefits of greenhouse gardening! Learn to make the most out of your botanical oasis!

 

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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