How To Grow Poinsettia Plants From Cuttings

You only need two steps to learn how to grow poinsettia plants from cuttings. Seeing a poinsettia plant is a nostalgic reminder of holidays, but did you know that these plants can rebloom the following winter and bloom each year? With this in mind, learning how to propagate them from cuttings will let you have more plants that are exact copies of your favorites. 

More so, poinsettias are very rewarding as long as you take care of them properly. After all, the length of their service depends on managing them, which includes being consistent from propagation to the end of the season. You can use the greenhouse to house them and adjust to ideal conditions to create healthy parent plants or grow the cuttings themselves.  

 

How To Grow Poinsettia Plants From Cuttings

Easy Guide On How To Grow Poinsettia Plants From Cuttings

Before you start growing poinsettia plants from cuttings, New Mexico State University mentioned a critical consideration for gardeners. You will need to check if your plant has a patent and if so, remember that it’s illegal to propagate them. Once you’re sure that your plant is not patent-protected, you can safely gather cuttings and grow new plants. 

 

Step #1. Taking cuttings

The best time to start propagating poinsettia cuttings is in summer when the plant begins producing new shoots. These new shoots at the base are excellent for propagation, but wait until they are around 5 inches long. More so, your parent plant should be healthy and stress-free, and the stems themselves have no signs of infections and damages. 

You can prepare the parent poinsettia plant by cutting back the stems after the flowers fade. This will help new branches to develop as the old ones are not useful for propagation. Place the plant in a bright and warm location, and ensure moisture. 

Use a sharp and sterilized pruning shear to take a 4-inch stem from the base. Ideally, you want the cutting to have some leaves at the tip. Much like with other plant cuttings, you want to remove the leaves at the base, so the node is exposed, and then dip the cutting’s end in rooting hormone to help with establishment.

 

Step #2. Planting

As mentioned earlier, poinsettias might appreciate the benefits of using a greenhouse. Their ideal zones are 9 to 11, but growing them indoors will protect them from harsh cold conditions. Additionally, growing poinsettia from cuttings would be easier if they are in a location that is warm and bright, and this is easy to achieve in the greenhouse.

Before taking the cuttings, it’s best to prepare the containers with the medium for the process to be continuous. You can use a moist mix of sand and perlite in a plastic pot and press a cutting inside. The bottom should have ⅓ of it buried, and stabilize it upright with the medium. 

To help maintain moisture, you can cover the pot with a clear plastic bag that shouldn’t contact the plant. However, make sure to check still and mist the cuttings daily to help them root. If there is resistance at the base within three weeks, you can remove the cover and transplant in potting soil. 

Use the greenhouse to provide a slightly humid yet bright environment for the transplants and continue watering them. You can then plant poinsettias in fall in a moist bed with medium shade. However, remember to transfer them indoors when the temperature is freezing. 

 

Caring For Poinsettia Plants

What makes it possible to have poinsettias blooming for extended periods is proper care. You might be impressed with these plants that will remain colorful until March, given that the environment isn’t extreme. You can protect the poinsettias from freezing temperatures using a greenhouse, which is a good option for those in frigid regions. 

The ideal environment for these plants is somewhere that doesn’t receive chilly air or drafts but has slightly humid air. They’ll grow stronger with light, but be wary not to expose them in direct sunlight. More so, maintain moisture and drainage on its medium and fertilize monthly during the active growing season. 

What are the common problems in growing poinsettias? Always be on the lookout for pests, including spider mites and thrips, especially in the greenhouse. With proper monitoring, you can address them quickly and prevent spread. 

If you have to use pesticides, Michigan State University has chemical recommendations safe for poinsettias. The other potential problems in poinsettias such as bacterial soft rot, powdery mildew, and botrytis blight are also easily preventable with management practices. If they indeed arise, you can adjust the environment’s conditions and do the specific treatment for the disease. 

 

Conclusion

Holiday or not, the showy personalities of poinsettias will surely make your garden lively. If you know how to grow poinsettia plants from cuttings, you can easily create more clones of your favorites. As long as your plant has no patent, this simple propagation method will surely get you in the holiday spirit. 

Start by choosing a healthy parent plant and cut new stems. Remove all the lower leaves and dip the cutting in the rooting hormone before planting in a moist medium. You can cover the pot with a plastic bag to maintain humidity and let them establish themselves in the greenhouse. 

And voila! With proper care of your poinsettia plants, you can enjoy them for different holidays, not limited to Christmas.

 

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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