How To Grow Dogwood Trees From Seed Complete Guide

If you want to know how to grow dogwood trees from seed, start with collection and preparation, then planting, and lastly, maintenance. A useful tip to keep in mind when beginning any plant from seeds is ensuring that they are in an optimal growing environment. The greenhouse is excellent for seeds because it maintains the conditions that support growth. 

For dogwood trees, they thrive in zones 5 to 9, which gives you an idea of their preferred growing conditions. It’s crucial to monitor their environment to ensure that the seeds will germinate and grow into healthy seedlings. This is what puts the greenhouse at an advantage compared to the outdoor sowing of seeds. 

How To Grow Dogwood Trees From Seed Complete Guide

How To Grow Dogwood Trees From Seed For Beginners

 

Collection and preparation

While some gardeners start with established dogwood plants for transplanting, you can still grow them from seeds. The best time to collect dogwood seeds is in autumn since the fruits that hold them fall from the trees by this time. When these fruits or drupes fall from the tree, it also signals that the seeds are feasible to collect. 

Once you have the drupes, you want to soften them by soaking first in the water. An excellent tip to know if the seeds will grow is to use drupes that didn’t float. Afterward, remove the fruit skin by scraping them against a wire mesh.

You can also make it easier to separate the pulp and seeds if you squeeze the fruits as they are soaking. Gather the seeds that remain at the bottom of the container and spread them evenly on a table for drying. However, unlike other plant seeds, you have to stratify dogwood seeds to help them germinate. 

 

How to stratify dogwood seeds

Because of the structure of dogwood seeds, you must stratify them first to ensure germination. Stratification is a process where you mimic the natural conditions for the seeds to encourage germination, such as breaking the dormancy phase.

There are various techniques to stratify dogwood seeds, and one of them is placing the seeds in a bag with peat moss. The moss should be moist, and the bag should have holes for air circulation. Afterward, store this bag in an area with room temperature for 105 days. 

You can also place the bag in the refrigerator at 40°F, and what this does is stimulate the seeds the same way they would naturally in the winter. This will trigger germination as long as you maintain the temperature for four months. Additionally, check the seeds as they should stay moist but never soaking wet.

 

Planting

After stratification, your dogwood seeds should be ready for planting. Growing in the greenhouse puts you at an advantage since you don’t have to worry about the danger of frost. The season will not get delayed, and the garden will be productive. 

You can still plant dogwood seeds outdoors by checking your hardiness zone to know when is the last frost date. But if you checked the seeds and 10% of them have not germinated yet, start them indoors to encourage germination. Place them in an area that receives sunlight and monitor the indoor temperatures. 

Where can you plant dogwood seeds? You can spread them out on top of the soil before covering them with soil lightly. Water thoroughly to help them grow, but be mindful not to get the ground soggy.

In the greenhouse, you can also plant dogwood seeds in pots. They should have drainage holes, and you can use a mixture of sand and peat moss for the medium. You can plant one seed per pot and then cover them with potting mix. 

 

Maintenance

As you have read, growing dogwood trees from seed is easy and straightforward. Proper stratification and using a greenhouse should encourage germination and healthy seedlings. However, learn the maintenance requirements of the plants to avoid drawbacks.

Like most seeds, dogwood seeds thrive in a moist medium. Be careful not to overwater since soggy soil can cause rot. As for the feeding, a general liquid fertilizer in the spring and middle of the summer is optimal. Lastly, there are disease-resistant dogwood cultivars that you can choose from flowering, Kousa, and hybrid species.  

 

How to transplant dogwood trees

Compared to outdoor trees, you can transplant container dogwoods anytime as long as they are healthy. Prepare the site to have ⅔ of the depth of the root ball for receiving the transplant. Gently pack soil around the root ball without putting soil directly on the ball itself. 

If you want to transplant dogwood trees, you can prevent transplant shock by pruning the roots first. Do this in the season before transplanting. However, it would be best also to remember that transplanting is ideal after winter. 

To prepare the hole, it should be twice as large and deep as the root ball. Leave a hill of dirt at the center for easier packing. Be diligent in packing the soil around the roots in addition to watering. 

 

Conclusion

Starting plants from seeds shouldn’t be intimidating, especially if you have a greenhouse. If you’re interested in how to grow dogwood trees from seed, you only need to tackle three steps. Collect and prepare the seeds by stratifying them to encourage germination.

Afterward, plant the seeds in beds or containers after the danger of frost, while ensuring a moist medium. Lastly, the maintenance of dogwood trees is straightforward in terms of watering and feeding. You can even choose disease-resistant cultivars to prevent problems in growth. 

 

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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