2 Steps On How To Grow Ground Orchids

Do you know that it only takes two steps to learn how to grow ground orchids? Spathoglottis and Epidendrum are one of the easiest ground orchids to cultivate compared to other orchids. However, it’s not enough that you trust the plants themselves. 

Planting ground orchids is easy, especially in the greenhouse where you can maintain their ideal growing conditions. By reading the recommendations and tips below, combined with this structure’s use, you can feel more confident that your ground orchids will thrive. Still, it’s also worth emphasizing that you have to do your research on what ground orchid you have to check for species-specific growing requirements.

How To Grow Ground Orchids

How To Grow Ground Orchids For Beginners

 

Step #1. Division and planting

When growing ground orchids, you have to understand first how do you propagate these plants. The most common way to start ground orchids is by division. It’s as straightforward as it sounds, where you will separate a clump to get new plants.

You can choose to plant in the ground or pot as long as the roots will have enough space. For the preparation of soil before planting, you can amend it with compost and fertilizer. It’s also important to loosen the ground, and you can use charcoal for this.

The ideal spacing among ground orchids divisions is three to six inches in an area that is shady or has low light. This is easier to achieve in the greenhouse, and as a bonus, you can protect the vulnerable young plants from potential rainfall. Light plays a significant impact on ground orchids because with too much, the leaves turn into a copper color and blooming will also be problematic. 

 

Step #2. Maintenance

You can then maintain your ground orchids by watering every five days or more. Much like other orchids, you don’t want to overwater them and cause rot. Therefore, let the roots dry completely in between waterings, while also wiping the leaves if they’re wet. 

As mentioned earlier, you need to know what ground orchid you’re growing as they may have specific needs. For example, spathogolottis orchids are heavy feeders, and you need to feed them every four months with a time-release fertilizer. They also thrive on tropical temperatures, so if your area is in a cold region, you need to maintain the greenhouse at 75 to 90°F.

On the other hand, epidendrum orchids are not as picky in conditions, and they don’t require often repotting compared to other ground orchids. They still prefer indirect light, but they are more rigid under challenging situations. Epidendrum orchids will thrive in temperatures above 50°F, and you can fertilize every two weeks and water once a week to keep them healthy. 

When growing ground orchids, you should also assume that they’ll need deadheading. This practice will ensure a healthy and continuous bloom, and it also helps in the garden’s overall aesthetics. Once a ground orchid stops blooming, cut the stem at a node below the flower to do so. 

 

Caring For Ground Orchids

 

Solution for root rot

The emphasis is necessary on using a well-draining soil when growing ground orchids because it can easily lead to overwatering if the medium has poor drainage. While saving overwatered orchids is possible, it’s best to avoid the situation altogether. 

More than using a well-draining medium, you want to check the surface of it first before watering. Adjust according to the external or internal conditions such as humidity and temperature.  

 

Solution for freezing temperatures

As mentioned earlier, ground orchids generally thrive in warmer climates. If ground orchids are in an area below 40°F, they can go dormant, or you’ll notice the dropping of leaves. Therefore, it’s safer to grow them in the greenhouse or have one ready to transplant during winter. 

Depending on how harsh your temperatures get, you might also get away with mulching for root protection. It would help to know your growing zone to plan on the calendar and anticipate the freezing dates. 

 

Solution for common pests and diseases

There are different common pests and diseases, according to the American Orchid Society. They include pests like aphids, thrips, mites, mealybugs to conditions such as black rot, leaf spot, and bud blast to name a few. However, don’t let this list deter you as they are manageable and avoidable with proper diligence throughout the process of growing ground orchids. 

The best solution for them will always be prevention, starting with cleanliness and sanitation. You want to have a holding area for new plants that may be carriers and if you notice infected orchids, isolate them immediately. You can prevent these problems from getting worst by continually checking your orchids so you can address the issues quickly. 

 

Conclusion

If you want to have spathoglottis and epidendrum, you have to be prepared for their growing requirements. Learning how to grow ground orchids is quite simple, and it only requires understanding how to propagate and plant them and their maintenance needs. The most common way to start ground orchids is from clump division. 

Afterward, choose a low light location with well-draining and fertile soil. Space the plants at 6 inches and ensure that you never overwater or leave the plant and its roots wet. You can also make maintenance more comfortable in the greenhouse, especially for ground orchids with specific requirements. 

 

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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