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Gardening 101: How to Grow Curcuma Plants

If you’re looking for instructions on how to grow Curcuma plants in your yard or greenhouse, you’ve come to the right place. Curcuma plants (also known as turmeric) belong to the family of Zingiberaceae, the same family that ginger belongs in. Even though it doesn’t produce ginger, Curcuma makes a beautiful ornamental in the garden, and when cared for the proper way, you can enjoy the beauty of your Curcuma plant all year-long.

Plants belonging in the genus Curcuma are typically easy to grow and care for as many of them have similar needs. The two most common types of Curcuma plants are Curcuma longa, also known as the “common turmeric” and Curcuma zedoaria, or the “white turmeric”. The roots of the Curcuma longa are often used to produce the golden spice, turmeric.

Gardening 101: How to Grow Curcuma Plants

Growing Curcuma Plants Successfully

When planning to grow Curcuma, you have to make sure that you use nutrient-rich soil that’s constantly moist. You must also keep in mind that these plants need to get a lot of sunlight. In most parts of the United States, turmeric plants strive best when placed indoors during the entire winter season. Once the weather becomes warmer, and the frost goes away, you can place your turmeric back outside to enjoy the sunlight. Here are some of the important considerations you need to keep in mind when planning Curcuma in your garden or greenhouse:

 

Preparations

To start the process of planting turmeric, you have to obtain bare rhizomes of established turmeric plants. You can easily find some at the local farmer’s market or from plant nurseries in your locality. Usually, rhizomes with a lot of bumps or buds on its sides are the best ones to use for planting.

Curcuma or turmeric plants take about ten months to grow, beginning from planting to harvest. When determining the time to plant, you have to count 10 months before the first frost appears in the fall. For instance, if the first frost usually happens in mid-October in your area, you’ll probably have to start planting between December to March.

 

Soil type

Curcuma strives best in well-draining soils. For this reason, be sure to use well-draining soils mixed with compost or humus when planting your turmeric plants. The organic matter you’ll add to the soil will provide additional microbes that could be beneficial for the growth and propagation of your Curcuma plant.

It’s also important to avoid overwatering your plants as this could turn your curcuma’s leaves to yellow. Once in a while (about 5 to 7 days), dip your finger in the soil to feel its moisture if it’s dry down for about 1 ½ inch, water the plant immediately to avoid drying.

 

Light and temperature

Curcuma plants thrive best in warm areas where they can receive full sun. They usually thrive in temperatures ranging from 68°F to 95°F. During extreme summer conditions, the soil of your Curcuma plant could easily dry out, that’s why it’s important to check it now and then so you can provide water and avoid plant dehydration.

During the winter seasons, it’s common for temperatures in some parts of the United States to drop below 50°F. As a result, your Curcuma plants could suffer. In this case, it’s better to bring them indoors or transfer them in a mini greenhouse if you have one.

 

Planting

When planting your Curcuma, it’s better to start sprouting your rhizomes in a separate small container. Once you have your rhizome, divide it into sections while making sure that each section has at least 2 to 3 buds. With the prepared soil, lay your rhizome flat on it then cover it with more potting soil before adding water to it.

Once your rhizomes are in place, cover the containers with clear plastic and place it in an area where the temperature is warm (ideally around 90°F). Placing your Curcuma plants in a cooler place will lead to slow sprouting, or sometimes, sprouting may not even happen. For best results, place your containers inside a greenhouse where you can regulate the temperature.

When your Curcuma plant has grown and is around 6 to 8 inches tall, the next step is to transplant it to another bigger container or pot. This will give it a larger surface area and will make sure that the plant will have more room to grow into.

 

Benefits of Using a Mini Greenhouse for Your Curcuma Plant

Curcuma plants strive best in a warm environment. If you live in an area where the nights are constantly cool or the winter season could bring about extreme drops in the temperature, one way to make sure that your Curcuma plant survives the harsh weather conditions is to place it inside a greenhouse.

Here are the main benefits of having a mini greenhouse:

 

Benefit #1. You can grow your plants in an ideal growing environment

You can have full control of the internal environment. This allows you to manipulate the levels of temperature and humidity that your plants get exposed to. If your plants need extra warmth, you can easily provide this need by making use of heating mats.

 

Benefit #2. You get to grow more for longer periods of time

Growing your favorite plants in a mini greenhouse lead to greater yields, as well as high-quality crops. Since a mini greenhouse allows you to garden non-stop regardless of the weather outside, you can easily extend growing seasons for your crops.

 

Benefit #3. You can protect your plants from inclement weather and pests

Since the mini greenhouse serves as a protective layer between your plants and the external environment, you can rest easy knowing that they will be protected from harsh weather conditions, as well as destructive pests and animals that may put all of your gardening efforts to waste.

 

Learn How to Grow Curcuma Plants the Easiest Way

Curcuma or turmeric plants offer more than just beauty to your garden. You can also harvest the roots and turn it into turmeric powder which you can use for a variety of purposes, such as cooking or making tea. Now that you know how to grow Curcuma plants try to do so in a mini greenhouse so that you can have an unlimited supply of turmeric at your disposal.

 

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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